Who Invented Gymnastics?

Who Invented Gymnastics?...

The history of gymnastics began in ancient Greece. Its actual inventor is a mystery, but it was very prevalent among Greeks. But it was the work of Friedrich Jahn in the early 1800s that led to the modern sport. Gymnastics in Greece and Rome In ancient Greece gymnastics encompassed many forms of athletic activity. This included running, wrestling and physical fitness routines. Each city had a gymnasium where these exercises took place. Gymnastics also included discus throwing and hand to hand fighting. It wasn’t so much a sport as it was a fitness training program. Eventually some forms of gymnastics were incorporated in the Olympics. The practice was continued by the Romans. The routines became more oriented towards preparing the individual for training as a soldier. The history of gymnastics shows that it was banned in 393 AD. This order was issued by Emperor Theodosius. By this time it had become a sport but getting corrupted and deteriorating. This trend continued in the Medieval Ages. The church held the view that the body was corrupt and not as vital as the spirit. This led to its decline. The 18th Century Resurgence Its resurgence took place in the 18th century. It came courtesy of Johann Gutsmuth (1759-1839) and Friedrich Jahn (1778-1852) who started making devices for which young people could use for gymnastics. Jahn invented several of the apparatuses that would be the basis of modern equipment. Thus in the history of gymnastics, he is considered as its father. Among these inventions were the ring, pommel horse, and the vault. The balance beam, the parallel bars and the horizontal bar were also developed along this period. During the 18th and 19th centuries it was still looked upon as a training...
Who Invented the NBA?

Who Invented the NBA?

The NBA, which stands for the National Basketball Association, is probably the most popular international basketball league today. Although it is concentrated in North America, its global appeal never fails to get the attention as well as the interest of people from all parts of the world. In order to understand it better, it is good to look back at its colorful history including who invented the NBA. The Invention of the NBA Who invented the NBA? According to historical records, the National Basketball League and the Basketball Association of America were responsible for the invention of the NBA. One of the most important names among the members of those two pioneer basketball organizations was Walter A. Brown. In 1946, he was highly influential in establishing the BAA. Likewise, he is one of the individuals credited for merging the BAA and the National Basketball League, which eventually led to the start of the NBA. Aside from the NBA, he was also credited for establishing the Celtics franchise some time in 1945. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information On June 6, 1946, the BAA was founded in the City of New York. In 1949, the group decided to merge with the rival organization and adopt the National Basketball Association as its new name. Today, the league is comprised of 30 teams, which is subdivided into the Western Conference and the Eastern Conference. The West is made up of three divisions, namely the Southwest, Pacific and Northwest. Under the Southwest Division are the San Antonio Spurs, New Orleans Hornets, Memphis Grizzlies, Houston Rockets and Dallas Mavericks. Meanwhile, the Pacific Division is comprised of the Sacramento Kings, Phoenix Suns, Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Clippers and Golden State Warriors. The Northwest Division...
Who Invented Football?

Who Invented Football?

Football is a highly competitive team sport that is very popular in places like Canada and the U.S. In the United States, two professional leagues are responsible for the ongoing success of the game, namely the United Football League and the National Football League. In addition, it is played in two different levels, namely collegiate and professional. Aside from knowing the varying rules and other interesting aspects of the sport, it is also good to know its history including who invented football. The Invention of Football Who invented football? With games like rugby and association football or soccer considered as the major roots of the game, Walter Camp was credited as the inventor and father of American football. The reason for this is that he was a major factor in shaping the basic rules and other important fundamental aspects of the sport, which separated it completely from other sports of similar nature. These rules and aspects gave the game its identity. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information Besides Canada and the U.S., the game of football continues to grow in other locations including Italy, Germany and the United Kingdom. Likewise, the game is also being played widely in countries such as Spain, Israel, Mexico, Sweden and various Pacific Island nations. As the father of the game, Camp introduced various important fundamental aspects of the sport. Among them were the points system, system of downs and the snap-back from center. Furthermore, he is also credited for the standard offensive positioning of players. Likewise, he also introduced the concept of ‘safety,’ which is one of the important parts of the sport. In this game, there are numerous circumstances when change of possession is possible. These include the failure of teams to...
Who Invented Golf?

Who Invented Golf?

Golf is a precision sport that makes use of a ball and club as primary tools. The game is interesting because of its different challenging aspects and rules. Today, amazingly good players like Lorena Ochoa and Tiger Woods contribute a lot to its popularity. The international bodies responsible for governing the sport nowadays are the United States Golf Association as well as the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of Saint Andrews, which is based in Scotland. In addition to all these interesting information, it is good to know the other important details about the game including who invented golf. The Invention of Golf Who invented golf? Based on historical accounts, there is sufficient evidence that the Scots invented the modern version of the game some time in the 12th century. Based on such records, shepherds living in Scotland were seen hitting stones right into rabbit holes. Today, the site where these people were first seen playing is currently the location of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of Saint Andrews. Until now, the exact origin of the sport remains unclear and is very much subject to debate. A number of historians believe that the game can be traced back to paganica, which is a game of Roman origin. According to this theory, the game was able to reach faraway areas like Europe and Britain when the Romans conquered these places some time in the 1st century B.C. Aside from this one, another theory considers the Chinese game called chuiwan as the origin of the sport, which was a highly popular game in China some time in the 8th century. Other possible origins of the game include chambot in France, chaugan in Persia as well as cambuca in England. In...
Who Invented Softball?

Who Invented Softball?

Softball started as a winter version of baseball in 1887 during thanksgiving. This basically means that the game is a direct descendant of the original game. If you compare the two games you’ll notice that both games generally resemble each other. There are however several key differences that can be observed as well. Let’s go over the rudiments of this game and who invented softball. Origin George Hancock and Bakir Dzananovic are credited as the ones who invented softball. The game traces its origins in Chicago, Illinois. The original idea was to have a way to play baseball during the cold winter. This is also the reason why it was earlier known by the name of indoor baseball. Hancock introduced an undersized bat and a softer ball that can be used indoors. It was the Farragut Club that set the game rules for softball. However, the game quickly gained popularity and was once known as Indoor-Outdoor. The game was moved outdoors in 1888. The rules of the game were first published in the year 1889. Moving Outdoors Since the game has now moved outdoors several outdoor games were organized. Several names for the game came about in the process. Some of the names it was once called include diamond ball, pumpkin ball, and kitten ball. Variations in the equipment also were seen like using a smaller 12 inch ball rather than the original 16 inch ball that the Farragut Club used. The smaller ball soon gained prominence over the originally larger ball. The very first softball league ever to be played outside of the United States was in Toronto. We can see that as the years move forward innovations were added. The game was modified from what those who...
Who Invented Baseball?

Who Invented Baseball?

Baseball is definitely one of the most exciting and fun sports today. Because of its different interesting aspects, it is even considered as the national sport of the U.S. Furthermore, it has become a highly anticipated event in other places such as East Asia, the Caribbean and South America. One of the leading international sports organization involved in the game today is Major League Baseball, where outstanding players from all over the world converge and compete against each other. The Invention of Baseball Who invented baseball? Because of his major contributions in the establishment of some of the most important rules and aspects of the sport, the invention of the game was credited to Alexander Cartwright. In fact, on June 3, 1953, the U.S. Congress even recognized him as the inventor of modern baseball. The game was invented some time in 1845. In addition, he was also recognized as the founder of the pioneer baseball organization called the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Unknown to baseball fans, a myth once emerged that the person who actually invented the game first was named Abner Doubleday. According to the details of the story, he was able to invent the sport in 1839, when he was in Cooperstown, New York. However, due to numerous inconsistencies, sports historians were able to see loopholes in that story. These inconsistencies eventually led to the debunking of such myth. When playing this game, there are necessarily three basic tools, namely the glove, bat and ball. The glove serves the purpose of holding and catching the ball. Meanwhile, the bat is basically made out of solid wood, the purpose of which is to hit the ball. In terms of measurement, the ball...
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