Who Invented Nintendo?

Who Invented Nintendo?

The history of Nintendo began in 1889. Its founder was Fusajiro Yamauchi. The company actually started by making gaming cards, but eventually made its mark in the electronic gaming industry. 1950s to the 1960s The card game Nintendo Koppai (as it was known then) was called Hanafuda. It would become a hit. However the company realized the limits of the playing card game business and decided to expand. From the 1950s to the early 1970s, the company tried other businesses besides selling cards. These included peddling rice, running a taxi and hotels. All these ventures failed and by the 1960s sales of playing cards went down. The Mid 1970s and 1980s The turning point in the history of Nintendo came when they ventured into the toy industry. Initially they weren’t successful but in 1974 obtained the right to sell the Odyssey video game console. Three years later, Nintendo started making its own small consoles. The company would achieve success when they moved into the emerging video arcade industry. The first game they released was EVR Race. However it was the 1981 game Donkey Kong that established Nintendo as a force to be reckoned with. Nintendo followed this up not just with more games but with other consoles and devices, such as the Game and Watch. The Family Computer The success of Game and Watch would be eclipsed by the Family Computer, which would change the history of Nintendo. The home video game console was released in America in 1985 as the Nintendo Entertainment System. This was followed by the Super FamiCom and the Game Boy in 1989. The Super FamiCom (or SNES) sold nearly 50 million units. For a while its biggest rival was the Sega Mega Drive (or...
Who Invented Money?

Who Invented Money?

Since the history of money extends to thousands of years into world history we can never really tell who invented money. By tracing the origin and history of trade we can deduce how money came into use according to the form we are familiar with today. When we say money, most of us would either think of coins or paper money. However, delving into its origins, we will see that money wasn’t always made of paper or metal. Defining Money When people talk about who invented money and its use they are basically talking about what essentially is a token. Money is actually an abstraction of a thing’s value. Paper currency is the most common form of physical money we all know. However, this wasn’t always the case essentially in the earlier centuries when money was already in existence. Origin and Emergence Money wasn’t always made of paper or coins, which is what is common today. During the earliest days of its use, money was usually a commodity or what we otherwise would call commodity money. People used to barter goods one for another carrying them around or transporting them on ships. The Phoenicians were known to take their commodities on ships making it easy to transport them and take back whatever goods they got in exchange. Scale economies were also developed as time went on. For example, the Sumer civilization based their economy on a scale system using commodity money. However, neither the Sumer civilization nor the Phoenicians can be said to be the ones who invented money. Other system of weights included the use of the shekel which has reference to a particular mass of barley. This can be correlated to system that is metric using copper,...
Who Invented Starbucks?

Who Invented Starbucks?

Starbucks is one of the most highly recognized coffee chains in the world today. Thanks to its wide array of product offerings, many people just cannot resist to drop by at its stores and enjoy delicious cups of great-tasting and invigorating beverages. It offers an assortment of cold and hot coffee, all of which are guaranteed to satisfy different types of customers. It is good to know the rich and colorful history of this highly successful coffee provider including information on who invented Starbucks. The Invention of Starbucks Who invented Starbucks? In 1971, Gordon Bowker, Zev Siegel and Jerry Baldwin signed a partnership that eventually launched the very first Starbucks store at 2000 Western Avenue, just along Pike Place Market within the area of Seattle in Washington State. During that time, an entrepreneur named Alfred Peet inspired them to sell superior quality coffee beans and highly durable equipment. Some time between 1971 and 1976, the store was transferred to 1912 Pike Place. Until now, this store continues to operate. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details In 1982, the company hired the entrepreneur named Howard Schultz to serve as its Marketing Director. He suggested the idea to expand the coffee chain into a beverage business. However, the owners did not want the idea and it was rejected in the end. After that, Schultz decided to start his very own coffee bar chain called II Giomale in 1985. Some time in 1987, II Giomale purchased Starbucks. After that significant move, the different outlets of II Giomale were rebranded as Starbucks. This all-important decision led to the successful expansion of the company. Aside from its branches in Seattle, it was able to bring its stores outside the area, particularly in places like...
Who Invented Carbon Nanotubes?

Who Invented Carbon Nanotubes?...

The history of carbon nanotubes began in 1952 when two Russian scientists, L. V. Radushkevich and V. M. Lukyanovich published pictures of carbon diameter tubes. They measured 50 nanometers. Discoveries about the Carbon Nanotubes The findings of the Russian scientists were not given much publicity. A lot of Western scientists did not even know about it because it was the period of the Cold War. In fact some researchers assert that carbon nanotubes may have been invented prior to 1952, but there’s no way to prove this yet. Other scientists began making observations about carbon nanotubes. In 1976, Endo, Koyama and Oberlin showed images of carbon fibers with nanometer dimensions. In the history of carbon nanotubes, the three scientists were also the first to show images of a nanotube with a solitary graphene wall. Six years later, John Abrahamson displayed more proof for carbon nanotubes. His paper classified carbon nanotubes as fibers which were produced during an arc discharge. Findings in the 1980s and 2000s In 1981, Russian scientists published more findings. The carbon multi layer tubular crystals (as it was known then) were made by rolling graphene layers into cylindrical shapes. In 1987, Howard Tennet was given a patent for his cylindrical discrete carbon fibrils. This was followed in 1991 by Sumio Lijima’s unearthing of multi walled carbon nanotubes in arc burned graphite rods. In fact some accounts of the history of carbon nanotubes mistakenly point to Lijima as the discoverer of carbon nanotubes. The findings of Lijima led to more research and discovery. In 1995, Swiss scientists showed the electron emission property of the nanotubes. Two years later the carbon nanotube signal electron transistors were demonstrated at Berkeley. The following year demos of the carbon nanotube field...
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