Who Invented the Phonograph?

Who Invented the Phonograph?...

The history of the phonograph shows that Thomas Edison filed for the patent in December 1877. But he actually started developing it a few months earlier. The Origin of the Phonograph Edison was actually working on his telegraph. His objective was to make the telegraph send messages again and again. He used papers with some indentations. His design had a diaphragm with a point and set it against paraffin paper. He would later replace the paper with a cylinder enfolded in tin foil. He handed the design to John Kruesi (his mechanic) who created the machine. Edison spoke through it, and his words were recorded. The first words that were used in the history of the phonograph were the nursery rhyme Mary had a Little Lamb. Improvements on the Phonograph A year after getting the patent, the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established. The machine became popular although only a few people were able to use it as it was complicated. However Edison didn’t work on the phonograph for a while as he focused on his other inventions. However other inventors would make improvements to his invention. In 1880 Alexander Graham Bell and Charles Tainter replaced the tin foil Edison used with wax. The needle was also replaced with a stylus. In response Edison came out with some improvements on his own model. The history of the phonograph reveal that Edison also used wax but also included stearic wax and ceresin. Edison followed this up in 1890 by releasing talking dolls using the phonograph’s wax cylinders. They came out with some musical cylinders. Nine years later a phonograph parlor was opened. The parlor was located in San Francisco. People would pay a nickel and their selection from the list...
Who Invented the Electric Guitar?

Who Invented the Electric Guitar?...

Definitely one of the most popular musical instruments today, the electric guitar is widely used by bands and musicians worldwide. It produces an easily distinguishable sound that greatly adds to the overall appeal of any given song. Artists like Santana, Avril Lavigne and Lenny Kravitz are just few of the many music personalities out there that make use of this important musical instrument. For those who are interested to know other things about this type of instrument, it is good to learn who invented the electric guitar. The Invention of the Electric Guitar Who invented the electric guitar? Les Paul, whose real name was Lester Williams Polsfuss, is credited for the invention of the first electric guitar with a solid body. In 1950, the stringed instrument manufacturer Fender released the solid-body electric guitar called the Fender Esquire, which became a commercial success. After that, it went on to become an integral part of numerous music styles like rockabilly, early rock and roll as well as Chicago blues. Likewise, it played a huge role in the development of blues-rock in the 1960s. Additionally, it also contributed to the flourishing of other musical genres including contemporary classic, new age and country music. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details Some time in the 1930s and the 1940s, the demand for amplified guitars flourished as the jazz orchestras during that period expanded even more. Because of that huge demand for such musical instruments during that time, electronic enthusiasts, guitar makers and manufacturers tried to create various designs. One of them was Les Paul, who came up with the idea of attaching microphones right onto guitars. Earlier models came with a hollow-bodied acoustic design. The electric guitar is comprised of many different parts and...
Who Invented American Idol?

Who Invented American Idol?...

Definitely one of the most highly anticipated shows in the world today, “American Idol” is a reality television show that offers viewers loads of surprises. This interactive talent show is currently on its way to start its ninth season. The show is known for featuring some of the best homegrown talents in the United States. It offers participants a once in a lifetime opportunity to shine and become popular worldwide. Despite its wondrous accomplishments, it is still good to look back and learn the colorful history of the show including who invented American Idol. The Invention of American Idol Who invented American Idol? Led by a group of directors that include Ken Warwick, Nigel Lythgoe and Bruce Gowers, the concept behind this highly interesting show was invented by Simon Fuller. Throughout the years, his name has been associated with some of the huge names in show business such as Annie Lennox, Spice Girls as well as past American Idol winners David Cook and Carrie Underwood. In 1998, he was able to create a format that revolutionized the world of television. Amongst the shows that he made by that time were Canadian Idol, Pop Idol and American Idol. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information After Fuller’s Pop Idol made some really serious noise in its first two installments in the United Kingdom, he decided to sell the show to the Fox Network in the United States. Upon its release, American Idol was an instant hit among various audiences. After that, the show has popularized show presenters Simon Cowell, Paula Abdul and Randy Jackson. This particular type of television format that Fuller created has an estimated value of more than $2.5 billion, the revenues of which are comprised of advertising sources,...
Who Invented the Microphone?

Who Invented the Microphone?...

A microphone is an instrument that converts sound waves into electric signals. These signals are then changed back into sound waves in speakers. Microphones are universally employed in media and telecommunications to increase the volume of sound. The word microphone was coined by Sir Charles Wheatstone. But he did not invent it. Biography of the Microphone Inventor The inventor of the microphone was Emile Berliner. He was born in 1851 in Hanover, Germany. At the age of 19 he moved to Washington D.C. where he studied physics. Berliner became fascinated by new developments in audio technology. Specifically the phonograph and telephone. He invented the first microphone for use with the latter. Bell Company bought the patent from him and hired him as well in Boston, Massachusetts. He lived there from 1877 to 1883 when he returned to D.C. Berliner patented the gramophone or phonograph in 1887. It was 6 years after he became an American citizen. His other inventions included a loom and an early prototype of the helicopter. The First Microphone Invented Berliner invented the microphone after seeing the new telephone at work for the first time. Berliner attended the US Centennial Exposition to witness a demonstration of the telephone. He liked it like all the other inventors did. But Berliner noticed the sound quality wasn’t very good. He wondered how he could make it better. In 1876 at the age of 25, Berliner invented the first microphone, which was an improved voice transmitter for the telephone. The microphone amplified the normal human voice through speakers. The owner of the first telephones, Bell Company, was pleased with the invention. Berliner sold the patent to them for a handsome $50,000. His creation became very popular. Other Developments of the...
Who Invented Opera?

Who Invented Opera?

The history of opera began in the 1500s in Italy. Jacopo Peri’s Dafne (1598) is widely held to be the first opera ever performed. The Earliest Operas By the 15th century, several new musical instruments had emerged, notably the trumpet. This instrument, along with other ones, changed the face of stage plays considerably. The result was that actors had to belt out their lines or sing along so their voices wouldn’t get drowned out by the music. This innovative approach would gain popularity throughout Europe. The Medici family of Florence was known for being patrons of the arts. Some historians believe that they commissioned Jacopo Peri to compose Dafne in 1598. In the history of opera, this play is often singled out as the first. However some historians bevel opera came about in stages and not via one play. Opera Spreads throughout Europe The impact of Dafne and succeeding plays was immense. The new musical form spread from Italy to France, Germany and the Austrian Empire. With the exception of Italy however, acceptance of opera was limited to the wealthy and aristocratic. Opera took a strong hold in Venice, and it would eventually become the staging ground for some of the finest operas in the continent. Claudio Monteverdi became one of the leading composers of the Renaissance. His inaugural play Orpheo was conducted in 1607. What set him apart from the others was that his plays were designed for everyone. Unlike other operas, his compositions had appeal for both royalty and merchant. This was a significant point in the history of opera. As opera became widespread, two forms emerged, opera seria (dramatic) and opera buffa (comedic). At the same time, stories changed. The storylines became more complex, with symbolism...
Who Invented the Ferris Wheel?

Who Invented the Ferris Wheel?...

Called by other names such as the big wheel or observation wheel, Ferris wheels are usually found in theme parks and amusement centers. Within this type of non-building structure, people can sit comfortably in passenger gondolas, which are attached to the rim and are set in a huge upright wheel. Today, you can find some of the biggest structures in countries like Japan, the United States as well as Taiwan. Aside from these wonderful details, there are so many other important things to learn about it including who invented the Ferris wheel. The Invention of the Ferris Wheel Who invented the Ferris wheel? The American inventor named George Washington Gale Ferris Jr. designed and invented the Ferris wheel in 1893. It was made for the World’s Columbian Exposition that was held in the City of Chicago in Illinois. It was then called the Chicago Wheel, which he did as part of an effort to build something quite impressive just like the Eiffel Tower in France. After this huge event, every ride of similar nature was referred to as Ferris wheel. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details The Ferris wheel was the centerpiece at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. It used two steam engines, which stood at the height of 260 feet or 80 meters. After that, it became part of the Saint Louis 1904 World’s Fair. Throughout history, the world has seen different kinds of massive Ferris wheels. After the Chicago Wheel, the Great Wheel was created in 1895 as part of the Empire of India Exhibition that was held Earls Court in London, England. In 1900, the Exposition Universelle was showcased at the Grande Roue de Paris in France, which lasted only until 1937. In 1997, the Tempozan...
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