Who Invented Softball?

Who Invented Softball?

Softball started as a winter version of baseball in 1887 during thanksgiving. This basically means that the game is a direct descendant of the original game. If you compare the two games you’ll notice that both games generally resemble each other. There are however several key differences that can be observed as well. Let’s go over the rudiments of this game and who invented softball. Origin George Hancock and Bakir Dzananovic are credited as the ones who invented softball. The game traces its origins in Chicago, Illinois. The original idea was to have a way to play baseball during the cold winter. This is also the reason why it was earlier known by the name of indoor baseball. Hancock introduced an undersized bat and a softer ball that can be used indoors. It was the Farragut Club that set the game rules for softball. However, the game quickly gained popularity and was once known as Indoor-Outdoor. The game was moved outdoors in 1888. The rules of the game were first published in the year 1889. Moving Outdoors Since the game has now moved outdoors several outdoor games were organized. Several names for the game came about in the process. Some of the names it was once called include diamond ball, pumpkin ball, and kitten ball. Variations in the equipment also were seen like using a smaller 12 inch ball rather than the original 16 inch ball that the Farragut Club used. The smaller ball soon gained prominence over the originally larger ball. The very first softball league ever to be played outside of the United States was in Toronto. We can see that as the years move forward innovations were added. The game was modified from what those who...
Who Invented Hockey?

Who Invented Hockey?

Based on the history of hockey, James Creighton of McGill University in Canada invented the rules in 1875. However the rules he set up were for the modern ice hockey game. The basic concept of the sport has been around for thousands of years. Possible Origins of Hockey Archaeologists have determined that a hockey type game was being played in ancient Egypt 2,000 years ago. Much of the evidence was found in the village of Beni Hasan. There, archaeologists found a depiction on the tomb of Kheti. Two men were illustrated holding curved sticks with a ball between them. Studies on the early history of hockey also prove that Hellenistic civilizations played a similar game called Keritizin. The game looked very similar to field hockey. There are also records showing the Romans playing a sport called paganica. It revolved around a ball and sticks. Variations of the stick and ball game have been found in other civilizations as well. The Persian, Aztec, Arabian and Ethiopians all played a game like field hockey. Given this fact, it may prove impossible to determine the sport’s rue origin. The Medieval Age The Medieval Age produced other hockey like games. The Scots played a game called shinty and the French termed it crosse. The Irish developed a game called hurling and it bore resemblance to hockey. While the history of hockey is old, the word first appeared in 1527. The French used the word hoquet to refer to the curved stick. The word hockie also appeared in Ireland Statues. In fact historians assert that the modern game started in Ireland. Field hockey also became popular in England during the 1600 to 1700s. The game proved so popular that entire villages would hold tournaments....
Who Invented Gymnastics?

Who Invented Gymnastics?...

The history of gymnastics began in ancient Greece. Its actual inventor is a mystery, but it was very prevalent among Greeks. But it was the work of Friedrich Jahn in the early 1800s that led to the modern sport. Gymnastics in Greece and Rome In ancient Greece gymnastics encompassed many forms of athletic activity. This included running, wrestling and physical fitness routines. Each city had a gymnasium where these exercises took place. Gymnastics also included discus throwing and hand to hand fighting. It wasn’t so much a sport as it was a fitness training program. Eventually some forms of gymnastics were incorporated in the Olympics. The practice was continued by the Romans. The routines became more oriented towards preparing the individual for training as a soldier. The history of gymnastics shows that it was banned in 393 AD. This order was issued by Emperor Theodosius. By this time it had become a sport but getting corrupted and deteriorating. This trend continued in the Medieval Ages. The church held the view that the body was corrupt and not as vital as the spirit. This led to its decline. The 18th Century Resurgence Its resurgence took place in the 18th century. It came courtesy of Johann Gutsmuth (1759-1839) and Friedrich Jahn (1778-1852) who started making devices for which young people could use for gymnastics. Jahn invented several of the apparatuses that would be the basis of modern equipment. Thus in the history of gymnastics, he is considered as its father. Among these inventions were the ring, pommel horse, and the vault. The balance beam, the parallel bars and the horizontal bar were also developed along this period. During the 18th and 19th centuries it was still looked upon as a training...
Who Invented Chess?

Who Invented Chess?

Chess is one the most complex things that man has ever made. It is said that the number of combination of moves possible in chess far outnumber the number of stars in the universe. It may be an easy game to learn but it is hardly arguable that it is a game that only gifted people with years of practice can master. With the game’s complexity, one would really wonder who invented chess since it is very much apparent that it is a cut miles above other board games and past times that appeared across the history of man. To answer who invented chess, one must travel through its history to know its development. The earliest form of chess appeared in India in the sixth century B.C. It is why one could consider the Indians to be the people who invented chess since its history started in India. This does not mean that this early form of chess was near to the one we play today however. In fact, one can see that it is nowhere near close just by learning that the earliest form of chess is played by four players. This early form however, introduced the different pieces that correspond to different ranks which makes it a clear ancestor of the modern chess. From India, the said prototype of chess reached Persia, which is modern-day Iran. It is where the chess terms check and checkmate originated from as the Persians greatly modified the game, making it closer to what we are playing today. The Persians may not be candidates for being the people who invented chess but nevertheless, they contributed greatly to its development by modifying the game and by being a transit point through which chess...
Who Invented Ice Skating?

Who Invented Ice Skating?...

The history of ice skating began 4,000 years ago in Finland. The earliest skates were strapped on the feet and people glided along. Who invented it, and for what purpose is unknown. Its later history, however, is well known. Evolution of the Ice Skates It was around the 13th century when steel blades were incorporated into the skates. This allowed the skate to cut through the ice. Some historians in fact assert that its proper history started in 14th century Europe. Aside from the steel blades, the lower parts were sharpened. It’s still not clear as to who came up with these innovations. In any event, the history of ice skating indicate that skates became widely used. Both royals and common folk found the idea of rolling on skates enjoyable as a sport. One account states that King James II popularized the sport. He was on a visit to the Netherlands when he saw people ice skating. Ice Skating Becomes Popular By the start of the Renaissance, ice skating had spread throughout the continent. Several artworks from the period show people on skates. During this time, icing rinks began appearing. Emperor Rudolf II had a rink specially built for him. Other royals who enjoyed the sport were French king Louis XVI and Napoleon III. As the history of ice skating evolved in Europe, the Stuart family also became enamored with the activity. In certain parts of Europe, the activity was restricted to the aristocrats or royalty. But eventually ice skating reached down to the masses. Without question, this development was crucial in spreading the popularity of ice skating as a whole. By the late 1500s, ice skating had become well known throughout the continent. In 1642, the Skating Club...
Who Invented the NBA?

Who Invented the NBA?

The NBA, which stands for the National Basketball Association, is probably the most popular international basketball league today. Although it is concentrated in North America, its global appeal never fails to get the attention as well as the interest of people from all parts of the world. In order to understand it better, it is good to look back at its colorful history including who invented the NBA. The Invention of the NBA Who invented the NBA? According to historical records, the National Basketball League and the Basketball Association of America were responsible for the invention of the NBA. One of the most important names among the members of those two pioneer basketball organizations was Walter A. Brown. In 1946, he was highly influential in establishing the BAA. Likewise, he is one of the individuals credited for merging the BAA and the National Basketball League, which eventually led to the start of the NBA. Aside from the NBA, he was also credited for establishing the Celtics franchise some time in 1945. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information On June 6, 1946, the BAA was founded in the City of New York. In 1949, the group decided to merge with the rival organization and adopt the National Basketball Association as its new name. Today, the league is comprised of 30 teams, which is subdivided into the Western Conference and the Eastern Conference. The West is made up of three divisions, namely the Southwest, Pacific and Northwest. Under the Southwest Division are the San Antonio Spurs, New Orleans Hornets, Memphis Grizzlies, Houston Rockets and Dallas Mavericks. Meanwhile, the Pacific Division is comprised of the Sacramento Kings, Phoenix Suns, Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Clippers and Golden State Warriors. The Northwest Division...
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