Who Invented the Train?

Who Invented the Train?

The history of the train will show that Richard Trevithick made the first steam tramway locomotive in 1804. In 1814, George Stephenson created the Blucher, the first steam locomotive meant for railway use. Early History of Railways Records show that as far back as 1550, the Germans had already built rails. However these were called wagonways and constructed of wood. By 1776, the wood rails had been replaced by iron. Instead of horses, wheels were now used to push the charts. Eventually these wagonways became tramways. It wasn’t long before it spread throughout Europe. In 1789 William Jessop of the UK created a wagon with flanged wheels. This was crucial in the history of the train; the design allowed the wheels to move securely along the rails. The Invention of the Steam Engine As stated, it was Trevithick who built the tramway steam locomotive. It was first run on February 22, 1804. The machine was able to carry a 10 ton load. The load consisted of 70 people, some wagons and iron pieces. It traveled 9 miles, which took two hours. This took place in South Wales. Stephenson’s invention came soon after. He had a great role in adoption and further development of the steam locomotive. In 1825, Stockton & Darlington Railroad Company began carrying people and merchandise. They were also the first to have train rides on a regular schedule. Their locomotives were based on the work of Stephenson. It was able to carry about 450 people at 9 mph. Railways in the United States Colonel John Stevens is considered to be the founder of American railways and railroads. In 1826 he showed it was possible for locomotives to move around circular rails. In 1815 he was given...
Who Invented Chevrolet?

Who Invented Chevrolet?

The history of Chevrolet (or Chevy) began in 1911. William Durant was removed from GM (General Motors) the year before. He hired Louis Chevrolet to design cars for his new company. The first Chevy they made was sold for $875. Over the years, the car and brand would become one of the most recognized in the country. The Rise of the Chevy The early Chevrolet models proved very popular and sold well. By 1917, Durant and GM entered into an agreement wherein Chevrolet would become part of GM. Under GM, the sales and popularity of the Chevrolet grew rapidly. By the 1920s it was only behind Ford and Dodge in terms of sales and recognition. In 1925 the company introduced the Superior. The Superior went on sale for only $650 and for the first time in the history of Chevrolet, it surpassed Ford in terms of sale. The Cast Iron Wonder in 1929 topped the 1 million sales mark in its first year. The 1930s to 1950s The 1930s saw the company introduce new features to their cars. Among the most important ones were the hydraulic brakes, column shifts and V grilles. In 1939 they came up with their first station wagon. 1940 saw the company release a convertible at reduced prices. From the 1950s to 60s, the Chevy would incorporate more elements to their models. 1950 saw the company produce the Powerglide transmission. It offered auto shifting at lower prices, which helped boost sales. The history of Chevrolet in 1953 is noted for the release of the Chevrolet Corvette. The sports car was the first to use a plastic body and would prove to be a big hit with buyers. A year later small V8 engines were being...
Who Invented the Compass?

Who Invented the Compass?...

Accounts of the history of the compass often points to 2nd century BC China as its place of origin. However there are researchers who say the Olmecs were using a compass around 1000 BC. However, the authenticity of this finding has yet to be fully verified. The Compass in Ancient China It is not possible to state with certainly who actually invented the first compass. But it may have been in use by the time of the Qin dynasty (221-206 BC). The earliest compasses were lodestones. This mineral is made of iron oxide which orients itself to a north and south axis. In 1117 Zhu Yu’s book Pingzhou Table Talks came out. It was the first time in the history of the compass that the device was mentioned as a tool for navigation. From the 800s to the 1040s, the Chinese referred to magnetism and magnetic needles in many of their books. Their exact use prior to the 1100s was for building edifices. During earlier times it was also probably used for fortune telling. The Magnetic Needles By the 8th century AD, magnetic needles had replaced the loadstones as navigational devices. From the 8th century to the 1050s the compass was reportedly being used by ships. Records show that Zheng He of Yunnan (1371-1435) used the device during his voyages. Based on the history of the compass, these voyages took place between 1405 to 1433. From China to Europe There is no consensus on how knowledge of the compass spread to Europe and other parts of the world. One theory is that Chinese traders made their way to the Middle East and then to Europe. Others think that the compass was developed in Europe without any Chinese influence. Another...
Who Invented the Airplane?

Who Invented the Airplane?...

The history of the airplane shows it was invented by Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) Wright. They got the patent 9 months prior to their flight in December 1903. The Early History of Flight There are pictures showing Orville Wright on the plane flying. The craft flew to a height of 10 ft. It traversed a total of 120 feet and lasted 12 seconds in the air. The story of airplanes is connected with man’s dream of flying. Man’s desire to fly goes back to ancient times. The ancient Greeks and Hindu tales feature stories of men flying around on animals or chariots. There are some reports that in 400 BC, the Greek philosopher and mathematician Archytas invented a flying device. The apparatus was powered by steam. According to some reports it flew a distance of 600 feet. This would rewrite the history of the airplane if true, but it has not been fully verified. Other Early Designs The records show that in the 11trh century the monk Eilmer of Malmesbery had experimented with gliders in an attempt to fly. Another one was the poet Abbas. Leonardo Da Vinci left behind aircraft designs on the Codex of the Flight of Birds. The 18th century saw Francoise Pilatre de Rozier soar on a balloon. In 1803, George Cayley (discoverer of the laws of aerodynamics) began experimenting with various gliders. An American scientist named John Montgomery was able to create a controlled glider in 1883. The history of the airplane shows that a lot of other scientists who designed gliders. But it was not until the Wright brothers in 1903 that engine powered aircraft came into being. After the Wright Brothers’ Flight The Wright brothers’ flight in 1903 was the first...
Who Invented the Stagecoach?

Who Invented the Stagecoach?...

The history of the stagecoach in the US started in 1827 with Concord. It cost over $1,200 to $1,500. The stagecoaches were used to transport people as well as goods. Most of them weighed no less than 1,800 lbs. The Abbot Downing Company As stagecoaches gained popularity, its services began to spread throughout the States. The Abbot Downing Company created over 40 kinds of carriages. Their base was in New Hampshire. The company continued making carriages and wagons until 1919. At its height the company employed 300 people. Stagecoach Facts and Figures The seats were made of leather and each carriage was assigned a number. A look at the history of the stagecoach indicates it was known for its durability. The carriage had boots where luggage could be placed. There was also room at the top of the carriage where other items could be stored. Each stagecoach could carry nine people. It had roll down curtains and three sets of seats inside. If filled to capacity, each individual had 15 inches of space. The carriage moved at an average of 8 mph. There were different types of rides available, with first class travel costing $7. The stagecoach was also used to deliver mail and other goods. Even during the Civil War these carriages continued to ply their trade. Stagecoaches around the World The history of the stagecoach in Europe began earlier in Europe. The exact date is uncertain. However, depictions of stagecoaches were seen in English illustrations in the mid 1200s. However it was not invented and used until the 1500s in Britain. As it became popular, coaching inns spread throughout the continent. Stages and stations also emerged in the US. There are reports that Shakespeare’s plays were conducted...
Who Invented the Helicopter?

Who Invented the Helicopter?...

Aside from the plane, the helicopter is the only other vehicle capable of heavier than air flight. Until recently, it was also the only vehicle that is capable of vertical lift-off. These characteristics make it interesting to know who invented the helicopter as it is an undeniably unique vehicle. If the question ‘who invented the helicopter’ pertains to the individual who first designed a vehicle resembling the modern helicopter, then the inventor of the helicopter is undeniably Leonardo da Vinci. The quintessential Renaissance Man, da Vinci did not limit himself to the arts. He also dabbled into engineering. In fact, da Vinci indicated that his occupation is a military engineer, as he designed numerous machines and contraptions of war for Italian warlords during his time. This is in stark contrast with his popular image as an artist, an image that owes to the popularity of his Mona Lisa. Leonardo da Vinci can very well be considered as the man who invented the helicopter, if the only criterion for being the inventor of the helicopter is to become the first to create a design plan of a helicopter. This is because he is the first individual to come up with the concept of a vehicle that flies vertically. In his notes, he called this helicopter prototype a ‘flying screw’ due to its distinct flying pattern. Many helicopter designs have been created centuries after da Vinci’s. Such designs include that of Lomonosov and d’Amecourt both of which, like da Vinci’s, remained on the drawing board and did not actually lift off the ground. They may not be candidates for being the ones who invented the helicopter but they nevertheless advanced the principles that will help the future pioneers perfect the technology...
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