Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?

Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?...

Do you remember those cute dolls from the 80s with a dessert-themed name and clothing to match? Those were days the Strawberry Shortcake doll rose in popularity. But who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll anyway? And who thought of even creating some of the doll’s friends and pets? A Cartoon Character Born in the Greeting Card Department If you’re thinking that the original creations started with the making of the dolls, that was not actually what happened then. You see, before the days Strawberry Shortcake was manufactured as a doll, it was Muriel Fahrion who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll’s original design together with the character’s cat named Custard. This was done in 1977 when Fahrion worked at American Greetings at the Juvenile and Humorous card department as an illustrator for greeting cards. This design was shown to Bernie Loomis who was working in General Mills. After that, the design was granted as a licensing entity and Fahrion went on to creating more characters for American Greetings. The other characters included in the Strawberry Shortcake collection later emerged when Cindy Moyer Patton and Janet Jones collaborated in designing more characters to add with the original design of Strawberry Shortcake. A story line, profiles on each character’s personality, and a common philosophy was then added by the editor, Lyn Edwards and the American Greetings’ group. Delicious Names that Anyone can Remember The Strawberry Shortcake line of characters all had particular names resembling delicious desserts. They also come with their own fruit- or dessert-named pet. It would be easy to remember the names of the characters since the cartoon characters wore appropriate clothing to match. The hair of the all the charaters was also scented with their own paricular dessert-themed names....
Who Invented the Violin?

Who Invented the Violin?...

The violin belongs to a family of stringed instruments, which also include the cello and viola. Among these three, it is the highest-pitched and smallest. More importantly, it is used widely in the different musical genres including rock and roll, pop punk as well as folk music. Likewise, it is also played as part of jazz, classical and Baroque music. In addition to these interesting things, it is also good to know something about its history, particularly who invented the violin. The Invention of the Violin Who invented the violin? Renowned violinmaker Andrea Amati constructed the very first violin sometime in 1555. Before that, there was a violin-like instrument called violetta, which only had three strings instead of the usual four strings that are found in modern-day violins. Because of the nice pleasant sound that it produced, the King of France Charles IX ordered him to manufacture 24 pieces of the instrument. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details By the 18th century, the original design of the violin underwent a number of significant changes. After that, the violin featured a heavier brass bar. The most expensive violin ever sold was a Stradivari violin, which was auctioned for the price of $3,544,000. Whey using a violin, there are several bowing techniques available like the martele, which is done through sudden and forceful bow strokes. Another technique is called col legno, which is done by drawing the stick across the strings rather than the hair. To execute a pizzicato, a player must use the fingers of his or her right hand to pluck the strings instead of the bow. To perform a mute, a small device referred to as mute is necessary. This apparatus is usually made from wood, rubber or...
Who Invented the Acoustic Guitar?

Who Invented the Acoustic Guitar?...

The modern history of the acoustic guitar began in 1850 with the work of the Spaniard Antonio Torres. In fact, Torres’ design is still being used to make classical guitars today. Guitar Development The word guitar was derived from the Spanish term guitarra. Although Torres’ work helped shape the modern guitar, guitar like instruments had been in existence for a very long time. Early instruments like the Baroque guitar, vihuela and lute played roles in the evolution of the modern acoustic guitar. There is actually evidence that ancient civilizations had developed something similar. Thousands of years ago, stringed instruments were already being used in India and other civilizations in Asia. Other instruments that were pivotal in the history of the acoustic guitar were the sitar and tanbur. Archaeologists have discovered a 3,300 year old carving showing a Hittite playing a guitar like instrument. Other Descendants of the Guitar The guitar is also thought to be derived from the Roman cithara. This instrument was introduced by the Romans first to Hispania circa 40 AD. Its development would be influenced by the oud, which was popularized by the Moors in the 8th century. Other stringed instruments began appearing in Europe around the same time. One of them was the six string lute, which was of Scandinavian origin. The history of the acoustic guitar shows that around 1200 AD, the guitarra moresca had emerged. It had numerous holes and was rounded. The guitarra Latina had a single hole and looked more like the modern guitar. By the Renaissance the moresca and Latina were no longer being used and both instruments were referred to as guitars. The vihuela originated in Spain and had six courses. The instrument was invented in Spain in the...
Who Invented the CD Player?

Who Invented the CD Player?...

Today is the age of small and portable media devices such as iPods and MP3s. However, before these technologies rose in the commercial market, CD players came first and played a significant role in the entertainment industry of the 21st century. It is time to know who invented the CD player more than 25 years ago. Before CD Players Got Commercialized As the summer of 1982 came to its end, the dawn of a new developed compact disc audio system commenced as four companies made their announcement of the development of the pioneering systems for CD players. Any of them would be credited as the one who invented the CD player. At an audio fair in 1981, Sony displayed ‘Goronta’, their CD player test model. This was one of the foremost models of CD players that were developed to play discs arranged in a vertical deck. The Pioneering Commercial CD Player In October of 1982, the first commercial CD players were released in the market by Sony, the company who invented the CD player. Even though it was a result of a group effort the person who invented the CD player was Nobuyuki Idei. He was a chairman of the Sony company as well as a group CEO. He called it as CDP-101, founding the name on binary numbers. CDP-101 included the CD tray that slides out horizontally, which is a common feature of CD players today. The one great difference of the CD players of yesterday and today is in the unit price since CDP-101 was sold in the market for the high price of $900. Reducing the Size and Price Sony realized that only a small number of people were willing to pay the high price of...
Who Invented the IMAX?

Who Invented the IMAX?

Completely referred to as Image MAXimum but better known as IMAX, this film format is a projection standard and movie format developed by IMAX Corp. of Canada. It offers a number of advantages including higher picture resolution as well as greater size compared to conventional film systems. The size of the screen usually varies, but the basic measurement for this format is usually 53 feet or 16.1 meters high and 72 feet or 22 meters wide. Aside from these interesting details, there are other nice things to learn about it including who invented the IMAX. The Invention of the IMAX System Who invented the IMAX? A number of people developed the IMAX system, namely William C. Shaw, Nicholas Mulders, Roman Kroiter and Graeme Ferguson. Before that, there were numerous attempts to improve the visual impact of movies. The very first one was in 1929, when Fox developed the 70mm format called Fox Grandeur. After that, many efforts soon followed including the VistaVision in 1954 and the CinemaScope in 1953. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details The very first IMAX film was entitled “Tiger Child,” which became part of Expo ’70 that was held in Osaka, Japan. In 1971, the IMAX system was installed permanently at the amusement entertainment park called Ontario Place in Toronto. In the United States, a huge IMAX screen was used at the Expo ’74 in Spokane, Washington. In 1973, a permanent IMAX Dome was installed at the Reuben H. Fleet Space Theater and Science Center within Balboa Park in San Diego California. Meanwhile, a permanent IMAX 3D theater was featured at Expo ’86 held in Vancouver, British Columbia. Today, there are numerous IMAX systems installed all throughout the world. Some of these include the IMAX...
Who Invented the Phonograph?

Who Invented the Phonograph?...

The history of the phonograph shows that Thomas Edison filed for the patent in December 1877. But he actually started developing it a few months earlier. The Origin of the Phonograph Edison was actually working on his telegraph. His objective was to make the telegraph send messages again and again. He used papers with some indentations. His design had a diaphragm with a point and set it against paraffin paper. He would later replace the paper with a cylinder enfolded in tin foil. He handed the design to John Kruesi (his mechanic) who created the machine. Edison spoke through it, and his words were recorded. The first words that were used in the history of the phonograph were the nursery rhyme Mary had a Little Lamb. Improvements on the Phonograph A year after getting the patent, the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established. The machine became popular although only a few people were able to use it as it was complicated. However Edison didn’t work on the phonograph for a while as he focused on his other inventions. However other inventors would make improvements to his invention. In 1880 Alexander Graham Bell and Charles Tainter replaced the tin foil Edison used with wax. The needle was also replaced with a stylus. In response Edison came out with some improvements on his own model. The history of the phonograph reveal that Edison also used wax but also included stearic wax and ceresin. Edison followed this up in 1890 by releasing talking dolls using the phonograph’s wax cylinders. They came out with some musical cylinders. Nine years later a phonograph parlor was opened. The parlor was located in San Francisco. People would pay a nickel and their selection from the list...
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