Who Invented Physical Fitness?

Who Invented Physical Fitness?...

Who Invented Physical Fitness? Physical fitness as a special discipline was unknown in times past. Men and women had to go out and get things just about all the time. So there was no need to invent activities just to stay fit. Primitive people (10,000 BC and earlier) for example, were always out hunting or gathering food, chasing (or running away from) wild animals, or moving to new territory. Things changed somewhat at around 8,000 BC when men first learned how to raise crops and keep farm animals. But their lives were still very active on the whole. It was only much later when human life became very sedentary that the concept of physical fitness began to arise. At some point in time, people began to associate certain diseases with wrong or lack of physical exercise. It is here we can say that physical fitness has its first incarnation as a separate discipline. The oldest traces of references to physical fitness go back to around 2,500 BC in different regions. Foremost of these was Greece. It was the Greeks who invented both the Olympics and the gymnasiums. The Athenians idealized the human body and physical fitness so much that they held sports events regularly to celebrate it. Physical strength played an even bigger role in Sparta, but it was more for military purposes than anything else. In China, the government and society were strongly influenced by Confucius’ ideas. Confucianism encouraged physical fitness for health as well as ethical reasons. The Chinese Taoists also had reasons to invent physical fitness: they wanted to extend life if not become immortal. So the Chinese developed exercise routines known as Kung Fu, Tai Chi, Chi Kung and other names. A similar development happened...
Who Invented the Pencil?

Who Invented the Pencil?...

Some kids would say in jest that Mr. Pencil invented the pencil. However, to correctly answer inquisitive young minds who keep wondering who invented the pencil, here are some facts. The First Pencil Was a Failure The first attempt to invent a pencil was not successful. It was made of powdered or pulverized graphite. The result was a poor quality pencil that easily broke. Graphite and clay should be mixed well to produce a proper kind of pencil. This was done by the man who invented the pencil properly. All quality pencil makers today, owe it to the first pencil maker who perfected the right formula for it. A French Army Officer Invented it In 1795, a French officer belonging to the army of Napoleon invented and patented the first quality pencil on earth. Nicholas Jacques Conte or simply NJ Conte discovered that ground graphite, when mixed with the right kinds of clay, produced the best lead for pencils. Pencils do not really contain lead. The black thin material in pencils is a mix of graphite, carbon, and clay. NJ Conte, the first pencil maker, turned graphite into powder. Then he mixed it with moist doughs of clay and pressed the thing to make thin sticks. He then cooked it in a kiln. This man who invented the pencil, outdid his German counterparts. Faber Pencils Later, the Faber family took it from there and produced quality pencils using the Conte formula. The same formula is used worldwide today. The writing implement was not named after NJ Conte. It was taken from the Latin word, “pencillus”. It means “little tail”, probably referring to the pointed lead tip. In those times, pencillus was used to refer to fine, pointed brushes before...
Who Invented the Laser?

Who Invented the Laser?

It was in 1960 when Theodore Maiman first showed the optical laser at work. However, the development and history of laser began in the early 1900s with Albert Einstein. Einstein’s Theory Laser is an acronym for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Basically it is a device that produces light by way of stimulated emission. It was Albert Einstein who postulated the theory of stimulated emissions back in 1917. What Einstein said was this: it’s possible to construct light rays that release energy. By making light rays with the proper frequency, it could be directed at atoms and produce energy. The Maser In 1958, Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow developed the maser (short for microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation). It wasn’t laser, but its development was crucial in the history of laser. The maser would be used to strengthen radio signals and used in space research as well. The First Lasers Two years later in 1960, Theodore Maiman created the ruby laser. However Gordon Gould was the first person to actually use the word laser. Gould was working with Dr. Townes when he mentioned the word laser in 1957. There are reports he had already invented the optical laser in 1957 but failed to patent it. It wasn’t until 1977 that Gould got his patent for the laser. However it remains that Maiman was the first to show a working laser. In 1960 Ali Javan invented the gas laser. It was the first in the history of laser to actually change electrical energy into laser. This was followed by Robert Hall’s invention of semiconductor laser in 1962. Two years later Kumar Patel developed the carbon dioxide laser, and this was followed by Hal Walker’s invention...
Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?

Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?...

Strawberry Shortcake is the name of the cute female character licensed and owned by greeting card company American Greetings Corp. It was intended primarily for use in greeting cards. Today, it is also featured in other products such as posters and dolls. Because of the positive response of consumers to this character, manufacturers started to gain interest on it. The product line has been expanded to include the pets as well as friends of the main character. To understand it more, here is a quick look at the person who invented Strawberry Shortcake. The Invention of Strawberry Shortcake Who invented Strawberry Shortcake? While working as illustrator of greeting cards at the Juvenile and Humorous card department of American Greetings, Muriel Fahrion drew the original design of the character. It was done some time in 1977, which included the main character together with her cat named Custard. After that, it was presented to General Mills executive Bernie Loomis, who helped the character become a licensing entity. She then worked for the toy and licensing design division of American Greetings. After Fahrion created Strawberry Shortcake, Janet Jones and Cindy Moyer Patton were assigned to design the other characters. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Besides inventing the Strawberry Shortcake character, Fahrion directed the production of the first doll of the character. Her sister Susan Trentel created the design for the rag doll. The personality profiles of the different characters of t he line are unique and very interesting. The names of the characters carry a dessert or fruity themes. Likewise, the names of their pets also have a dessert or fruity sound. The characters rose to fame some time in 1980s. They were featured in various kinds of things including video...
Who Invented Ice Cream?

Who Invented Ice Cream?

When the weather is hot and humid, it is natural for you to develop a liking for cold drinks and foods like ice cream. Whether taken in a cone or a glass, ice cream is absolutely enjoyable at any time of the day and at any occasion. You can even opt to choose from the different flavors and brands available in the market. With all these things that make ice cream highly favorable to most, have you ever wondered who invented ice cream and started it all? Early References – the Blurry and the Presumed Original Accounts The early makings of ice cream are said to be during the 4th century B.C. But there were also accounts that icehouses existed around 2,000 B.C. and have been used by Mesopotamians to store food. So, were the Mesopotamians the ones who invented ice cream? Who can tell when early similarities can also be traced back then to some Egyptian pharaohs who ordered ice during hot seasons in their places? Truly, the real accounts on where ice cream started may seem hazy. But there are other points in history that had given us a glimpse of how ice cream began. According to history, during the 37 to 68th century A.D., Nero ate a similar sweet ice cream concoction. During Nero’s time, ice was transported to Rome from the mountains to be used for making this sweet dish. The ice was mixed with fruit toppings, and was a favorite dessert in those times. In 618 to 97 A.D., King Tang of China also had a similar method using ice. They made their own ice and milk concoctions – that may be likened to the present-day sherbets. Because of this, the Chinese were believed...
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