Who Invented the Whoopee Cushion?

Who Invented the Whoopee Cushion?...

Having fun is very easy especially when there are many practical joke devices available such as the whoopee cushion. Also called Razzberry Cushion and poo-poo cushion, this item creates a funny noise that resembles human flatulence or raspberry. You can easily bring this device to any party or special gathering. For sure, you can easily learn the admiration and garner plenty of smiles from other guests with the help of this simple yet very funny device. Aside from these interesting details, it is also good to know something about its history including who invented the whoopee cushion. The Invention of the Whoopee Cushion Who invented the whoopee cushion? Based on historical records, the employees of JEM Rubber Co. invented the device in 1930. Based within the City of Toronto in Ontario, the company’s employees experimented on scrap rubber sheets. After that, the company owner went to the practical jokes inventor named Samuel Adams and asked him about the product. He owned the S. S. Adams Co., a manufacturer of different kinds of novelty products such as the Joy Buzzer. After the initial idea of a whoopee cushion was presented to Adams, he received it negatively. According to him, the idea was too vulgar and that it would not sell. Instead of giving up, JEM Rubber Co. presented the concept to another novelty product manufacturer Johnson Smith Co. It became an instant hit. Because of its success, S. S. Adams Co. copied that idea and created its very own version called the Razzberry Cushion. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information The whoopee cushion is a practical joke device made up of two rubber sheets glued together along the edges. Part of it is a small opening located at one end...
Who Invented Chalk?

Who Invented Chalk?

Your first encounter with chalk might have been in the classroom where you often see your teachers use them to write on a chalkboard. The most familiar form of chalk a lot of people have come familiar with is made of slender sticks around a quarter of an inch thick and about three inches long. You might even have come to wonder who invented chalk. Who Invented Chalk It might come as a disappointment to find out that no one can tell who invented chalk. Chalk is readily found in nature and has been used as a tool for drawing and writing for quite a long time. Drawings that date even to the prehistoric times have been discovered by archaeologists. The earliest chalk writings/drawings have been found in caves. As time went by artists from various countries used chalk to make drawings and sketches. Their work was protected using shellac or any comparable substance. For the convenience of these artists, a major innovation was introduced – chalks shaped into sticks. Even though chalk artists can’t be credited as the ones who invented chalk, their need introduced an innovation that would last for centuries. Making Chalk In the same way we don’t know who invented chalk, we also don’t know who invented the method to make chalk into sticks. What we know is that the method starts by grinding natural chalk into a very fine powdery form. Water is then added along with clay and various color pigments depending on what color of chalk you want to make. The clay actually acts as a binder of some sort. The mixture will initially look something like putty that would be rolled and shaped into cylinders and then would be left to...
Who Invented Aluminum Foil?

Who Invented Aluminum Foil?...

A study of the history of aluminum foil indicates that on April 2, 1889, Charles Martin Hall got a patent for producing the metal. The first rolling plant came out in 1910, called Dr. Lauber, Neher, Cie and Emmishofen. This was in Kreuzlingen, Switzerland. Early History and Origin Before aluminum foil came out, tin foil was used for packing foods and other products. The metal was stiff and could leave an adverse effect on the food. It was in 1825 that aluminum was discovered, courtesy of Hans Christian Oersted. The Danish chemist was the first to show actual samples of the foil. In 1845, the German scientist Friedrich Wohler was able to produce bigger samples. Through his work the basic characteristics of the metal could be discerned. This was a crucial point in the history of aluminum foil. It was in 1854 that the French chemist Henry Deville developed the means for mass producing it. Despite his efforts, foil was still too expensive to be of any practical use. It was not until Hall’s invention that the material became affordable. The patent number of the US inventor was #400,666. In 1888, Hall set up the Pittsburgh Reduction Company. It would become known as the Aluminum Company of America. From $1,200 a kilo in 1852, the cost of aluminum foil had gone down to 18 cents per pound in 1914. Another important inventor was Karl Joseph Bayer. In 1888, the Austrian chemist invented a process so aluminum oxide could be extracted from bauxite. This was another vital chapter in the history of aluminum foil. Today his methodology is still being used. The Lauber Aluminum Rolling Plant The Lauber plant in Switzerland was maintained by J.G. Neher and his sons. Their...
Who Invented the Skyscraper?

Who Invented the Skyscraper?...

Defined as a super tall building that is continuously habitable, a skyscraper is a fascinating invention. The Empire State Building in New York City, the Willis Tower in Chicago and the Taipei 101 in Taiwan are just some of the most impressive skyscrapers ever created. Today, these buildings serve as practical solutions to the increasing scarcity of land worldwide. Aside from these things, it is also good to know the history of these tall buildings including who invented the skyscraper. The Invention of the Skyscraper Who invented the skyscraper? After he created the first ever load-bearing structural frame for the Home Insurance Building within the City of Chicago in Illinois in 1885, it is but right to credit architect William Le Baron Jenney as the Father of American skyscrapers. The ten-storey building was the very first skyscraper in the world. In 1891, American architects Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler designed the Wainwright Building in Saint Louis, Missouri. It was also a ten-storey building. However, many people considered it the first true skyscraper rather than the Home Insurance Building because it was constructed with steel frames. Furthermore, it featured vertical bands, which helped emphasized the building’s height even more. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information After the early skyscrapers were created, fire restrictions and height limits were introduced. In 1895, the American Surety Building was completed in New York. It was the tallest building during that time. In 1930, the Chrysler Building was completed in New York City. In 1931, the Empire State Building, which was comprised of 102 floors, was completed. In 1932, the Boerentoren was constructed in Antwerp, Belgium. It was made up of 26 floors. In 1940, the Torre Piacentini was completed with 31 floors within the...
Who Invented the Sewing Machine?

Who Invented the Sewing Machine?...

Introduction A sewing machine is a machine designed to sew fabric or clothing together. Sewing has been around ever since man decided to wear clothes. The first needles and threads were made from animal parts such as horns, bones and sinews. Iron needles were invented in the 1500s. When the sewing machine was invented, it made mass production of clothes and fabrics much easier and affordable. Early Inventors the Sewing Machine Hand sewing is a slow process. For the clothing and fabric industries, it was also expensive. It meant having to pay more to tailors for work that took very long. So several inventors tried to address the problem by proposing mechanical sewing. In 1790 an Englishman named Thomas Saint was granted a patent for a sewing machine design. But there is no proof that Saint, a cabinet maker, ever built his machine. Later when a prototype was built based on his descriptions, it didn’t work. So he can’t be considered as the one who invented the sewing machine. In 1810, Balthasar Kremps of Germany made an unpatented design for sewing caps, but it was ineffective. Earlier in 1804 two patents were issued to two unsuccessful sewing machine designs: One to James Henderson and Thomas Stone in France, and another to John Duncan of Scotland. Joseph Madersperger of Austria came up with various sewing machine designs in 1814. Even though he got his patent, none of his inventions woked. Four years later in 1818, two Americans, John A. Doge and John Knowles failed in their attempt as well. Invention of the Sewing Machine It wasn’t until 1830 that the first successful sewing machine was invented. Its creator was another Frenchman, Barthelemy Thimonnier. His design had a chain stitch made...
Who Invented Fencing?

Who Invented Fencing?

One of the most favored sports of sport enthusiasts is fencing. There seems to be an abundance of movies, TV shows, and sport events that actually feature and use this sport. Although that is the case, it seems that not a lot of those who like playing or watching this type of sport ever knew who invented fencing. So who invented fencing? Let’s check what history says. Earliest Points in History About 1200 B.C., there is evidence that fencing has been used before. This is supported by carving in the country of Egypt where a couple of masks, weapon protection tips, and judges were known to have existed. Also, during the early times of the Early Greeks and Romans, there are also some evidences that came up. These people were known to have a love for spears and short swords during their time. Also, it was said that during this civilization, chosen warriors learn their skills in schools that were called as ludi. Beginnings of Modern Fencing History says that it was during the fifteenth century when the origins of the modern fencing sport that we know now started to come into being. During the years 1471 and 1474, there were two of the first fencing materials that were published and distributed in Spain to those who are interested to know how to play this sport. During those times, there were also swordplay guilds spreading throughout Europe. In the 1500s, the use of the Rapier became more extensive and widely used by the Italians. The position involved using both hands with different weapons. As such, the person would be seen holding a particular weapon on the right and a small shield (also known as the buckler) on the left....
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