Who Invented the Nobel Prize?

Who Invented the Nobel Prize?...

The Nobel Prize is an international prize awarded to individuals who have exemplary contributions to medicine or physiology, peace, literature, chemistry as well as physics. The award is presented by different educational institutions including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Karolinska Institutet. The prizes, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, are given at the yearly Prize Award Ceremony at Stockholm in Sweden every December 10. On the other hand, the Nobel Peace Prize is given at Oslo in Norway. To know more about the awards, let us start with knowing the history of the prestigious international prize. History Who invented the Nobel Prize? Outstanding Swedish chemist and high explosive dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel created the Nobel Prize. The awards were cited in his 1895 final will. In the will, Nobel detailed that 31 million Swedish Konor and 94 per cent of his assets would be allotted for the development of a fund. He intended to use the fund to recognize the outstanding contributions of five individuals annually to international peace and different fields including chemistry, physics and medicine. The final will was not finished so it took several years before the Nobel Prize was founded. The award was established in 1900 and the first set of awardees were recognized on December 10, 1901. Additional Information and Other Important Details For the nomination as well as selection of awardees, the award giving body assigned members of different committees to do the tasks. For instance, awardees for the prizes in economics, chemistry and physics are selected by the chosen members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Literary awardees are chosen by the elected committee members of the Swedish Academy. The recipients of the Prize in Medicine or Physiology...
Who Invented Giving Someone the Finger?

Who Invented Giving Someone the Finger?...

We tend to take it for granted that the act of giving someone the finger is a contemporary obscene hand gesture. The strange fact of it is that this non-verbal way of telling people to “stick it where the sun don’t shine” has been practiced ever since ancient times! The name of the actual person who invented giving someone the finger may well be lost to the mists of time. But believe it or not, this offensive gesticulation has been named in ancient Roman texts as the “digitus impudicus” or “impudent finger,” and ancient Greek comedy has used the act of raising one’s middle finger as an insult. This is particularly mentioned in the comedy “The Clouds” by the Greek playwright Aristophanes. Even weirder is the superstitious belief in the first-century Mediterranean world wherein the middle finger is not an insulting gesture, but as a means of warding off the effects of a much more ominous hand signal, the “evil eye.” Giving someone the finger may well be the universally-recognized symbol of disrespect used as far across the globe as countries like India, Pakistan and other South Asian nations. But other cultures have also had their own variations on this vulgar act. For instance, the British version of the finger is to raise two, the middle and the index finger. The origins of this variant is actually not so much obscene, though still meant as an insult. This was back in medieval times when Britain was at war with France. Captured British archers would be punished by having their middle and index fingers cut off so that wouldn’t be able to pull the strings of their bows. So archers who’ve managed to evade capture would taunt their foes by...
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