Who Invented Basketball?

Who Invented Basketball?

Without a doubt, basketball is one of the most popular sports worldwide. The success of international sports groups and organizations like the National Basketball Association or NBA as well as the International Basketball Federation or FIBA has contributed to the overall popularity of the game. Likewise, the emergence of the Women’s National Basketball Association or WNBA gave women the opportunity to participate in this well-loved sport. In order to know the game more, it is good to know who invented basketball.

The Invention of Basketball

Who invented basketball? James Naismith was credited for the invention of this team sport some time in December 1891. He was at that time a YMCA Training School instructor in the City of Springfield in Massachusetts. His primary purpose for inventing the game was to give his students a vigorous indoor game to play especially during the extremely cold winter season.

Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information

At first, the game of basketball was played exclusively indoors. Before, a peach basket was nailed 10 feet high. Players usually shot the ball inside the basket in order to score. When a goal was made, the ball was to be retrieved manually. They solved this problem by cutting a hole under the basket in order for the ball to pass directly through it. The use of peach basket lasted until 1906. After that, it was replaced by backboards and metal hoops, just like in the basketball as it is today.

The first official basketball game took place on January 20, 1892, which was held right inside the YMCA gymnasium. The playing field used then only measured half of the current regulation-size basketball court. The official score after that game was 1-0. After the game was invented, its popularity immediately reached other parts of the United States as well as Canada. In 1898, the very first professional basketball league was established under the name National Basketball League.

When people talk about basketball, it is very hard not to include the NBA. Today, this professional league remains as the most popular all over the world. It was established in 1946, under the name Basketball Association of America. In 1949, it merged with the National Basketball League that led to the creation of the National Basketball Association.

The emergence of NBA legends such as Magic Johnson, Larry Bird and Michael Jordan helped popularized the sport even more. This sport continues to gain popularity. Today, the popularity of the game has spread to countries like Germany, France and Turkey. These nations have already produced their very own basketball superstars in the form of players such as Dirk Nowitzki of the Dallas Mavericks, Tony Parker of the San Antonio Spurs and Hedo Turkoglu of the Toronto Raptors.

Additional Reading on Basketball

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4 Responses to “Who Invented Basketball?”

  1. skyler stanley says:

    Hedo Turkoglu is on the Orlando Magic now. Update it..

  2. Ann Wilson says:

    Please check your facts. Some fans may not know it, but the first recorded game of baseball took place in Canada, a year before Abner Doubleday supposedly “invented” the game in Cooperstown, New York.

    Beachville, about 40 kilometres east of London, Ontario, boasts of itself as the home of baseball in Canada because it was here on June 4, 1838 that a game of baseball, or at least a form of the game as we now know it, took place in front of several spectators.

    The basis of this claim lies with a lengthy letter published May 5, 1886 in the Philadelphia-based Sporting Life magazine. The letter, entitled “A Game of Long-ago Which Closely Resembled Our Present National Game,” was written by Dr. Adam Ford of Denver, Colorado, who had grown up in Beachville.

    What sets Ford’s letter apart from other reminiscences of early ball games is details on the date, the way the game was played, and the names of players who participated. Most historians agree baseball flourished before 1840 and that Doubleday’s claim of invention is pure bunk, but there seems to be little evidence on specific dates and places of the games.

    Although Ford’s original letter is in the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York, officials there have never formally recognized the validity of his claim for Beachville.

    Research of county records and tombstones in the area indicate most of the players would have been boys and men 15 to 24 at the time of the game, again making his recollections believable, say the researchers.

    It’s Ford’s letter, which also includes a diagram of a five-sided playing field, that sets down for the first time the specifics of a game. There were distinguishing features to Ford’s game: there was territory to show where fair and foul balls were, or “fair hit” and “no hit” as he called them. And the number of men on each side had to be equal before a game could be played, usually between seven and 12 players per team.

    In 1988, a stamp was issued recognizing 150 years of the sport in Canada. As well, a match was held that year between a team in Beachville and one from Cooperstown, playing by the rules outlined by Ford.

  3. Ann Wilson says:

    James Naismith was the Canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891. James Naismith was born in Almonte, Ontario and educated at McGill University and Presbyterian Cllege in Montreal. He was the physical education teacher at McGill University (1887 to 1890) and at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts (1890 to 1895).

  4. Kim says:

    1891 , James Naismith ,Part crated nab history of all time he’s dead now but back in the day when nobody wasn’t careing about sports let along nba if someone was watching nba it was a big big deal ,