Who Invented the Violin?

Who Invented the Violin?...

The violin belongs to a family of stringed instruments, which also include the cello and viola. Among these three, it is the highest-pitched and smallest. More importantly, it is used widely in the different musical genres including rock and roll, pop punk as well as folk music. Likewise, it is also played as part of jazz, classical and Baroque music. In addition to these interesting things, it is also good to know something about its history, particularly who invented the violin. The Invention of the Violin Who invented the violin? Renowned violinmaker Andrea Amati constructed the very first violin sometime in 1555. Before that, there was a violin-like instrument called violetta, which only had three strings instead of the usual four strings that are found in modern-day violins. Because of the nice pleasant sound that it produced, the King of France Charles IX ordered him to manufacture 24 pieces of the instrument. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details By the 18th century, the original design of the violin underwent a number of significant changes. After that, the violin featured a heavier brass bar. The most expensive violin ever sold was a Stradivari violin, which was auctioned for the price of $3,544,000. Whey using a violin, there are several bowing techniques available like the martele, which is done through sudden and forceful bow strokes. Another technique is called col legno, which is done by drawing the stick across the strings rather than the hair. To execute a pizzicato, a player must use the fingers of his or her right hand to pluck the strings instead of the bow. To perform a mute, a small device referred to as mute is necessary. This apparatus is usually made from wood, rubber or...
Who Invented Pong?

Who Invented Pong?

One of the earliest forms of arcade video games, Pong is a two-dimensional tennis game. The primary aim of the game is to beat opponents by scoring higher. Released in 1972, this important development eventually led to a boom in the video game industry. With its rich and colorful history, it is but great to take a quick look at the start of this early video game form including who invented Pong. The Invention of Pong Who invented Pong? A computer scientist named Allan Alcorn invented this arcade video game. Atari Inc. released it sometime in 1972. Atari founder Nolan Bushnell assigned this task to Alcorn as a training exercise. According to Bushnell, the main idea behind the game was based on the electronic ping-pong game of the first-ever home videogame console called Magnavox Odyssey. Additional Facts and Other Important Details After the success of Pong, there seemed to be no turning back for the video game industry. Numerous efforts to copy the game play followed. In response, Atari asked its employees to conceptualize other innovative games. In December 1975, the home version of the game was launched in various Sears retail stores. The Pong arcade games were without a doubt a commercial success. Furthermore, the home version of the game earned solid revenues that were approximately four times more than the coin-operated arcade machines. In 1973, Atari delivered 2,500 units. In 1974, it sold more than 8,000 video game consoles. In 1975, the company launched a special limited release of Home Pong, which eventually sold more or less 150,000 units for that particular Christmas season alone. Many game experts believed that the arcade phenomenon during that time was attributed mainly to the success of this video game. In...
Who Invented the Slinky?

Who Invented the Slinky?...

Slinky refers to a toy that is made from a helical spring that can reform itself with the help of the gravitational force. The toy is very famous in different countries because it has unique properties such as it stretches like an ordinary rubber band. Aside from being a toy, the merchandise is used by college professors as well as high school teachers to discuss the various characteristics of waves. In addition, the item was used by the troops sent by the United States to the Vietnam War to enhance the effectiveness of their mobile radio antennas. To learn more about this item, let us explore the history of the development of the Slinky. History of the Product Who invented the Slinky? United States Navy engineer Richard James was recognized as the inventor of the product. He invented the product in 1943 while working at the shipyards of William Cramp and Sons in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He accidentally created the item while doing experiments on springs that have the capacity to stabilize and support instruments that were commonly used in ships at this time. His wife Betty James gave the name Slinky to the toy. The name of the toy means sleek and graceful. When the couple told the children near their place about the toy, they instantly became interested. To make money out of the invention, Richard James and his wife got a loan of $500. They used the money to produce the item and established the James Spring and Wire Company. They packaged the toys in yellow papers and offered these for $1 each. At first, the couples had a hard time selling the products but in November 1945, they constructed an inclined plane at Gimbels’ toy section....
Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?

Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?...

Do you remember those cute dolls from the 80s with a dessert-themed name and clothing to match? Those were days the Strawberry Shortcake doll rose in popularity. But who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll anyway? And who thought of even creating some of the doll’s friends and pets? A Cartoon Character Born in the Greeting Card Department If you’re thinking that the original creations started with the making of the dolls, that was not actually what happened then. You see, before the days Strawberry Shortcake was manufactured as a doll, it was Muriel Fahrion who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll’s original design together with the character’s cat named Custard. This was done in 1977 when Fahrion worked at American Greetings at the Juvenile and Humorous card department as an illustrator for greeting cards. This design was shown to Bernie Loomis who was working in General Mills. After that, the design was granted as a licensing entity and Fahrion went on to creating more characters for American Greetings. The other characters included in the Strawberry Shortcake collection later emerged when Cindy Moyer Patton and Janet Jones collaborated in designing more characters to add with the original design of Strawberry Shortcake. A story line, profiles on each character’s personality, and a common philosophy was then added by the editor, Lyn Edwards and the American Greetings’ group. Delicious Names that Anyone can Remember The Strawberry Shortcake line of characters all had particular names resembling delicious desserts. They also come with their own fruit- or dessert-named pet. It would be easy to remember the names of the characters since the cartoon characters wore appropriate clothing to match. The hair of the all the charaters was also scented with their own paricular dessert-themed names....
Who Invented the Acoustic Guitar?

Who Invented the Acoustic Guitar?...

The modern history of the acoustic guitar began in 1850 with the work of the Spaniard Antonio Torres. In fact, Torres’ design is still being used to make classical guitars today. Guitar Development The word guitar was derived from the Spanish term guitarra. Although Torres’ work helped shape the modern guitar, guitar like instruments had been in existence for a very long time. Early instruments like the Baroque guitar, vihuela and lute played roles in the evolution of the modern acoustic guitar. There is actually evidence that ancient civilizations had developed something similar. Thousands of years ago, stringed instruments were already being used in India and other civilizations in Asia. Other instruments that were pivotal in the history of the acoustic guitar were the sitar and tanbur. Archaeologists have discovered a 3,300 year old carving showing a Hittite playing a guitar like instrument. Other Descendants of the Guitar The guitar is also thought to be derived from the Roman cithara. This instrument was introduced by the Romans first to Hispania circa 40 AD. Its development would be influenced by the oud, which was popularized by the Moors in the 8th century. Other stringed instruments began appearing in Europe around the same time. One of them was the six string lute, which was of Scandinavian origin. The history of the acoustic guitar shows that around 1200 AD, the guitarra moresca had emerged. It had numerous holes and was rounded. The guitarra Latina had a single hole and looked more like the modern guitar. By the Renaissance the moresca and Latina were no longer being used and both instruments were referred to as guitars. The vihuela originated in Spain and had six courses. The instrument was invented in Spain in the...
Who Invented Jazz?

Who Invented Jazz?

Even the most ardent student of the history of jazz will be hard pressed to trace its inventor. Rather than point to a single individual, it’s more accurate to say that the sound emerged from various musical sources. Beginnings of Jazz Music Some accounts state the word jazz was first heard in Chicago. It is unclear where it came or from what it was derived from. Its origins have also been disputed. Some claim the music originated from Africa. This influence can be seen from some common elements found in jazz. These are improvisation, swung note and polyrhythm among others. But most accounts of the history of jazz trace its roots in the 1890s. Black people in America were given the chance to hold jobs. Segregation was still enforced. But they were able to find work as entertainers. Blacks worked at vaudeville, minstrel and other musical shows. Various forms of music remerged including ragtime and the blues. From these and other genres, jazz would come out. The 1900s to 1920s It was during this time that jazz as we know it came into being. It became very popular in New Orleans. Most of the early jazz musicians played in the red light district of New Orleans. One of the earliest known jazz musicians was Buddy Bolden. He began playing in 1900 and is considered by many as the first man of jazz. The 1920s saw the arrival of the phonograph and radio. These two innovations had a tremendous effect on the history of jazz. Once limited to the south, their music was now heard across the country. Bessie Smith became known as the Empress of the Blues and the most well known singer of the 1920s. Other performers during...
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