Who Invented Google?

Who Invented Google?

Google is one of the most popular and widely used search engines today. The company that developed the website is earning big profits from online mapping, e-mail messaging, social networking, video sharing, Internet search as well as office productivity. To help people from the different parts of the world have access to world’s information, Google Inc. also created a reliable mobile operating system and an efficient open source web browser. To know more about the success attained by the company, it is best to identify the people who contributed to the invention of the famous search engine. History of Google Who invented Google? Sergey Brin and Larry Page invented Google as a special project when they were students of Ph. D. at Stanford University in January 1996. The primary function of the search engine was to develop an efficient digital library for the students of the university. The project was funded and supported by the Graduate Fellowship of the National Science Foundation. To create the search engine, Page and Brin developed a very useful computer language known as the PageRank algorithm. The original domain name of the program created by the inventors is google.stanford.edu. It was only changed to google.com when they register the website on September 15, 1997. The inventors of the search engine established the company Google Inc. on September 4, 1998. After a year, the company relocated its offices to 165 University Avenue at Palo Alto. At first, the company only leased several buildings for the business operations. In 2006, the company purchased the properties for $319 million. Additional Information and Other Important Details To enhance the revenues of the company, Google Inc. started offering different advertisements related to search keywords in 2000. To keep the...
Who Invented Email?

Who Invented Email?

The history of email began with Ray Tomlinson in 1971. The program was created while he was working for the US government, specifically ARPANET (the future Internet). Tomlinson’s Work Tomlinson was working for the United States Defense Department in 1968. He was a computer engineer at the time. He started by developing an application called SNDMSG. Its purpose was to let ARPANET users relay messages. Originally, SNDMSG was local. That is, the messages could be sent only to users of that same computer. Tomlinson used the CYPNET (a transfer protocol) on the SNDMSG application. This allowed SNDMSG to send and receive email to any computer within the ARPANET network. This was how the history of email began. The First Email Message Tomlinson utilized the @ symbol for a simple reason: it would enable him to know which individual was at the system. Back them, the @ was inserted between the computer host and the user name. The first email Tomlinson sent was QWERTYUIOP. Early Use of Email Following Tomlinson’s invention, the service started to be used in the ARPANET. It was connected to the FTP (File Transfer Protocol). The FTP would eventually be replaced by the SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). FTP is still sometimes used today when downloading files off the World Wide Web. However it is important to note that email is much older than the Internet. Email was being used at ARPANET in the 1970s, long before the Net came into being. Other Email Prototypes The history of email shows that MIT had already demonstrated its potential back in 1961 with Compatible Time Sharing System (CTSS). This technology permitted users to gather and share files online. The other prototypes permitted communication on the mainframe. However it...
Who Invented the word Blog?

Who Invented the word Blog?...

Who invented the word “blog”? Introduction Blog is short for weblog. The term weblog was first coined in December 1997 by an American blogger named Jorn Barger. He used it to describe he would “log the web” as he surfed online. Later another blogger named Peter Merholz changed weblog to “we blog” in a 1999 post. Soon people were dropping the other word and just used “blog.” Jorn Barger Biography Jorn Barger was born in Yellow Springs, Ohio in the year 1953. He was the editor of “Robot Wisdom,” a widely read blog from the early days of blogging. Barger liked to blog about the Irish writer James Joyce and artificial intelligence. He participated heavily in Usenet newsgroups in the 1990s, writing about Joyce, Kate Bush and other topics. He came up with a newsgroups “law” stating that the more interesting one’s own life is, the less he or she posts in online discussions. Barger created the Robot Wisdom weblog posting links about politics, technology, internet culture, books, artificial intelligence and other subjects. It became an online journal recording his day to day intellectual and reading activities. Barger’s blog gained wide acclaim. The influential New York Times remarked that the Robot Wisdom made life easier for people. With the blog, one could gain quick access to quality information without having to search the web by oneself. The Register praised Barger as well, saying no one could read news better than he. However the blog pioneer is not without critics. He has come under fire several times for allegedly racist comments against the Jews and Judaism. Blog Basics Blogs have gone from being simple web journals to big business. There are several types of blogs, such as: Personal blogs –...
Who Invented Napster?

Who Invented Napster?

Napster easily made a name in the world of online service by offering good quality music files, which people were able to share instantly with each other. It directly went against the interest of the music industry, which claimed that this particular type of service was in fact involved in massive violations of copyright. However, the idea behind it was so good that it eventually led to the development of peer-to-peer file-distribution programs that are decentralized. Besides these and many other interesting details, it is also good to know who invented Napster. The Invention of Napster Who invented Napster? Based on reports, a computer programmer named Shawn Fanning was the one who invented the idea behind such innovative online music file-sharing service during that time. He then formed a partnership with an entrepreneur named Sean Parker. Together, they released the original version of Napster some time in June 1999. Unlike other services such as USENET, Hotline and IRC, the service centered on MP3 music files. Furthermore, many people loved it right away because of its efficient but user-friendly interface. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Upon its initial release, people found so many different reasons to love the service provided by the original Napster. First, it owned a system comprised of a wide range of downloadable music. Secondly, the service offered people the wonderful opportunity to download and enjoy songs that were once very difficult to obtain such as concert bootleg recordings, unreleased music albums and singles as well as older songs. Furthermore, it also gave people the chance to get digital copies of songs that made use of other formats like cassette tape and LP. Because Napster facilitated the transfer of copyrighted music, the Recording Industry Association of...
Who Invented the Computer Mouse?

Who Invented the Computer Mouse?...

The mouse was invented by Douglas Engelbart in 1965 while working at the Stanford Research Institute. He was also helped by his colleague Bill English. The history of the computer mouse shows he never profited from it. The patent had expired long before the device came into wide usage. Early Prototypes Before Engelbart developed the mouse, the trackball had already been invented. In 1954, the Canadian Navy created the device for utilization on the DATAR system. The mouse Engelbart made was large and had two wheels. Although he invented the mouse in 1965, he only patented it in 1970. He called the device an XY Position Indicator for a Display System. The basic idea was actually inspired by the telautograph which was designed back in the 19th century. A couple of years later (1972) Bill English created the ball mouse. This was an improvement from the original and marked a significant point in the history of the computer mouse. Unlike the mouse with wheels, the ball allowed the mouse to move in any direction. The device was included in the Xerox computer where English was working at the time. Other Mouse Types In 1975, another type of ball mouse was created by Jack Hawley also while working at Xerox. Honeywell later produced a wheeled mouse which moved along its axes. However it was in the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne that the standard mouse appeared. The project was headed by André Guignard and Professor Jean-Daniel Nicoud. Their design would change the history of the computer mouse. They changed the rubber ball so that it became harder and more stable. They also increased the buttons to three. This would remain the standard until the mid 1990s when the third button...
Who Invented the World Wide Web?

Who Invented the World Wide Web?...

The Web as we know it today was invented by Tim Berners Lee and Robert Cailliau. In 1989 they proposed a hypertext database for sharing information. In 1990 they created the basic Web system and the browser. The following is an overview of the history of the World Wide Web. Why the Web was Invented Lee was working for CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in the 1980s. He was looking for a way for physicists and scientists to share data. He wanted to device a system that would make data sharing easy regardless of machine or application being used. He decided to call the system the World Wide Web. Together with Cailliau, Lee developed the basic features of the Web. These included the HTTP (hypertext markup protocol), HTML (hypertext markup language) and a browser. The browser had FTP and newsgroup capabilities built in. In 1992 a browser called Erwise was developed which supported graphics. However the Web was still used mainly for scientific research. Growth and Expansion The pivotal point in the history of the World Wide Web took place in 1993 when the Mosaic browser appeared. It was invented by the NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications). It supported pictures, text and other media. This led to widespread support. This was followed by the release of Cello, the first Web browser for Windows. It came out in 1993. In 1994, Marc Andreessen (Mosaic inventor) and James Clark decided to market Mosaic. They altered the name to Netscape Navigator that year. Netscape would prove enormously popular. The browser not only supported text and graphics but it also supported third party plug ins for sound and animation. Eventually Netscape would include other advanced scripting capabilities as well. Netscape’s success...
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