Who Invented the Peace Sign?

Who Invented the Peace Sign?...

When we talk about the peace sign we would generally recall a circle with three lines inside. You are quite familiar with it if you were a child of the baby boomer generation when its use was quite prevalent. However, it wasn’t originally intended to be used a symbol for peace or a sign of peace. In fact, it wasn’t the first symbol to be used to denote peace. Creation of the Peace Sign A British artist by the name of Gerald Holtom is credited for creating the three-lined circle for peace. It wasn’t originally designed as a worldwide symbol for peace but was meant for another purpose. It was originally created for the nuclear disarmament movement in Britain. Holtom completed his design on February 21, 1958. It was used in a march conducted on April fourth of that same year. The march started from Trafalgar Square in London all the way to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment. The Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War commissioned the creation of this symbol. Adoption and Later Use Gerald Holtom’s design was later adopted for other purposes. It was first adopted for quite similar purposes and movements. However, as it became a really popular symbol it was also adopted by other movements as well. It was later used for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Later on during the anti-war movement of the 1960’s, Holtom’s symbol was also put to use. After that, it was later used by what was then the popular counterculture. Even Gerald Holtom would never have guessed that his design would cross oceanic borders or would be put to use for other purposes as well. His design came to the United States in the year 1958. A pacifist protester...
Who Invented Sign Language?

Who Invented Sign Language?...

No one can really pinpoint who invented sign language. According to history, there is no particular known creator of the sign language. Rather, it was more a mixture of various cultures from different countries that had influenced the emergence and promulgation of the sign language through the years. The Early Cavemen Years But then, if you would think about it, early cavemen years may have been the starting point of this particular language. Our forefathers may be given the credit as the first ones who invented sign language from their use of hand gestures and facial expressions to express what they want to say. Grunts and sighs were also used to further convey the meaning of their non-verbal statements. The Contributions of France But in was in 1620 that sign language became more useful and easy to use. This was when Juan Pablo de Bonet made the first sign language book to teach deaf people which was based in an earlier work by an Italian physician named Girolamo Cardano who was known to have created a particular code for teaching deaf people. In the pages of this book , you would see a manual alphabet system which anyone can use easily. There were photos of hands forming shapes to represent the different speech sounds to be learned. In the year 1755, the first free public school was built for teaching the deaf. This was founded by Abbe Charles Michel de L’Epee in Paris. The school used a particular system for its sign language that was actually a mixture of variations from L’Epee’s observations of the deaf children who attended the school. From this, the founder was able to create a certain standard for the language which included hand signs,...
Who Invented the Nobel Prize?

Who Invented the Nobel Prize?...

The Nobel Prize is an international prize awarded to individuals who have exemplary contributions to medicine or physiology, peace, literature, chemistry as well as physics. The award is presented by different educational institutions including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Karolinska Institutet. The prizes, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, are given at the yearly Prize Award Ceremony at Stockholm in Sweden every December 10. On the other hand, the Nobel Peace Prize is given at Oslo in Norway. To know more about the awards, let us start with knowing the history of the prestigious international prize. History Who invented the Nobel Prize? Outstanding Swedish chemist and high explosive dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel created the Nobel Prize. The awards were cited in his 1895 final will. In the will, Nobel detailed that 31 million Swedish Konor and 94 per cent of his assets would be allotted for the development of a fund. He intended to use the fund to recognize the outstanding contributions of five individuals annually to international peace and different fields including chemistry, physics and medicine. The final will was not finished so it took several years before the Nobel Prize was founded. The award was established in 1900 and the first set of awardees were recognized on December 10, 1901. Additional Information and Other Important Details For the nomination as well as selection of awardees, the award giving body assigned members of different committees to do the tasks. For instance, awardees for the prizes in economics, chemistry and physics are selected by the chosen members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Literary awardees are chosen by the elected committee members of the Swedish Academy. The recipients of the Prize in Medicine or Physiology...
Who Invented the Assembly Line?

Who Invented the Assembly Line?...

An assembly line refers to a special and efficient manufacturing process that was invented to promote the addition of parts of a certain product in a sequential and organized manner. Most capitalists and financiers use this process because it is faster and more effective than the typical handcrafting-type methods. However, sociologists oppose the implementation of this process in factories because it promotes boredom and social alienation. Before assessing the effects of this manufacturing process, it is best to look at the history behind the invention of the assembly line. Historical Background Who invented the assembly line? The manufacturing process was invented by Ransom E. Olds in 1901. He invented the process as a response to the improving demands for horseless carriages at this time. When he implemented the process in his factory, he was able to enhance the production of the factory to 425 cars in 1901 and 2,500 the following year. The process was popularized by Ford Motor Company in 1908. The company implemented the technique for the production of Ford Model T. The firm found the process more cost efficient since it uses machines to help in the production of the automobile. In addition to this, the company also found that the occurrence of industrial accidents were lessened since it implemented the process because workers specialized in a particular task. Additional Information and Other Important Details The main purpose for implementing the assembly line is to make the production of a particular product faster. In the case of Ford Motor Company, it can produced three to five automobiles in an hour with the use of this concept. In order to understand the benefits from the process, let us compare the production rate of an automobile company that...
Who Invented the Umbrella?

Who Invented the Umbrella?...

The long history of the umbrella makes it impossible to determine who invented it first. But there is strong evidence indicating the device has been used by many ancient cultures and civilizations. Ancient Middle East The word parasol was synonymous with umbrella during its early history. Archaeologists have discovered bas relief in Nineveh showing he parasol. It is held by a servant over the head of the king to protect him from the sun’s heat. Except for the connecting curtain, it looks a lot like the modern day umbrella. The Persians also employed the umbrella. Several sculptures have been unearthed showing attendants holding an umbrella over the king. The history of the umbrella goes back as far as ancient Egypt. The umbrella there assumed the form of a flagellum. This was a fan made up of palm leaves fastened on a long stick. Ancient Greece and Rome In 5th century Greece, the umbrella was frequently used by women. It wasn’t just used to shield them from heat; it was also a fashion accessory. Aristophanes notes that the umbrella (called skiadeion) could be opened and closed. Male Greeks rarely used the umbrella as it was seen as a female fashion accessory. It also had some religious significance as it was utilized in Dionysian rites. Roman writers like Ovid made frequent mention of the parasol. Even at this stage in the history of the umbrella, it was still used mainly by women. However it was employed mostly for fashion rather than protection from rain or heat. The Umbrella in Asia The umbrella was widely used in ancient China. There is evidence that umbrellas was had existed by 21 AD. The Chinese historians and writers at the time stated it was used...
Who Invented Giving Someone the Finger?

Who Invented Giving Someone the Finger?...

We tend to take it for granted that the act of giving someone the finger is a contemporary obscene hand gesture. The strange fact of it is that this non-verbal way of telling people to “stick it where the sun don’t shine” has been practiced ever since ancient times! The name of the actual person who invented giving someone the finger may well be lost to the mists of time. But believe it or not, this offensive gesticulation has been named in ancient Roman texts as the “digitus impudicus” or “impudent finger,” and ancient Greek comedy has used the act of raising one’s middle finger as an insult. This is particularly mentioned in the comedy “The Clouds” by the Greek playwright Aristophanes. Even weirder is the superstitious belief in the first-century Mediterranean world wherein the middle finger is not an insulting gesture, but as a means of warding off the effects of a much more ominous hand signal, the “evil eye.” Giving someone the finger may well be the universally-recognized symbol of disrespect used as far across the globe as countries like India, Pakistan and other South Asian nations. But other cultures have also had their own variations on this vulgar act. For instance, the British version of the finger is to raise two, the middle and the index finger. The origins of this variant is actually not so much obscene, though still meant as an insult. This was back in medieval times when Britain was at war with France. Captured British archers would be punished by having their middle and index fingers cut off so that wouldn’t be able to pull the strings of their bows. So archers who’ve managed to evade capture would taunt their foes by...
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