Who Invented the Outhouse?

Who Invented the Outhouse?...

Bowel movement being a basic universal need, it’s easy to imagine how the man who invented the outhouse came up with the idea. But who was the first latrine maker? Prehistoric Times Defecation in ancient times is thought to have been done indiscriminately. Prehistoric men released human waste anywhere in the forest. But soon, as the idea of privacy was beginning to take shape in their minds, they began to do it in isolation in caves. This was the crudest form of an outhouse by the first latrine maker or makers. Some studies estimate this to have happened about the same time when man learned to dress up. But the problem of available space in the latrine caves soon started troubling them. Thus, probably for convenience sake, they started digging holes for the purpose and partly refilling it with earth to make it reusable by others. Then, as refilling reached the level of the ground, they dug another site. As they advanced in living standards, people started living in constructed shelters of wood and thick canvas, and much later, wood and stone. The idea of communities also began to propagate. About that time, caves were too isolated and dangerous to continue serving the defecation needs of the people. The person or persons who invented the outhouse came up with the idea at this time. It Really Started in China The earliest record of a water closet system was in China. A stone toilet bowl with a water system was found to have been used in 206 B.C. Thus, the first latrine maker and the person who invented the outhouse could well have been a Chinese who lived around this time. Outhouses in Europe Some experts estimate that the first...
Who Invented Fencing?

Who Invented Fencing?

One of the most favored sports of sport enthusiasts is fencing. There seems to be an abundance of movies, TV shows, and sport events that actually feature and use this sport. Although that is the case, it seems that not a lot of those who like playing or watching this type of sport ever knew who invented fencing. So who invented fencing? Let’s check what history says. Earliest Points in History About 1200 B.C., there is evidence that fencing has been used before. This is supported by carving in the country of Egypt where a couple of masks, weapon protection tips, and judges were known to have existed. Also, during the early times of the Early Greeks and Romans, there are also some evidences that came up. These people were known to have a love for spears and short swords during their time. Also, it was said that during this civilization, chosen warriors learn their skills in schools that were called as ludi. Beginnings of Modern Fencing History says that it was during the fifteenth century when the origins of the modern fencing sport that we know now started to come into being. During the years 1471 and 1474, there were two of the first fencing materials that were published and distributed in Spain to those who are interested to know how to play this sport. During those times, there were also swordplay guilds spreading throughout Europe. In the 1500s, the use of the Rapier became more extensive and widely used by the Italians. The position involved using both hands with different weapons. As such, the person would be seen holding a particular weapon on the right and a small shield (also known as the buckler) on the left....
Who Invented the Ironing Board?

Who Invented the Ironing Board?...

After the emergence of the iron, many had lesser predicaments regarding the look and feel of their clothes that they wear. But using the early models of the iron still posed a new problem: Where to iron the clothes? That question seemed to be voiced by a lot of people before a black woman, who invented the ironing board, came to help the people have an easier time to iron clothes. Who is this woman who invented the ironing board? The Known Creator of the Ironing Board During the 19th century, a former slave named Sarah Boone gained a worthy achievement that brought this inventor not only glorious fame and success, but also hostile detractors who didn’t believe in Boone’s invention that much. Nevertheless, this invention of the ironing board was patented, and Boone was said to be among the first African Americans who garnered a patent for a particular useful invention. Its patent (U.S. Patent #473,653) was done in the 26th of April in 1892. Doubts about Boone’s Invention As aforementioned, not everyone actually really accepted Boone’s invention of the ironing board. Some argue that this model was merely an improvement of earlier and existing versions made by others. According to these people, Boone wasn’t the first who invented the board for pressing clothes. However, most people say that these claims may seem to be inaccurate even if there are actual records of a number of early inventions of this product. The Features of the Ironing Board Invented The ironing board that Boone designed and invented had a number of useful features: Those who had seen the patent can see that the design had a curved and narrow design. It was also reversible. And that made it simpler...
Who Invented Aluminum Foil?

Who Invented Aluminum Foil?...

A study of the history of aluminum foil indicates that on April 2, 1889, Charles Martin Hall got a patent for producing the metal. The first rolling plant came out in 1910, called Dr. Lauber, Neher, Cie and Emmishofen. This was in Kreuzlingen, Switzerland. Early History and Origin Before aluminum foil came out, tin foil was used for packing foods and other products. The metal was stiff and could leave an adverse effect on the food. It was in 1825 that aluminum was discovered, courtesy of Hans Christian Oersted. The Danish chemist was the first to show actual samples of the foil. In 1845, the German scientist Friedrich Wohler was able to produce bigger samples. Through his work the basic characteristics of the metal could be discerned. This was a crucial point in the history of aluminum foil. It was in 1854 that the French chemist Henry Deville developed the means for mass producing it. Despite his efforts, foil was still too expensive to be of any practical use. It was not until Hall’s invention that the material became affordable. The patent number of the US inventor was #400,666. In 1888, Hall set up the Pittsburgh Reduction Company. It would become known as the Aluminum Company of America. From $1,200 a kilo in 1852, the cost of aluminum foil had gone down to 18 cents per pound in 1914. Another important inventor was Karl Joseph Bayer. In 1888, the Austrian chemist invented a process so aluminum oxide could be extracted from bauxite. This was another vital chapter in the history of aluminum foil. Today his methodology is still being used. The Lauber Aluminum Rolling Plant The Lauber plant in Switzerland was maintained by J.G. Neher and his sons. Their...
Who Invented Plastic Wrap?

Who Invented Plastic Wrap?...

Plastic wrap is such a common and ordinary thing you can find in every house every day. If you have food left over after a meal it is sometimes quite common to put them in a plate and cover them with this film. The idea is to cover and seal off any food you want to put inside containers in order to keep them fresh. Its invention is credited to Ralph Wiley from Dow Chemical. You will usually get plastic wrap in rolls contained in boxes. Each box usually comes with a cutting edge to make cutting the plastic film a lot easier. Every plastic film sticks to containers like an adhesive sealing food tight. It takes on different names depending on the location. In the United Kingdom, it’s called a cling-film. Some people in the United States call it cling wrap while it is called glad wrap. Invention of the Plastic Wrap The very first sheet of plastic ever used for wrapping anything was called cellophane. It was invented by Jacques Brandenberger, a Swiss chemist, in 1911. It was used as packaging and was quite favored due to the fact that it was transparent. However, it was never used to wrap or seal food. Needless to say, that isn’t the same as the plastic wrap that we use nowadays. The plastic wrap that we are familiar with is used primarily to wrap or cover food. Saran is the very first sheet of plastic to be used to wrap food. Saran or Saran Wrap is a trade name of Dow Chemical. This actually refers to various polymers and monomers that has properties that act like a barrier. Compared to other plastics, this plastic wrap is able to contain aroma...
Who Invented the Water Closet?

Who Invented the Water Closet?...

Probably one of the most important inventions for all times, the water closet was first thought to be a brainchild of the British. And one name had stood out the most when it came to who invented the water closet. Thomas Crapper Thomas Crapper was a plumber in London in the 19th century. Though some historians today doubt his credibility as the person who invented the water closet, most of traditional plumbing history still honors him as the first water closet maker. He was said to have set up toilets, especially the U-bend trap he patented, for Queen Victoria. Sir John Harington But earlier on, in 1596, a noted inventor was said to be the man who invented the water closet which he made for special use by his godmother, Queen Elizabeth. It was then a most ridiculous thing to invent, so it was made the joke of the day. Consequently, Sir John Harington set it aside and never built another one. However, he and Queen Elizabeth went on using it for toilet convenience. This is another version of the first water closet maker. Alexander Cummings Some 200 years after Harrington, Alexander Cummings introduced the sliding valve contraption. This expedited waste water transfer from the bowl to the U-trap. This was definitely a breakthrough added on to the original work of the man who invented the water closet, as this version asserts. Samuel Prosser and Joseph Bramah In 1777, the plunger closet was introduced. Another first water closet maker, this time with a patented plunger, was Samuel Prosser. After a year, Joseph Brahma introduced the first ballcock prototype. Ballcock was a hinge placed at the bottom of the toilet bowl. Brahma installed a lot of this in ships and...
Page 1 of 3123