Who Invented the MP3 Player?

Who Invented the MP3 Player?...

The very first mp3 player to appear was Winplay3 in 1995. However the history of the mp3 player is best understood by analyzing the history of the technology itself. Origin of Mp3 Technology Mp3 stands for MPEG 1 Audio Layer 3. It was developed in 1991 by the Motion Pictures Experts Group to be part of the MPEG format. There were actually several groups involved in its creation. However it is the German company Fraunhofer-Gesellshaft that releases the license for the music technology. Those credited with creating the mp3 technology are Bernd Kurten, Karl-Heinz Brandenburg, Bernhard Grill, Thomas Sporer, and Ernst Eberlein. The technology was born out of the need to make high quality music but with high compression. The history of the mp3 player and mp3s evolved out of necessity. Before mp3 came along, music files were stored in mostly WAV formats. This sound quality was high but the files were huge. A WAV consisting of a few seconds of sound would be several megabytes in size. Development The project actually developed in Germany in 1987 with the initial aim to find new ways to compress musical data. It was in 1989 when the Fraunhofer group got the patent for the technology. Three years later, mp3 was assimilated into the MPEG technology. A year the standard was implemented. A Brief History of the Mp3 Player The Fraunhofer Company also tried making mp3 players but they were not successful. It was in 1997 when the AMP MP3 Playback Engine player came out. This was invented by Tomislav Uzelac who was working at the Advanced Multimedia Products Company. The player was not sold commercially. However a few months later, students Dmitry Boldyrev and Justin Frankel transported the AMP technology into...
Who Invented the Space Shuttle?

Who Invented the Space Shuttle?...

The first functional shuttle was the Columbia, launched in 1981. As this overview of the history of the space shuttle will make clear, the shuttle was designed by NASA and not by a single individual. Development Plans for the space shuttle started even before the Apollo lunar missions in 1969. The main concerns at that point were logistics; how much the shuttle would cost and how it was to be built. It was agreed that the basic set up would include rocket boosters, a disposable external tank and the winged orbiter. The program was officially made public by President Nixon three years later. The main contractor was Rockwell International (known as North American Aviation back then). Before Columbia was built, a series of prototypes were designed. The history of the space shuttle began with the first completed prototype, the Constitution. Due to insistent public demand the orbiter’s name was changed to the Enterprise after the TV series Star Trek. The Enterprise was unveiled on September 17, 1976. It conducted a series of test flights, vital to the development of the shuttle. Following the successful experiment, the engineers started working on the shuttle. The Shuttle Fleet The shuttle Columbia was constructed in Palmdale, California. It was finished and sent to the Kennedy Space Center. The date was March 25, 1979. The Columbia took off on April 12, 1981. The history of the space shuttle shows that the Columbia made a total of 28 flights. A year after Columbia’s launch, the Challenger was sent to the Kennedy Space Center. This was followed by the Discovery in 1983 and the shuttle Atlantis two years later. Columbia was destroyed in 2003 as it made its way back to Earth, killing the seven crew...
Who Invented the Skyscraper?

Who Invented the Skyscraper?...

Defined as a super tall building that is continuously habitable, a skyscraper is a fascinating invention. The Empire State Building in New York City, the Willis Tower in Chicago and the Taipei 101 in Taiwan are just some of the most impressive skyscrapers ever created. Today, these buildings serve as practical solutions to the increasing scarcity of land worldwide. Aside from these things, it is also good to know the history of these tall buildings including who invented the skyscraper. The Invention of the Skyscraper Who invented the skyscraper? After he created the first ever load-bearing structural frame for the Home Insurance Building within the City of Chicago in Illinois in 1885, it is but right to credit architect William Le Baron Jenney as the Father of American skyscrapers. The ten-storey building was the very first skyscraper in the world. In 1891, American architects Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler designed the Wainwright Building in Saint Louis, Missouri. It was also a ten-storey building. However, many people considered it the first true skyscraper rather than the Home Insurance Building because it was constructed with steel frames. Furthermore, it featured vertical bands, which helped emphasized the building’s height even more. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information After the early skyscrapers were created, fire restrictions and height limits were introduced. In 1895, the American Surety Building was completed in New York. It was the tallest building during that time. In 1930, the Chrysler Building was completed in New York City. In 1931, the Empire State Building, which was comprised of 102 floors, was completed. In 1932, the Boerentoren was constructed in Antwerp, Belgium. It was made up of 26 floors. In 1940, the Torre Piacentini was completed with 31 floors within the...
Who Invented the Atomic Bomb?

Who Invented the Atomic Bomb?...

The history of the atomic bomb began with the Manhattan Project. It was tasked to create the bomb beginning in 1939. The scientists who invented the bomb included Robert Oppenheimer, Edward Teller, Rudolf Peierls and many others. The Origin of the Manhattan Project Its roots lay in a letter Albert Einstein sent to President Franklin Roosevelt. On August 2, 1939, Einstein sent a letter to the US President stating the Germans were trying to enrich uranium 235. This process would allow them to build an atomic bomb. This led to Roosevelt’s decision to create the Manhattan Project. To purify the uranium, a research center was set up in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Some of the scientists that figured in this process were Harold Urey and Ernest Lawrence. Testing and the Aftermath Throughout the development and history of the atomic bomb, over $2 billion was spent on the project. Besides Oppenheimer, Peleris and Teller, other scientists participated. These included David Bohm, Leo Szilard, Neils Bohr and Eugene Wigner. Otto Frisch, Felix Bloch, Emilio Segre, James Franck, Klaus Fuchs and Enrico Fermi also took part in the Manhattan Project. The headquarters was in Los Alamos. The project spanned the whole of World War II. The testing day came on July 16, 1945. The gadget (as it was known) was detonated at exactly 5:29, July 16, 1945. The location was the Jemez Mountains in northern New Mexico. The bright light became orange and then turned into a reddish color. Moving upwards at 360 ft per second, the mushroom cloud appeared at 30,000 feet. Records on the history of the atomic bomb show radioactive glass was created on the ground were it exploded. The explosion was so bright a blind person saw the flash...
Who Invented the iPod?

Who Invented the iPod?

Ipod is one of the most popular product lines of portable media players introduced by Apple Inc. on October 23rd in 2001. Some of the models included in the product line are the Classic, Touch, Shuffle as well as the Nano. This media player has the capacity to store, play and organize audio as well as video files. Additionally, it can play different audio formats such as Protected AAC, MP3 and WAV. The items in the product line have various hardware like microcontroller, audio chip, storage medium and batteries. To learn more about this media player, it is best to start with identifying the people behind the development of the merchandise. History Who invented the Ipod? The product line was developed by the members of a special team assigned by Apple Inc. CEO Steve Jobs. The team was consisted of hardware engineering senior vice president Jon Rubistein, design senior vice president Jonathan Ive, engineer Tony Fadell, engineer Michael Dhuey as well as Steve Jobs. The name of the product line was invented by freelance copywriter Vinnie Chieco. The company also acknowledged British inventor Kane Kramer in the development of the idea for the creation of Ipod. Additional Information and Other Important Details Some models of iPod can store photos with any of these media formats, PNG, TIFF, GIF and BMP. Other products in the line can store and play files with the MPEG-4 format. The media players included in the line are compatible with Microsoft Windows as well as MAC OS. The products can also be connected to a personal computer or laptop. Consumers can also transfer files from laptops or computers to the media players and vice versa. To make the products more attractive and easy to use,...
Who Invented the Potato Clock?

Who Invented the Potato Clock?...

In these environmentally-conscious times, everyone’s been looking towards developing alternative sources of energy, from solar power to geothermal energy. On a much smaller scale, it has been proven that energy can also be drawn from the most unlikely of sources: a potato. The Potato Clock was invented in 1983 by one William A. Borst. The impetus for this unassuming but clever gadget started rather innocently, when Borst was assisting his stepdaughter on a science project. He was reminded of a physics demonstration that he had witnessed in high school, in which a battery was created by affixing 2 metal prods into a potato. Borst thought of replicating that experiment, but with the addition of an electric-powered device which could run on the small charge of energy that the potato battery would generate. Borst settled on a digital clock, but he realized that it would require a greater amount of energy than just one potato battery can generate in order to function. So to amplify the charge to be delivered to the clock, he decided to connect 2 potatoes in sequence. The move proved conclusive, and he was indeed able to power a digital clock by drawing electricity from a couple of potatoes. A further experiment was then made to find out how long the potato-powered clock would operate. The time-duration test was conducted in an auto-repair shop that Borst had co-owned at the time. A customer happened to walk into the shop and asked about the curious device that was being tested. As it turns out, the customer was working for the local newspaper, which would then run an article about Borst’s invention. Eventually, word about the potato clock would spread, and what started as a modest school project...
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