Who Invented Paper Money?

Who Invented Paper Money?...

The use of paper money is one thing that most of us take for granted. That is to be expected of course since everything that we do in our daily lives involve, in one way or another, the use of paper money. This is why it is hard to imagine a time when money exclusively refers to coins since the use of paper as a form of currency came in a much, much later era. This makes the question of who invented paper money an unlikely query in most people’s mind. But with its importance, it is definitely a good thing to know who invented paper money. Who invented paper money? This is not a simple question to answer as paper money is unlike other tools that came to be thanks to an inventor who designed and made them first. This is because the use of paper money is not pioneered by a single individual. Rather, the use of paper money was first used by a group of people who realized that using coins was cumbersome since accumulating great amounts of it will provide one with difficulties, particularly with transporting the huge amounts from place to place. So who are this people who invented paper money? The pioneering use of paper money is widely credited to the Chinese, who used it around 650 AD. Asking who invented paper money will also inevitably lead one to another important question: why? The use of paper money began when people decided to deposit their large sums of money (which were all in coins) in vaults owned by enterprising individuals who make a profit safeguarding other people’s riches. In return, depositors get promissory notes from these enterprising individuals indicating the amount of money...
Who Invented the Assembly Line?

Who Invented the Assembly Line?...

An assembly line refers to a special and efficient manufacturing process that was invented to promote the addition of parts of a certain product in a sequential and organized manner. Most capitalists and financiers use this process because it is faster and more effective than the typical handcrafting-type methods. However, sociologists oppose the implementation of this process in factories because it promotes boredom and social alienation. Before assessing the effects of this manufacturing process, it is best to look at the history behind the invention of the assembly line. Historical Background Who invented the assembly line? The manufacturing process was invented by Ransom E. Olds in 1901. He invented the process as a response to the improving demands for horseless carriages at this time. When he implemented the process in his factory, he was able to enhance the production of the factory to 425 cars in 1901 and 2,500 the following year. The process was popularized by Ford Motor Company in 1908. The company implemented the technique for the production of Ford Model T. The firm found the process more cost efficient since it uses machines to help in the production of the automobile. In addition to this, the company also found that the occurrence of industrial accidents were lessened since it implemented the process because workers specialized in a particular task. Additional Information and Other Important Details The main purpose for implementing the assembly line is to make the production of a particular product faster. In the case of Ford Motor Company, it can produced three to five automobiles in an hour with the use of this concept. In order to understand the benefits from the process, let us compare the production rate of an automobile company that...
Who Invented the Umbrella?

Who Invented the Umbrella?...

The long history of the umbrella makes it impossible to determine who invented it first. But there is strong evidence indicating the device has been used by many ancient cultures and civilizations. Ancient Middle East The word parasol was synonymous with umbrella during its early history. Archaeologists have discovered bas relief in Nineveh showing he parasol. It is held by a servant over the head of the king to protect him from the sun’s heat. Except for the connecting curtain, it looks a lot like the modern day umbrella. The Persians also employed the umbrella. Several sculptures have been unearthed showing attendants holding an umbrella over the king. The history of the umbrella goes back as far as ancient Egypt. The umbrella there assumed the form of a flagellum. This was a fan made up of palm leaves fastened on a long stick. Ancient Greece and Rome In 5th century Greece, the umbrella was frequently used by women. It wasn’t just used to shield them from heat; it was also a fashion accessory. Aristophanes notes that the umbrella (called skiadeion) could be opened and closed. Male Greeks rarely used the umbrella as it was seen as a female fashion accessory. It also had some religious significance as it was utilized in Dionysian rites. Roman writers like Ovid made frequent mention of the parasol. Even at this stage in the history of the umbrella, it was still used mainly by women. However it was employed mostly for fashion rather than protection from rain or heat. The Umbrella in Asia The umbrella was widely used in ancient China. There is evidence that umbrellas was had existed by 21 AD. The Chinese historians and writers at the time stated it was used...
Who Invented Giving Someone the Finger?

Who Invented Giving Someone the Finger?...

We tend to take it for granted that the act of giving someone the finger is a contemporary obscene hand gesture. The strange fact of it is that this non-verbal way of telling people to “stick it where the sun don’t shine” has been practiced ever since ancient times! The name of the actual person who invented giving someone the finger may well be lost to the mists of time. But believe it or not, this offensive gesticulation has been named in ancient Roman texts as the “digitus impudicus” or “impudent finger,” and ancient Greek comedy has used the act of raising one’s middle finger as an insult. This is particularly mentioned in the comedy “The Clouds” by the Greek playwright Aristophanes. Even weirder is the superstitious belief in the first-century Mediterranean world wherein the middle finger is not an insulting gesture, but as a means of warding off the effects of a much more ominous hand signal, the “evil eye.” Giving someone the finger may well be the universally-recognized symbol of disrespect used as far across the globe as countries like India, Pakistan and other South Asian nations. But other cultures have also had their own variations on this vulgar act. For instance, the British version of the finger is to raise two, the middle and the index finger. The origins of this variant is actually not so much obscene, though still meant as an insult. This was back in medieval times when Britain was at war with France. Captured British archers would be punished by having their middle and index fingers cut off so that wouldn’t be able to pull the strings of their bows. So archers who’ve managed to evade capture would taunt their foes by...
Who Invented the Peace Sign?

Who Invented the Peace Sign?...

When we talk about the peace sign we would generally recall a circle with three lines inside. You are quite familiar with it if you were a child of the baby boomer generation when its use was quite prevalent. However, it wasn’t originally intended to be used a symbol for peace or a sign of peace. In fact, it wasn’t the first symbol to be used to denote peace. Creation of the Peace Sign A British artist by the name of Gerald Holtom is credited for creating the three-lined circle for peace. It wasn’t originally designed as a worldwide symbol for peace but was meant for another purpose. It was originally created for the nuclear disarmament movement in Britain. Holtom completed his design on February 21, 1958. It was used in a march conducted on April fourth of that same year. The march started from Trafalgar Square in London all the way to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment. The Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War commissioned the creation of this symbol. Adoption and Later Use Gerald Holtom’s design was later adopted for other purposes. It was first adopted for quite similar purposes and movements. However, as it became a really popular symbol it was also adopted by other movements as well. It was later used for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Later on during the anti-war movement of the 1960’s, Holtom’s symbol was also put to use. After that, it was later used by what was then the popular counterculture. Even Gerald Holtom would never have guessed that his design would cross oceanic borders or would be put to use for other purposes as well. His design came to the United States in the year 1958. A pacifist protester...
Who Invented New Year’s Resolutions?

Who Invented New Year’s Resolutions?...

Introduction When someone decides to break a habit or start doing something new at the beginning of the year, it is called a New Year’s Resolution. It is generally a commitment or promise that would be good to oneself and/or others. Typical resolutions include the giving up of a harmful habit (e.g. smoking, drinking), starting a diet, becoming more punctual or self-confident and so on. Surveys suggest that people have a very low success rate with their New Year’s Resolutions. But they continue to be practiced. It’s not unusual for the same person to make the same commitment year after year. Invention and History of New Year’s Resolutions Who invented New Year’s Resolutions and where did they begin? Well, people have always associated new years with a fresh start. Even in the most ancient traditions, it was a custom to make improvements at such times. For example, in the Babylonian empire people made promises to do better starting March 23, their new year (spring equinox). One common resolution was to give back something one had borrowed in the past year. In Rome, Janus was the god of the New Year. The month of January was named after him. The New Year began on January 1 according to the Julian Calendar invented by Caesar in 46 BC. Janus had two faces: one looked back on the past and the other into the future. The Romans worshipped him as a symbol of endings and new beginnings. During the holiday, they would do things that would hopefully kick off their year to a good start. They would make up with people they quarreled with and exchange gifts. Out of vanity, the Roman emperors kept on tampering with their calendar until it became...
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