Who Invented Thanksgiving?

Who Invented Thanksgiving?...

The history of Thanksgiving began in 1621. The celebration was done to give thanks to God and the Native Americans who helped the English settlers cope with the winter season in Plymouth in Massachusetts. Early Thanksgiving Records show that prior to 1621, there were other thanksgiving celebrations. The first on record took place on September 8, 1565. Pedro Menendez de Aviles led a group of 600 Spanish immigrants to St. Augustine, Florida. When they made it to land, the group gave thanks to God and a feast was held. The town of San Elizario in El Paso Texas was another site of an early thanksgiving. Don Juan de Onate declared that the settlers should hold thanksgiving on April 30, 1598. But in the history of Thanksgiving, these events are usually not considered as the first. The reason is that the celebrations taking place now are a continuation of the thanksgiving celebrations that took place in Plymouth. Date of Thanksgiving As the centuries went by, Thanksgiving became an annual tradition. It was President Abraham Lincoln who declared that the final Thursday of November be the date of Thanksgiving. This tradition has been followed ever since. The only exception was when President Franklin Roosevelt declared that Thanksgiving be moved to the third Thursday of November. Roosevelt made this declaration (the only one in the history of Thanksgiving) in 1939. By setting back the date a week earlier, he hoped to encourage people to go shopping earlier. This would result in more profits for business. He saw this as a means for ending the Great Depression. However, people had become accustomed to the final Thursday in November as the date. Eventually Roosevelt reset the date back to the original one. What this...
Who Invented Zero?

Who Invented Zero?

Few persons ever sit down and think about numbers and where they come from; it is just one of those things that we take for granted. Even if a person does wonder where numbers come from, the typical answer is that numbers originated with Roman numerals, but there are records of numbers being used as far back as 6000 BCE; however this only refers to numbers starting from 1, what about the number zero, where did it come from? The history of the zero is different from that of other numbers as ancient numerical systems did not have a zero, and a space was used where a zero should be. So let’s talk a little about the number zero and how it got into the numerical system. Where Zero Came From There are a lot of different stories about where the number zero comes from; one story says that the zero was first used as a number in India in the 9th century AD by Indian mathematician Aryabhata. It is also said that Indian scholar Pingala along with his fellow scholars used the Sanskrit word ??nya to refer to the number zero. Another story says that the number zero was invented by the Mayan civilization for use on their calendars, while yet another story claims that the zero dates back to 300 B.C. and was invented in Babylon. In the European society there is no evidence of the number zero being used until after 800 AD by the Arabs who were coming to trade with the Europeans; the name zero was also derived from the Arabic language. By 130 AD Ptolemy was using a small circle with a long over-bar to represent a zero; this symbol was used by...
Who Invented Online Dating?

Who Invented Online Dating?...

Matchmaker.com is on record as the oldest online dating service. Starting in 1986 as a system best described as an online bulletin board, Matchmaker.com was supported on a dial-up modem. Systems like this dominated the 80s to mid 90s and supported connections through local telephone area codes allowing the news to be read, message exchanges as well as participation on message boards and bulletins. Exchanging emails rapidly became popular and many had games or implemented chat rooms. Bulletin board systems (or BBSes) where made targeting avid computers users or lovers unlike the World Wide Web that brought these and other functions to virtually everyone’s finger tips. The 1990s saw advancements in connections that reduced or eliminated the dial-up charges and the use of Bulletin Board systems grew. Because Matchmaker.com moved to the internet in 1996 (almost 10 years after inception), Match.com is seen as the first internet dating service. Created in 1994, Match.com was placed on the internet in 1995 however; there is a distinction between ‘online dating’ and ‘internet dating’. It is this distinction that keeps Matchmaker.com in the pioneering spot. Some reviews date the service’s internet launched to 1998 but upon visiting the online dating site readers will see 1996 as the year noted by the founder. This still puts it behind Match.com in terms of internet launch but it remains established as the first online regardless of which date is accurate because of its BBS history. How Online Dating Started When Gregory Scott Smith and Jon Boede (founder and programmer respectively) planned Matchmaker.com the idea was to design a pen pal service that would run on donations by users to eliminate having to charge a set fee. Located in Houston, Matchmaker started on 4 dial-up lines...
Who Invented Valentines Day?

Who Invented Valentines Day?...

Who Invented Valentine’s Day? Valentine’s Day is celebrated worldwide as lovers’ day. There are different versions of this holiday’s origin depending on who you ask. Some say it was a pagan festival while others honor it in memory of a Christian saint. Here are the accounts. Valentine’s Day As a Roman Festival According to the first story, the Romans invented Valentine’s Day in the 3rd century AD. It was a pastoral holiday in honor of the god Lupercus. In those days, shepherds would take their flocks out to pasture in the outskirts of Rome. There packs of wolves would surround them waiting for stray sheep to prey on. The shepherds believed that their god Lupercus was watching over them, guarding their herds from the wolves. Every year in February they held a festival called Lupercalia to secure the god’s continued favor. Hardly suggests why this would make the Romans the inventors of Valentine’s Day! But a curious detail about the Lupercalia is telling: During the same festival, girls would put their names in a box and boys would draw lots to see who gets paired with whom. The partners would be a couple for the whole year that followed. This practice was held to honor the goddess Juno. Valentine’s Day Becomes a Christian Festival After some time, Christianity took over the Roman empire. To facilitate the spread of their religion, Christian priests changed the names and meanings of the Roman festivals. To replace Lupercalia, they invented St. Valentine’s Day. Instead of girls’ names in the box, now there were names of Christian saints. Each lad who drew a saint’s name had to devote a whole year to imitating that saint’s life. Undoubtedly this was much less appealing to the...
Who Invented Christmas?

Who Invented Christmas?

Christmas did not originate in the Christian religion. It came from the ancient Romans. Every year in December they held a festival called “Saturnalia” in honor of their god Saturn. The festival ran for a week starting in December 17 up to December 23. Saturnalia was a time of freedom and pleasure without consequence. People could do what they wanted and the law wouldn’t punish them. In fact, all courts of law were closed during the week-long festivities. The Romans would take this opportunity to play games, get drunk, run about naked and commit sexual acts that would be unacceptable at other times. Even the slaves got a break: for once the roles were reversed and they could insult their masters. A special banquet was prepared just for the slaves in each household. More disturbing, the Romans would choose an innocent person to be a type of scapegoat during the festival. This person would be considered the enemy of the community. He or she would be forced to self-indulge in many ways for a week, before being killed. The Christians used a clever tactic to get people to convert to their religion. They took the popular Roman festivals and changed them to fit into Christianity. While the names changed, the customs and practices stayed the same. It reassured people that they could convert to the new religion and still keep the old practices. Since Saturnalia was the major feast of the year, the Christians made it the birthday of their savior. However the actual Christmas Day itself, December 25, was not the last day of Saturnalia. It was the day of Sol Invictus, the “Invincible Sun.” Sol Invictus was part of a Roman warrior cult – in which the...
Who Invented the Paper Clip?

Who Invented the Paper Clip?...

Our modern day paper clip owes its beginnings to William D. Middlebrook. Its patent is dated on November 9, 1899. It is interesting that for over a hundred years, in spite of humble beginnings, no one has yet been able to create a more efficient way to hold loose sheets of paper. We’ll look into who invented the paper clip and its humble beginnings. Early Beginnings Some consider Samuel Fay as the either the forerunner or the man himself who invented the paper clip. However, if you look at the patent he obtained dated April 23, 1867 he called the device as a Ticket Fastener. The original idea that Fay had was to have the ticket fastener attach tickets to garments. In the description of the fastener you’ll find that as an additional use, it could be hold pieces of paper together. Samuel Fay was not the only one who submitted or invented the paper clip’s predecessors or devices like unto it. There were in fact some other 50 designs that were patented that would seem to be early precursors. The difference however is that the designs submitted prior to that of William Middlebrook’s don’t even come close to what the modern day paper clip would look like. Birth of the Paper Clip As mentioned earlier, William Middlebrook is credited as the one who invented the paper clip we know today. He in fact not only invented the paper clip but also the machine that would make paper clips. The drawings on the patent distinctly portray our modern day paper clip. The patent William Middlebrook obtained was for both the paper clip and its production machine. Coming of the GEM In the year 1899 the manufacturing company Cushman and...
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