Who Invented I Heart NY?

Who Invented I Heart NY?...

I Heart NY is a logo made for the advertising campaign launched to promote the tourist destinations in the state of New York. The logo is commonly seen in brochures as well as souvenir shops in the area. It is very simple since the trademark is set in the American Typewriter slab serif typeface. It became an essential part of the popular culture not just in the state but also in the U.S. Due to the popularity of this trademark, many people imitated it. In order to avoid confusion and to resolve conflicts, it is important to know the person who invented I Heart NY. History of the Development of the Logo Who invented I Heart NY? I Heart NY was invented or designed by graphic designer Milton Glaser in 1977. Glaser was recruited by New York State Department of Commerce Deputy Commissioner William S. Doyle to develop a unique but attractive design based on the marketing campaign conceptualized by Wells Rich Greene. The designer did not expect that the logo would be used for a long time since the campaign was only meant to be introduced to the public for a couple of months. In this regard, Glaser gave his service for the state for free. Additional Information and Other Important Details The logo was inspired by other trademarks introduced in the different U.S. states like the I Heart LA (Los Angeles), I Heart SF (San Francisco) and I Heart DF (Distrito Federal). Other trademarks that have similarities with I Heart NY are the I Love NJ (New Japan Pro Wrestling) and I Love NX (New Cross). The logo was also used by American performer New Young Pony Club in the covering of the album entitled Fantastic Playroom....
Who Invented the Compass?

Who Invented the Compass?...

Accounts of the history of the compass often points to 2nd century BC China as its place of origin. However there are researchers who say the Olmecs were using a compass around 1000 BC. However, the authenticity of this finding has yet to be fully verified. The Compass in Ancient China It is not possible to state with certainly who actually invented the first compass. But it may have been in use by the time of the Qin dynasty (221-206 BC). The earliest compasses were lodestones. This mineral is made of iron oxide which orients itself to a north and south axis. In 1117 Zhu Yu’s book Pingzhou Table Talks came out. It was the first time in the history of the compass that the device was mentioned as a tool for navigation. From the 800s to the 1040s, the Chinese referred to magnetism and magnetic needles in many of their books. Their exact use prior to the 1100s was for building edifices. During earlier times it was also probably used for fortune telling. The Magnetic Needles By the 8th century AD, magnetic needles had replaced the loadstones as navigational devices. From the 8th century to the 1050s the compass was reportedly being used by ships. Records show that Zheng He of Yunnan (1371-1435) used the device during his voyages. Based on the history of the compass, these voyages took place between 1405 to 1433. From China to Europe There is no consensus on how knowledge of the compass spread to Europe and other parts of the world. One theory is that Chinese traders made their way to the Middle East and then to Europe. Others think that the compass was developed in Europe without any Chinese influence. Another...
Who Invented the Hybrid Car?

Who Invented the Hybrid Car?...

The hybrid car is such a suitable mode of transportation in these times of environmental and economic concerns that we tend to think of it as a recent modern invention. Actually, these vehicles have been in development for several years now. In fact, it may surprise one to know that they have been in development as far back as even before the 20th century! It was in 1665 when Ferdinand Verbiest, a Jesuit priest and astronomer, began designing a four-wheeled self-moving wagon powered by steam. Verbiest is known to have toiled on the design well into 1680, but there is no known record that the machine ever worked or if it was even built in the first place. The first working steam-powered vehicle would be built by a Frenchman named Nicholas Cugnot in 1769. Capable of traveling at 6 miles per hour, the downside to Cugnot’s creation was that it could not produce sufficient steam to move any faster, as well as being unable to carry adequate amount of fuel to travel farther. In the succeeding years, there would be several more attempts to invent an alternatively-driven horseless carriage; most notably by employing a then-emerging new power source, electricity. A number of inventors emerged who might have laid claim to having been the first who invented the hybrid car, had it not been for certain flaws that would appear in their designs. A Scotsman named Robert Anderson developed the first electric-powered car in 1839, which was much acclaimed during its time but nonetheless suffered the problem of how its automotive batteries could maintain their charge. In 1870, a certain Sir David Salomon devised an electric-powered vehicle that had a light motor and a very heavy battery, but these innovations...
Who Invented the Helicopter?

Who Invented the Helicopter?...

Aside from the plane, the helicopter is the only other vehicle capable of heavier than air flight. Until recently, it was also the only vehicle that is capable of vertical lift-off. These characteristics make it interesting to know who invented the helicopter as it is an undeniably unique vehicle. If the question ‘who invented the helicopter’ pertains to the individual who first designed a vehicle resembling the modern helicopter, then the inventor of the helicopter is undeniably Leonardo da Vinci. The quintessential Renaissance Man, da Vinci did not limit himself to the arts. He also dabbled into engineering. In fact, da Vinci indicated that his occupation is a military engineer, as he designed numerous machines and contraptions of war for Italian warlords during his time. This is in stark contrast with his popular image as an artist, an image that owes to the popularity of his Mona Lisa. Leonardo da Vinci can very well be considered as the man who invented the helicopter, if the only criterion for being the inventor of the helicopter is to become the first to create a design plan of a helicopter. This is because he is the first individual to come up with the concept of a vehicle that flies vertically. In his notes, he called this helicopter prototype a ‘flying screw’ due to its distinct flying pattern. Many helicopter designs have been created centuries after da Vinci’s. Such designs include that of Lomonosov and d’Amecourt both of which, like da Vinci’s, remained on the drawing board and did not actually lift off the ground. They may not be candidates for being the ones who invented the helicopter but they nevertheless advanced the principles that will help the future pioneers perfect the technology...
Who Invented the Stagecoach?

Who Invented the Stagecoach?...

The history of the stagecoach in the US started in 1827 with Concord. It cost over $1,200 to $1,500. The stagecoaches were used to transport people as well as goods. Most of them weighed no less than 1,800 lbs. The Abbot Downing Company As stagecoaches gained popularity, its services began to spread throughout the States. The Abbot Downing Company created over 40 kinds of carriages. Their base was in New Hampshire. The company continued making carriages and wagons until 1919. At its height the company employed 300 people. Stagecoach Facts and Figures The seats were made of leather and each carriage was assigned a number. A look at the history of the stagecoach indicates it was known for its durability. The carriage had boots where luggage could be placed. There was also room at the top of the carriage where other items could be stored. Each stagecoach could carry nine people. It had roll down curtains and three sets of seats inside. If filled to capacity, each individual had 15 inches of space. The carriage moved at an average of 8 mph. There were different types of rides available, with first class travel costing $7. The stagecoach was also used to deliver mail and other goods. Even during the Civil War these carriages continued to ply their trade. Stagecoaches around the World The history of the stagecoach in Europe began earlier in Europe. The exact date is uncertain. However, depictions of stagecoaches were seen in English illustrations in the mid 1200s. However it was not invented and used until the 1500s in Britain. As it became popular, coaching inns spread throughout the continent. Stages and stations also emerged in the US. There are reports that Shakespeare’s plays were conducted...
Who Invented the Hummer?

Who Invented the Hummer?...

The history of the Hummer began with the Humvee. The Humvee was a vehicle developed by AM General Corp. for the US military. It became very popular and General Motors would go on to cerate a model for civilians which came to be known as the Hummer. The vehicles were first sold in 1992. Background of the Hummer The original Humvees were constructed in the early 1980s by AM General Corporation. The earliest models were made in Mishawaka in Indiana. The Humvees were made at the behest of the US military. The earliest Humvee models were strictly for military use and were fitted with military equipment such as radar. The history of the Hummer was changed when the vehicle was made public. The design of the vehicle captured the media’s attention. The Hummer first got public attention when the vehicle was shown over ESPN. People marveled at how easily it was able to navigate the uneven terrain. However it was the Gulf War that really brought the Humvee into mainstream public consciousness. The Hummer Emerges Sensing the strong public demand, AM General decide to produce Humvees for civilian use. They started making the models in 1992 and change the name from Humvee to Hummer. The next important chapter in the history of the Hummer took place in the year 1998. That was when AM General sold the name rights to General Motors. AM General would continue to produce the vehicles but it was GM that handled the marketing. GM was also responsible for selling the products. The Hummer would prove to be such a hit that GM would later produce other models. The original Hummer was renamed H1 while the newer models were called H2 and H3 respectively. The...
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