Who Invented the QWERTY Keyboard?

Who Invented the QWERTY Keyboard?...

Introduction The QWERTY is called so because of the first 6 letters on its top left side. The QWERTY was not originally a computer keyboard. It was a design for typewriters. The QWERTY Inventor The American inventor Christopher Sholes designed the QWERTY keyboard. Sholes worked as a newspaper in Milwaukee. When his compositors went on a strike, he tried to invent a typesetting machine so he wouldn’t have to rely on them anymore. But he did not succeed. Sholes also wanted to invent a device that would number pages in a book easily. Together with another inventor, Samuel Soule, he created a machine for numbering in 1866. Sholes would have stopped there. But a fellow inventor Carlos Glidden suggested that the machine might be able to type letters as well. Later on in 1867, Sholes was the Scientific American magazine. He read an article about the Plerotype typewriter invented by John Pratt, an Englishman. Sholes then had the idea to invent his own typewriter. So Sholes got together with Soule and Glidden once again. Their very first collaboration was a piano-like machine with white and black keys. There were no separate keys for the numbers 0 and 1 since the letters O and I could be substituted. The trio of inventors patented their work on July 1868. The three men approached many people with their invention, using letters made with their typewriter. James Desmore of Pennsylvania became interested and bought one-fourth of the patent rights without inspecting design first. When he finally saw it, he said more work needed to be done before it could be marketed. Soule and Glidden soon gave up, relinquishing the rest of the patent to Sholes. Sholes next turned to stenographers to test their...
Who Invented Google?

Who Invented Google?

Google is one of the most popular and widely used search engines today. The company that developed the website is earning big profits from online mapping, e-mail messaging, social networking, video sharing, Internet search as well as office productivity. To help people from the different parts of the world have access to world’s information, Google Inc. also created a reliable mobile operating system and an efficient open source web browser. To know more about the success attained by the company, it is best to identify the people who contributed to the invention of the famous search engine. History of Google Who invented Google? Sergey Brin and Larry Page invented Google as a special project when they were students of Ph. D. at Stanford University in January 1996. The primary function of the search engine was to develop an efficient digital library for the students of the university. The project was funded and supported by the Graduate Fellowship of the National Science Foundation. To create the search engine, Page and Brin developed a very useful computer language known as the PageRank algorithm. The original domain name of the program created by the inventors is google.stanford.edu. It was only changed to google.com when they register the website on September 15, 1997. The inventors of the search engine established the company Google Inc. on September 4, 1998. After a year, the company relocated its offices to 165 University Avenue at Palo Alto. At first, the company only leased several buildings for the business operations. In 2006, the company purchased the properties for $319 million. Additional Information and Other Important Details To enhance the revenues of the company, Google Inc. started offering different advertisements related to search keywords in 2000. To keep the...
Who Invented Email?

Who Invented Email?

The history of email began with Ray Tomlinson in 1971. The program was created while he was working for the US government, specifically ARPANET (the future Internet). Tomlinson’s Work Tomlinson was working for the United States Defense Department in 1968. He was a computer engineer at the time. He started by developing an application called SNDMSG. Its purpose was to let ARPANET users relay messages. Originally, SNDMSG was local. That is, the messages could be sent only to users of that same computer. Tomlinson used the CYPNET (a transfer protocol) on the SNDMSG application. This allowed SNDMSG to send and receive email to any computer within the ARPANET network. This was how the history of email began. The First Email Message Tomlinson utilized the @ symbol for a simple reason: it would enable him to know which individual was at the system. Back them, the @ was inserted between the computer host and the user name. The first email Tomlinson sent was QWERTYUIOP. Early Use of Email Following Tomlinson’s invention, the service started to be used in the ARPANET. It was connected to the FTP (File Transfer Protocol). The FTP would eventually be replaced by the SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). FTP is still sometimes used today when downloading files off the World Wide Web. However it is important to note that email is much older than the Internet. Email was being used at ARPANET in the 1970s, long before the Net came into being. Other Email Prototypes The history of email shows that MIT had already demonstrated its potential back in 1961 with Compatible Time Sharing System (CTSS). This technology permitted users to gather and share files online. The other prototypes permitted communication on the mainframe. However it...
Who Invented Video Games?

Who Invented Video Games?...

No single individual can be credited with creating the first video game. But as this brief history of video games will show, several people played a prominent role in its growth and expansion. The Earliest Video Games The records show that in 1952, A.S. Douglas developed a graphical computer game. The game was Tic Tac Toe and it was created on the EDSAC vacuum tube computer. However it isn’t generally considered to be a video game. The first real video game is said to be William Higinbotham’s Tennis for Two. This game came out in 1958. The next innovation came in 1962 when Steve Russell came out with Spacewar! The game was played on a MIT PDP-1 mainframe computer. The history of video games would change in 1967 when Ralph Baer created a game called Chase. It was the first game to be played on a TV screen. The 1970s Arcade Games Several important developments took place in the 1970s. Nolan Bushnell and his associate Ted Dabney came out with Computer Space, and the video arcade was born. In 1972 the game Pong came out (Pong is often erroneously referred to as the first video game). Later that year Bushnell and Dabney would team up again and form Atari Computers. It was also in 1972 a home video game console became available. It was produced by Magnavox. Called the Odyssey, it came with a dozen games. Four years later, the Fairchild Video Entrainment System appeared. A study of the history of video games will show that a lot of the classic games came out during the 1970s. Following the success of Atari, Space Invaders came out in 1978, and was also well received. In 1979, colors began to be...
Who Invented the Internet?

Who Invented the Internet?...

The Internet was not created by a single individual. If you assess the history of the Internet, it will reveal that it was the product of different ideas and concepts that merged together. Origin of the Internet The basic ideas for the Internet came in 1957. The US Defense Department created the ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). Its purpose was to produce technologies that the military could use. In the 1960s ARPA and MIT (Massachusetts institute of technology) corroborated to share information and technology. They would do this by joining networks using phones. In 1966, Larry Roberts (from the MIT) introduced the ARPANET, which consisted of computers linked over long distances. The history of the Internet was also affected by packet switching, a technology that allowed for faster and cost effective data transmissions. In 1969, universities were allowed to be a part of the network nodes. UCLA and Standard were among the early ones. By 1971, several more universities were included. By 1973, ARPANET had also established a node in London, England. The 1970s Several milestones were attained in the 1970s. TCP (Transmission Control Program) was developed and made data transfer easier. Unix was also developed in 1976 and the same year email was used for the first time by the Queen of England. The history of the Internet in the 70s was also marked by the birth of USENET. This would be the model upon which all discussion groups and forums would be modeled. The 1980s and 1990s The development of the TCP/IP (Transmission Protocol and Internet Protocol) in 1982 is one of the earliest references to the word Internet itself. In 1985 symbolics.com became the initial domain name to be registered. It was in 1988 that the...
Who Invented Napster?

Who Invented Napster?

Napster easily made a name in the world of online service by offering good quality music files, which people were able to share instantly with each other. It directly went against the interest of the music industry, which claimed that this particular type of service was in fact involved in massive violations of copyright. However, the idea behind it was so good that it eventually led to the development of peer-to-peer file-distribution programs that are decentralized. Besides these and many other interesting details, it is also good to know who invented Napster. The Invention of Napster Who invented Napster? Based on reports, a computer programmer named Shawn Fanning was the one who invented the idea behind such innovative online music file-sharing service during that time. He then formed a partnership with an entrepreneur named Sean Parker. Together, they released the original version of Napster some time in June 1999. Unlike other services such as USENET, Hotline and IRC, the service centered on MP3 music files. Furthermore, many people loved it right away because of its efficient but user-friendly interface. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Upon its initial release, people found so many different reasons to love the service provided by the original Napster. First, it owned a system comprised of a wide range of downloadable music. Secondly, the service offered people the wonderful opportunity to download and enjoy songs that were once very difficult to obtain such as concert bootleg recordings, unreleased music albums and singles as well as older songs. Furthermore, it also gave people the chance to get digital copies of songs that made use of other formats like cassette tape and LP. Because Napster facilitated the transfer of copyrighted music, the Recording Industry Association of...
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