Who Invented Velcro?

Who Invented Velcro?

Velcro is a popular brand name and product line of high quality hook and loop fasteners. The merchandises have two layers, known as the hook side as well as the loop side. The first layer is composed of small hooks while the second layer is composed of tiny loops. Some of the materials used in the production of the products are polyester, cotton and nylon. The name of the product came from the words velours as well as crochet, which means hook. To know more about the fastener, it is best to start with identifying the person behind the invention. History Who invented Velcro? George de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, invented the famous product. The idea of developing the fastener came to the engineer when he removed burdock seeds from his clothes after a hunting trip in 1941. The inventor assessed the seeds with the use of a microscope and found numerous materials like hooks, which caught his clothing with a loop. It took him 10 years before he developed a process to create a hook and loop fastener similar with what he saw in the seeds. He applied for a patent for his invention in 1951 in Switzerland and it was approved after four years. As soon as Mestral got the patent, he opened shops in different countries including Canada, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Great Britain as well as Italy. The popularity of the item started when he opened a textile center at Manchester in New Hampshire in 1957. The product became more famous when it was used for the development of space suits by the aerospace industry. Later on, the item was used in marine gear as well as scuba gear. Additional Information and Other Important Details One...
Who Invented Makeup?

Who Invented Makeup?

Oldest Evidence of Makeup The first evidence of makeup appeared in ancient Egypt in about 4,000 BC. Apparently Egyptian makeup served to protect against the weather and to better their looks. They used uguent to moisturize the skin and kohl to highlight their eye features. One can see from surviving paintings and busts that both men and women used makeup with special attention being paid to the eyes. So important was makeup to the Egyptians that people were buried with their makeup equipment when they died. Excavations have revealed makeup kits stored in leather pouches, shells or jars in the tombs of rich and poor alike. Of course the latter had much simpler paraphernalia. Materials Used in Egyptian Makeup Two different kinds of material were used to make up the eyes: udje made from malachite and mesdemet of lead ore. These were powdered and then mixed with animal fat so it would hold to the skin. Egyptian makeup could not only improve one’s looks. They also had health benefits necessary for life in the harsh desert. Kohl or galena is a disinfectant and an insect repellant. Mesdemet on the other hand, was used to cure various eye problems. Significance of Makeup In ancient times plants, animals and minerals were connected with different gods. And this may have added to the importance of makeup. Green malachite, from which udje was made, was sacred to Hathor. Kohl was special to North Africian people and Moslems, who likened it to sacred black stone in Mecca. Another reason why the Egyptians used eye makeup so much was they believed it had magical powers. Painting around the eyes was supposed to protect oneself from the “evil eye.” Egyptian Makeup Today Being the ones who...
Who Invented Lipstick?

Who Invented Lipstick?

It’s impossible to determine who invented lipstick because evidence suggests its use began thousands of years ago. Much of the early history of lipstick is still subject to debate. However a few facts have become clear. Early History There is evidence that Mesopotamian women used some form of lipstick. This would mean lipstick (or at least its predecessors) originated almost 5,000 years ago. Precious stones were crushed and applied on the lips. The women of the Indus civilization (3,000 BCE) painted their lips red. Exact what liquid formula they used is unknown. The ancient Egyptians combined red-purple dye, bromite mannite and iodine. These substances were mixed and applied on the lips. Cleopatra used lipstick made from ants and beetles. The red extract was placed on her lips. An assessment of the history of lipstick indicates this mixture was popular. However, the use of lipstick was reserved for Egyptian royalty and the wealthy. It wasn’t until the 16th century that the lipstick became commonplace. Lipsticks in most European countries were made from beeswax and red dyes. Thanks to Queen Elizabeth I, black became very fashionable in England. Under Queen Victoria, the lipstick was frowned upon but stage actors still wore it. The Modern Lipstick The modern lipstick was showcased in Paris in 1884. The lipsticks were encased in silk and made of castor oil, beeswax and deer tallow. By the 1920s, the black lipstick was back in fashion. Silent films often featured actresses donning black lipstick. T he history of lipstick in the 1930s was marked by the invention of the push up tube lipstick. It was released in the United States and immediately became a hit. By the middle of the 1930s lipstick became available in various colors. During...
Who Invented the Zipper?

Who Invented the Zipper?...

Found in different kinds of clothes like jeans, shorts and jackets, the zipper serves a very important role despite its simple looking appearance. Used to join fabric edges temporarily, it can also be found in bags, sporting goods and many other items. This item comes in different types, all of which are comprised of simple but highly efficient components. Here is a closer look at other valuable information about this product including who invented the zipper. The Invention of the Zipper Who invented the zipper? Whitcomb L. Judson, who was a U.S.-born inventor, started a series of experiments. He came up with the clasp-locker, a product that was very much like the modern-day zipper. He was granted a patent for that on November 7, 1891. Years after that, Gideon Sundback had invented the ‘Hookless Fastener No. 2,’ which was a version with the very same concept as the zipper of today. Judson followed the hook and eye model for his invention, while Sundback used the interlocking teeth model, the latter of which was better than the former. However, even before these two important inventions, some people already came up with relatively similar ideas but with different results. Some time in 1851, Elias Howe was granted a patent in the U.S. for his device called ‘an Automatic, Continuous Clothing Closure.’ It was very much like the zipper as it is today especially in terms of function. However, it has no slider, which made the concept somewhat different from the true zipper. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information The zipper serves many purposes. In trousers, this device can increase opening size in order for things to pass through them. For skirts, dresses or jackets, it can separate two sides or ends...
Who Invented Lip Gloss?

Who Invented Lip Gloss?

Primarily a cosmetic product, the purpose of lip gloss is to provide the lips with subtle color, glossy luster and mild texture. Aside from clear color, it is also available in a variety of shades, some of the most popular of which are the metallic, glittered and frosted. Constant use of this product can lead to softer, well moisturized and younger looking lips. In addition to these interesting details, it is also good to know who invented lip gloss. The Invention of Lip Gloss Who invented lip gloss? The first ever product that resembled modern-day lip gloss was released by the cosmetics company Max Factor. It was launched some time in 1932 as part of the cosmetic product line named X-Rated. Since then, it became a perfect alternative for lipstick. It provided users with a wet, sexy and kissable look without the heavy feeling of wearing lipstick. The original formula lasted until 2003. By that time, Procter and Gamble had already acquired the rights to the product line, which eventually decided to stop its production. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details Today, lip gloss is available in different forms. Some of them are available in small cylindrical containers, while others are contained in small tubes. While some are to be applied directly to the lips, others are applied using the fingertips. In recent years, the original formula has encountered a number of improvements. Modern-day lip gloss features ingredients that can make the lips look plumper and softer. They serve as perfect alternatives to fat injections, Juvederm and collagen. However, their effects are last only for a short time. Good thing they are harmless, easy to use and cheap. Nowadays, it is not only used as a cosmetic, but also...