Who Invented the Water Closet?

Who Invented the Water Closet?...

Probably one of the most important inventions for all times, the water closet was first thought to be a brainchild of the British. And one name had stood out the most when it came to who invented the water closet. Thomas Crapper Thomas Crapper was a plumber in London in the 19th century. Though some historians today doubt his credibility as the person who invented the water closet, most of traditional plumbing history still honors him as the first water closet maker. He was said to have set up toilets, especially the U-bend trap he patented, for Queen Victoria. Sir John Harington But earlier on, in 1596, a noted inventor was said to be the man who invented the water closet which he made for special use by his godmother, Queen Elizabeth. It was then a most ridiculous thing to invent, so it was made the joke of the day. Consequently, Sir John Harington set it aside and never built another one. However, he and Queen Elizabeth went on using it for toilet convenience. This is another version of the first water closet maker. Alexander Cummings Some 200 years after Harrington, Alexander Cummings introduced the sliding valve contraption. This expedited waste water transfer from the bowl to the U-trap. This was definitely a breakthrough added on to the original work of the man who invented the water closet, as this version asserts. Samuel Prosser and Joseph Bramah In 1777, the plunger closet was introduced. Another first water closet maker, this time with a patented plunger, was Samuel Prosser. After a year, Joseph Brahma introduced the first ballcock prototype. Ballcock was a hinge placed at the bottom of the toilet bowl. Brahma installed a lot of this in ships and...
Who Invented Silk?

Who Invented Silk?

The Silkworm Legend Silk has its origins in China. According to them, the first person to discover it was the Yellow Emperor’s consort, Hsi Leng Shih in 3,000 BC. One day she sat under a mulberry tree in the royal garden to enjoy her tea. A cocoon fell from above into the hot liquid. When it did the strong silk thread unwound itself. The empress began raising silkworm and also invented the loom. In honor of her discovery, they gave her the title “Silk Goddess.” Archeological Evidence of Silk A recent archeological discovery appears to contradict this legend. It is a cup made from ivory and inscribed with silkworm designs. Along with the cup, they also found silk-making equipment. The items are believed to be about 6,000 to 7,000 years old. This has led experts to believe that silk must have been invented some 10,000 years ago! Excavations in China reveal further evidence of silkworm farming. In 1927 they found part of a cocoon along the Yellow River. It was estimated to be from between 2,500 to 2,300 years BC. Another find was a group of threads, ribbons and other pieces of silk dating as far as back 3,000 BC. These were unearthed in Zhejiang province. Use of Silk Silk was highly prized by the Chinese. At first, only royalty could wear it, notably the Emperor, his chief consort and his heir. Favored colors were white and yellow. Commoners were banned from using it. However people used silk in other ways. They would use it as parts for bow strings, musical instruments and fishing equipment. Silk was even used as currency. Eventually the old laws went lax and everyone could wear silk just like their king. Silk was quite...
Who Invented Shampoo?

Who Invented Shampoo?

Shampoo is a solution and hair care product that is used to remove dirt, oil, skin particles and dandruff from hair. These pollutants build up in hair over time and need to be removed to maintain personal hygiene and well groomed hair. It is necessary to remove these particles from hair without stripping the scalp of sebum which is a natural oil. History Shampoo can be traced as far back as India as it was used by ancient tribes in that time. The English word shampoo is derived from the Hindi word ch?mpo. Its usage dates as far back as 1762. The word ch?mpo refers to the action of massaging the head with hair oil. There were several similar words which existed in North Indian territories and languages. This practise was adopted by Britain through Sake Dean Mahomed, a Bengali entrepreneur. He introduced shampoo and the action of massaging the hair in a vapour bath while working in London. He and his wife later opened a steam vapor and medicated bath. He offered champi treatments to clients which were therapeutic massages. He later became a ‘Shampoo Surgeon’ to William IV and George IV. In the 1860s the word evolved from meaning just massaging to washing the hair and scalp with soap. Before then regular soap was used to wash hair but because of the thick film of residue left behind, and its properties of leaving hair dry, unhealthy looking and irritated it was rarely practised. Invention Shampooing was honed by several English hair stylists who shaved soap and added herbs and made it into a concoction. The herbs were added to give hair fragrance and shine. Kasey Herbert is one of the first known inventors of shampoo. He is...
Who Invented the Chia Pet?

Who Invented the Chia Pet?...

Chia pet is a popular brand name of animal figurines that could be collected. The merchandises originated in San Francisco, California. The animals portrayed by the products are the ones that can be seen in Mexico. The products are called chia pet because these are made from chia, a plant species that was cultivated by early people in the country. The products became famous in the 1980s and the early 1990s but the popularity declined in the late 1990s. Making the figurine needs time and dedication from the manufacturer. To learn more about the figurines, let us take a look at the history of the chia pet. History of the Product Who invented the chia pet? The Chia pet was invented by Joseph Enterprises Inc. in 1977. When the product was initially launched to the U.S. commercial market, many consumers became interested in the figurine. The first animal figurine that was created by the firm is a ram. It was called as the chia ram. In the 1980s, other animal figurines were introduced are puppy, bull and kitten. In 1993 year, the company decided to develop figurines of different animals like turtle and bunny. Aside from these, it also offered the herb garden. In the late 1990s to early 2000s, the company created animal figurines of bear and lion cub. Additionally, Joseph Enterprises Inc. introduced figurines of cartoon characters and political personalities. Additional Information and Other Important Details Joseph Enterprises Inc. does not own a trademark or patent for the product, which means that other companies can produce the same item. To prevent others from imitating the figurines, the company made sure that the procedures for making the merchandise would not be revealed to others. However, in the early...
Who Invented the Outhouse?

Who Invented the Outhouse?...

Bowel movement being a basic universal need, it’s easy to imagine how the man who invented the outhouse came up with the idea. But who was the first latrine maker? Prehistoric Times Defecation in ancient times is thought to have been done indiscriminately. Prehistoric men released human waste anywhere in the forest. But soon, as the idea of privacy was beginning to take shape in their minds, they began to do it in isolation in caves. This was the crudest form of an outhouse by the first latrine maker or makers. Some studies estimate this to have happened about the same time when man learned to dress up. But the problem of available space in the latrine caves soon started troubling them. Thus, probably for convenience sake, they started digging holes for the purpose and partly refilling it with earth to make it reusable by others. Then, as refilling reached the level of the ground, they dug another site. As they advanced in living standards, people started living in constructed shelters of wood and thick canvas, and much later, wood and stone. The idea of communities also began to propagate. About that time, caves were too isolated and dangerous to continue serving the defecation needs of the people. The person or persons who invented the outhouse came up with the idea at this time. It Really Started in China The earliest record of a water closet system was in China. A stone toilet bowl with a water system was found to have been used in 206 B.C. Thus, the first latrine maker and the person who invented the outhouse could well have been a Chinese who lived around this time. Outhouses in Europe Some experts estimate that the first...
Who Invented Fencing?

Who Invented Fencing?

One of the most favored sports of sport enthusiasts is fencing. There seems to be an abundance of movies, TV shows, and sport events that actually feature and use this sport. Although that is the case, it seems that not a lot of those who like playing or watching this type of sport ever knew who invented fencing. So who invented fencing? Let’s check what history says. Earliest Points in History About 1200 B.C., there is evidence that fencing has been used before. This is supported by carving in the country of Egypt where a couple of masks, weapon protection tips, and judges were known to have existed. Also, during the early times of the Early Greeks and Romans, there are also some evidences that came up. These people were known to have a love for spears and short swords during their time. Also, it was said that during this civilization, chosen warriors learn their skills in schools that were called as ludi. Beginnings of Modern Fencing History says that it was during the fifteenth century when the origins of the modern fencing sport that we know now started to come into being. During the years 1471 and 1474, there were two of the first fencing materials that were published and distributed in Spain to those who are interested to know how to play this sport. During those times, there were also swordplay guilds spreading throughout Europe. In the 1500s, the use of the Rapier became more extensive and widely used by the Italians. The position involved using both hands with different weapons. As such, the person would be seen holding a particular weapon on the right and a small shield (also known as the buckler) on the left....
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