Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?

Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?...

Do you remember those cute dolls from the 80s with a dessert-themed name and clothing to match? Those were days the Strawberry Shortcake doll rose in popularity. But who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll anyway? And who thought of even creating some of the doll’s friends and pets? A Cartoon Character Born in the Greeting Card Department If you’re thinking that the original creations started with the making of the dolls, that was not actually what happened then. You see, before the days Strawberry Shortcake was manufactured as a doll, it was Muriel Fahrion who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll’s original design together with the character’s cat named Custard. This was done in 1977 when Fahrion worked at American Greetings at the Juvenile and Humorous card department as an illustrator for greeting cards. This design was shown to Bernie Loomis who was working in General Mills. After that, the design was granted as a licensing entity and Fahrion went on to creating more characters for American Greetings. The other characters included in the Strawberry Shortcake collection later emerged when Cindy Moyer Patton and Janet Jones collaborated in designing more characters to add with the original design of Strawberry Shortcake. A story line, profiles on each character’s personality, and a common philosophy was then added by the editor, Lyn Edwards and the American Greetings’ group. Delicious Names that Anyone can Remember The Strawberry Shortcake line of characters all had particular names resembling delicious desserts. They also come with their own fruit- or dessert-named pet. It would be easy to remember the names of the characters since the cartoon characters wore appropriate clothing to match. The hair of the all the charaters was also scented with their own paricular dessert-themed names....
Who Invented YouTube?

Who Invented YouTube?

YouTube was founded in 2005 and is to date the most popular video website in the world, with millions of viewers worldwide; Youtube allows users to watch videos posted by persons worldwide, and to upload videos of their own. There is also a forum where users get together to share information, or get to know each other; this forum also acts as a distribution hub for creators of videos and advertisers. Youtube has collaborated with a number of social networks including Facebook, Twitter, Buzz, MySpace, Hi5, and Blogger to name a few, to make it easier for users to share video with their friends on the various social networking sites; users can also access Youtube from mobile devices. YouTube was created by three former PayPal employees in 2005 and quickly grew in popularity to be where it is today; the founders are Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim who all met during their time at PayPal. Chad and Steve were the very first members of the Youtube management team. Chad Hurley was born in 1977 and joined PayPal while the company was in its early stages where he met Steve Chen and Jawed Karim; when he joined PayPal his intention was to enable PDA users to access PayPal and use their services. He is the designer of the PayPal logo. Steve Chen was born in 1978 and is a Taiwanese American who was born in Taiwan but emigrated to the USA when he was eight years old; he was an early employee at Facebook but he left Facebook after a couple of months in order to start YouTube. He is currently the Chief Technology Officer at YouTube even though it has been bought by Google. Jawed Karim was...
Who Invented the Phonograph?

Who Invented the Phonograph?...

The history of the phonograph shows that Thomas Edison filed for the patent in December 1877. But he actually started developing it a few months earlier. The Origin of the Phonograph Edison was actually working on his telegraph. His objective was to make the telegraph send messages again and again. He used papers with some indentations. His design had a diaphragm with a point and set it against paraffin paper. He would later replace the paper with a cylinder enfolded in tin foil. He handed the design to John Kruesi (his mechanic) who created the machine. Edison spoke through it, and his words were recorded. The first words that were used in the history of the phonograph were the nursery rhyme Mary had a Little Lamb. Improvements on the Phonograph A year after getting the patent, the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established. The machine became popular although only a few people were able to use it as it was complicated. However Edison didn’t work on the phonograph for a while as he focused on his other inventions. However other inventors would make improvements to his invention. In 1880 Alexander Graham Bell and Charles Tainter replaced the tin foil Edison used with wax. The needle was also replaced with a stylus. In response Edison came out with some improvements on his own model. The history of the phonograph reveal that Edison also used wax but also included stearic wax and ceresin. Edison followed this up in 1890 by releasing talking dolls using the phonograph’s wax cylinders. They came out with some musical cylinders. Nine years later a phonograph parlor was opened. The parlor was located in San Francisco. People would pay a nickel and their selection from the list...
Who Invented Opera?

Who Invented Opera?

The history of opera began in the 1500s in Italy. Jacopo Peri’s Dafne (1598) is widely held to be the first opera ever performed. The Earliest Operas By the 15th century, several new musical instruments had emerged, notably the trumpet. This instrument, along with other ones, changed the face of stage plays considerably. The result was that actors had to belt out their lines or sing along so their voices wouldn’t get drowned out by the music. This innovative approach would gain popularity throughout Europe. The Medici family of Florence was known for being patrons of the arts. Some historians believe that they commissioned Jacopo Peri to compose Dafne in 1598. In the history of opera, this play is often singled out as the first. However some historians bevel opera came about in stages and not via one play. Opera Spreads throughout Europe The impact of Dafne and succeeding plays was immense. The new musical form spread from Italy to France, Germany and the Austrian Empire. With the exception of Italy however, acceptance of opera was limited to the wealthy and aristocratic. Opera took a strong hold in Venice, and it would eventually become the staging ground for some of the finest operas in the continent. Claudio Monteverdi became one of the leading composers of the Renaissance. His inaugural play Orpheo was conducted in 1607. What set him apart from the others was that his plays were designed for everyone. Unlike other operas, his compositions had appeal for both royalty and merchant. This was a significant point in the history of opera. As opera became widespread, two forms emerged, opera seria (dramatic) and opera buffa (comedic). At the same time, stories changed. The storylines became more complex, with symbolism...
Who Invented the Microphone?

Who Invented the Microphone?...

A microphone is an instrument that converts sound waves into electric signals. These signals are then changed back into sound waves in speakers. Microphones are universally employed in media and telecommunications to increase the volume of sound. The word microphone was coined by Sir Charles Wheatstone. But he did not invent it. Biography of the Microphone Inventor The inventor of the microphone was Emile Berliner. He was born in 1851 in Hanover, Germany. At the age of 19 he moved to Washington D.C. where he studied physics. Berliner became fascinated by new developments in audio technology. Specifically the phonograph and telephone. He invented the first microphone for use with the latter. Bell Company bought the patent from him and hired him as well in Boston, Massachusetts. He lived there from 1877 to 1883 when he returned to D.C. Berliner patented the gramophone or phonograph in 1887. It was 6 years after he became an American citizen. His other inventions included a loom and an early prototype of the helicopter. The First Microphone Invented Berliner invented the microphone after seeing the new telephone at work for the first time. Berliner attended the US Centennial Exposition to witness a demonstration of the telephone. He liked it like all the other inventors did. But Berliner noticed the sound quality wasn’t very good. He wondered how he could make it better. In 1876 at the age of 25, Berliner invented the first microphone, which was an improved voice transmitter for the telephone. The microphone amplified the normal human voice through speakers. The owner of the first telephones, Bell Company, was pleased with the invention. Berliner sold the patent to them for a handsome $50,000. His creation became very popular. Other Developments of the...
Who Invented the Overhead Projector?

Who Invented the Overhead Projector?...

The history of the overhead projector points to Roger Appledorn as its inventor. He created the device in the 1960s, but the basic concept was already known and used years before. The Beginnings of the Overhead Projector The earliest known device comparable to the overhead projector was the episcope which came out in the early 1900s. The projector directs light on the object. Several lenses would be used to place the image on a screen. However it was difficult to setup and usage was limited. It was not until the 1940s that the idea was put to practical use. The US military developed a device similar to the projector. The design involved using the slide projectors to put images on a screen. Other devices used in the early history of the overhead projector were cellophane rolls set on a 9 inch stage. This process allowed facial traits to be set on the stage. The 1950s to the 1980s During the 1950s there were projector-like devices being narketed. Buhl Industries was one of the first to market these machines, but it was Apledorn’s work that set the standard. He was working at 3M in the Thermal Fax section. The company wasn’t too keen on his invention. The chalkboard was commonplace and his superiors believed that the projector was simply going to duplicate its work. However, Appledorn and some of his colleagues saw the device’s potential. They started giving demonstrations of the device to school administrators. In a short span of time, the device became popular. The history of the overhead projector shows that it gained high acceptance particularly in classrooms. By the 1980s, the projectors had become widespread. It was used not just in universities but also in business offices....
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