Daylight savings time (also known as DST) refers to the practice of advancing clocks to maximize the use of sunlight and to save energy used for producing electricity. This practice is popular in some countries including the United States and Great Britain. Individuals who support DST believe that they can use the additional daylight for doing different leisure activities. Additionally, retail shops also benefit from this practice since their electric consumption will be lessened. To learn more about this conventional practice, it is important to have a closer look at the history of the Daylight Savings Time.
History of DST
Who invented Daylight Savings Time? DST was invented by George Vernon Hudson, an entomologist in New Zealand, in the late 1800s. In his research in 1895, Hudson proposed the adjustment of day hours. He realized the value of daylight in his work, which is to examine the behaviors of insects. Individuals who read the research, showed interest in his proposal. In this regard, Hudson published another research that would support his claims about DST in 1898. In 1905, English outdoorsman William Willet realized the importance of DST to the lives of people in London, England during summer. He came to this realization while in a pre-breakfast ride. In 1907, Willet published research about the benefits from the Daylight Savings Time.
DST in the United States
The implementation of DST was observed in 1918. At this time, the Congress gave power to local governments whether to implement the Daylight Savings Time or not. However, on February 9, 1942 to September 30, 1945, the national government implemented the act nationally because the country faced energy crisis during the Second World War. After 1945, the legislation was revised and the implementation of DST were based on the decisions of local leaders. To guide local officials, the Congress introduced the Uniform Time Act in 1966. This legislation stated the standardization of the start as well as the end of DST.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
One of the benefits from Daylight Savings Time is it reduces national usage of electricity. Aside from this, the sales of retail shops, restaurants and sporting goods increases because the daylight hours were adjusted. However, some people argued that DST has negative effects on health. Some of the effects are depression, skin cancer, seasonal affective disorder and night blindness. Additionally, people may also suffer from heart attacks, severe circadian rhythm and suicidal tendencies. In this regard, DST is repealed in some countries like Kazakhstan.