Who Invented Paper?

Who Invented Paper?

The word “paper” came from the word “papyrus.” Papyrus was a plant abundant in Egypt. However, the acknowledged inventor of paper was a Chinese. So remember, as far as who invented paper is concerned, according to recorded history, the answer is a Chinese. The account below is how paper began. T’sai Lun Of China is the Winner! About 105 A.D. (some say 2000 years ago), there was a man from Lei-Yang, China named T’sai Lun. He was a courtier. He separated the fibers of huge wet mush. Paper is a mixture of pulped wood fibers and cotton or flax. They are pressed together then dried under the sun. That was what he did. That was how paper began. He spread it on a cloth mat framed with bamboo. After the sun had dried up the fiber mixture a new product emerged—paper. Thus, it is a by-product of other materials. But Paper is not Papyrus T’sai Lun may have had competitors in Egypt before for the title of who invented paper. But after careful weighing of facts, it was unanimously decided that he was really the one who invented paper. The papyrus that the Egyptians used was not really paper; it was more the bark of a plant, a raw unprocessed material. Paper, by definition, is a processed material derived from several raw materials. So the first man on earth who came up with the brilliant idea of inventing paper was T’sai Lun. Earlier Records of Writing Materials To be sure, man had been using writing materials long before T’sai Lun invented paper. As in the case of other inventions, he developed other people’s works. Man first wrote on rocks, on cave walls, on wood, on stone tablets or wet...
Who Invented Toilet Paper?

Who Invented Toilet Paper?...

Toilet paper is such a common thing that anyone can see every single day. It is so commonplace that people often take it for granted or even wonder who invented toilet paper. Toilet paper is actually different from facial competition when you compare their composition. It is actually designed to decompose once it reaches a septic tank. This might be its really distinct feature when compared to bathroom tissues and facial tissues. Among the many peoples of the world, the toilet paper takes on various names. Several common names for today’s toilet paper include toilet roll, loo roll, loo paper, dunny paper, dunny roll, toilet tissue, bathroom tissue, and TP. Early Origin Those who wonder who invented toilet paper will be astonished to find out that its origin really dates back to the second century BC. It was already around in China but was used as a padding material or used for wrapping. It is known that it was first used in world history in the 6th century AD. Early Chinese writers made mention of toilet paper in their works as early as 589 AD. Yan Zhitui wrote about it in 589 AD in his works. In 851 AD, it is known that a Muslim traveler traveling to China commented about the people’s cleanliness mentioning the use of paper instead of water. It is recorded that ten million packages of toilet paper was manufactured annually in the Yuan Dynasty. Each package had about a thousand to ten thousand sheets of toilet paper. Another mass production was recorded during the Ming Dynasty. It is found that there were more than 700,000 sheets were manufactured. It was intended for general use within the imperial court. With the said records it is...
Who Invented the Spear?

Who Invented the Spear?

The Spear: A Universal Invention Who invented the spear? Humans can’t claim to be the sole inventor of this weapon. Scientists have found evidence that chimpanzees in Senegal also make them. They would break off tree branches and sharpen the ends with their teeth. Of course it is possible they figured out how from observing people. Another species of ape, the orangutan, learned to make spears after watching humans. Both animal species use their weapons to hunt for food. Archeological Evidence of Spears Among humans, the invention of spears seems to date back to over 400,000 years ago. This could be misleading since wooden spears can’t last much longer for archeologists to discover. It is clear that the Neanderthals used sharp-edged weapons in 300,000 BP. Early humans learned how to harden spears with fire in about 50,000 years later. Use of the Spear in the Ancient World Spears were used quite a lot in the Neolithic Age, Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. It was one of mankind’s oldest weapons. For example, in ancient Mesopotamia, soldiers used short spears for holding in one hand and a shield in the other. The Greeks invented the doru and later the long sarissa for their renowned phalanges battle formation. Alexander the Great and his father Philip won their battles using this strategy. The early Germanic and Celtic tribes also used the spear. They used them in boar hunting and warfare. When they died, Germanic warriors were buried with their spears. The fleur de lys, symbol of royal power, is thought to have been derived from a spear. Religious Symbolism of the Spear The spear was the favored weapon of some ancient gods such as Odin in Norse mythology and Lugh in...
Who Invented Valentines Day?

Who Invented Valentines Day?...

Who Invented Valentine’s Day? Valentine’s Day is celebrated worldwide as lovers’ day. There are different versions of this holiday’s origin depending on who you ask. Some say it was a pagan festival while others honor it in memory of a Christian saint. Here are the accounts. Valentine’s Day As a Roman Festival According to the first story, the Romans invented Valentine’s Day in the 3rd century AD. It was a pastoral holiday in honor of the god Lupercus. In those days, shepherds would take their flocks out to pasture in the outskirts of Rome. There packs of wolves would surround them waiting for stray sheep to prey on. The shepherds believed that their god Lupercus was watching over them, guarding their herds from the wolves. Every year in February they held a festival called Lupercalia to secure the god’s continued favor. Hardly suggests why this would make the Romans the inventors of Valentine’s Day! But a curious detail about the Lupercalia is telling: During the same festival, girls would put their names in a box and boys would draw lots to see who gets paired with whom. The partners would be a couple for the whole year that followed. This practice was held to honor the goddess Juno. Valentine’s Day Becomes a Christian Festival After some time, Christianity took over the Roman empire. To facilitate the spread of their religion, Christian priests changed the names and meanings of the Roman festivals. To replace Lupercalia, they invented St. Valentine’s Day. Instead of girls’ names in the box, now there were names of Christian saints. Each lad who drew a saint’s name had to devote a whole year to imitating that saint’s life. Undoubtedly this was much less appealing to the...
Who Invented Money?

Who Invented Money?

Since the history of money extends to thousands of years into world history we can never really tell who invented money. By tracing the origin and history of trade we can deduce how money came into use according to the form we are familiar with today. When we say money, most of us would either think of coins or paper money. However, delving into its origins, we will see that money wasn’t always made of paper or metal. Defining Money When people talk about who invented money and its use they are basically talking about what essentially is a token. Money is actually an abstraction of a thing’s value. Paper currency is the most common form of physical money we all know. However, this wasn’t always the case essentially in the earlier centuries when money was already in existence. Origin and Emergence Money wasn’t always made of paper or coins, which is what is common today. During the earliest days of its use, money was usually a commodity or what we otherwise would call commodity money. People used to barter goods one for another carrying them around or transporting them on ships. The Phoenicians were known to take their commodities on ships making it easy to transport them and take back whatever goods they got in exchange. Scale economies were also developed as time went on. For example, the Sumer civilization based their economy on a scale system using commodity money. However, neither the Sumer civilization nor the Phoenicians can be said to be the ones who invented money. Other system of weights included the use of the shekel which has reference to a particular mass of barley. This can be correlated to system that is metric using copper,...
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