Who Invented the Nobel Prize?

Who Invented the Nobel Prize?...

The Nobel Prize is an international prize awarded to individuals who have exemplary contributions to medicine or physiology, peace, literature, chemistry as well as physics. The award is presented by different educational institutions including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Karolinska Institutet. The prizes, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, are given at the yearly Prize Award Ceremony at Stockholm in Sweden every December 10. On the other hand, the Nobel Peace Prize is given at Oslo in Norway. To know more about the awards, let us start with knowing the history of the prestigious international prize. History Who invented the Nobel Prize? Outstanding Swedish chemist and high explosive dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel created the Nobel Prize. The awards were cited in his 1895 final will. In the will, Nobel detailed that 31 million Swedish Konor and 94 per cent of his assets would be allotted for the development of a fund. He intended to use the fund to recognize the outstanding contributions of five individuals annually to international peace and different fields including chemistry, physics and medicine. The final will was not finished so it took several years before the Nobel Prize was founded. The award was established in 1900 and the first set of awardees were recognized on December 10, 1901. Additional Information and Other Important Details For the nomination as well as selection of awardees, the award giving body assigned members of different committees to do the tasks. For instance, awardees for the prizes in economics, chemistry and physics are selected by the chosen members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Literary awardees are chosen by the elected committee members of the Swedish Academy. The recipients of the Prize in Medicine or Physiology...
Who Invented Zero?

Who Invented Zero?

Few persons ever sit down and think about numbers and where they come from; it is just one of those things that we take for granted. Even if a person does wonder where numbers come from, the typical answer is that numbers originated with Roman numerals, but there are records of numbers being used as far back as 6000 BCE; however this only refers to numbers starting from 1, what about the number zero, where did it come from? The history of the zero is different from that of other numbers as ancient numerical systems did not have a zero, and a space was used where a zero should be. So let’s talk a little about the number zero and how it got into the numerical system. Where Zero Came From There are a lot of different stories about where the number zero comes from; one story says that the zero was first used as a number in India in the 9th century AD by Indian mathematician Aryabhata. It is also said that Indian scholar Pingala along with his fellow scholars used the Sanskrit word ??nya to refer to the number zero. Another story says that the number zero was invented by the Mayan civilization for use on their calendars, while yet another story claims that the zero dates back to 300 B.C. and was invented in Babylon. In the European society there is no evidence of the number zero being used until after 800 AD by the Arabs who were coming to trade with the Europeans; the name zero was also derived from the Arabic language. By 130 AD Ptolemy was using a small circle with a long over-bar to represent a zero; this symbol was used by...
Who Invented the word Blog?

Who Invented the word Blog?...

Who invented the word “blog”? Introduction Blog is short for weblog. The term weblog was first coined in December 1997 by an American blogger named Jorn Barger. He used it to describe he would “log the web” as he surfed online. Later another blogger named Peter Merholz changed weblog to “we blog” in a 1999 post. Soon people were dropping the other word and just used “blog.” Jorn Barger Biography Jorn Barger was born in Yellow Springs, Ohio in the year 1953. He was the editor of “Robot Wisdom,” a widely read blog from the early days of blogging. Barger liked to blog about the Irish writer James Joyce and artificial intelligence. He participated heavily in Usenet newsgroups in the 1990s, writing about Joyce, Kate Bush and other topics. He came up with a newsgroups “law” stating that the more interesting one’s own life is, the less he or she posts in online discussions. Barger created the Robot Wisdom weblog posting links about politics, technology, internet culture, books, artificial intelligence and other subjects. It became an online journal recording his day to day intellectual and reading activities. Barger’s blog gained wide acclaim. The influential New York Times remarked that the Robot Wisdom made life easier for people. With the blog, one could gain quick access to quality information without having to search the web by oneself. The Register praised Barger as well, saying no one could read news better than he. However the blog pioneer is not without critics. He has come under fire several times for allegedly racist comments against the Jews and Judaism. Blog Basics Blogs have gone from being simple web journals to big business. There are several types of blogs, such as: Personal blogs –...
Who Invented American Idol?

Who Invented American Idol?...

Definitely one of the most highly anticipated shows in the world today, “American Idol” is a reality television show that offers viewers loads of surprises. This interactive talent show is currently on its way to start its ninth season. The show is known for featuring some of the best homegrown talents in the United States. It offers participants a once in a lifetime opportunity to shine and become popular worldwide. Despite its wondrous accomplishments, it is still good to look back and learn the colorful history of the show including who invented American Idol. The Invention of American Idol Who invented American Idol? Led by a group of directors that include Ken Warwick, Nigel Lythgoe and Bruce Gowers, the concept behind this highly interesting show was invented by Simon Fuller. Throughout the years, his name has been associated with some of the huge names in show business such as Annie Lennox, Spice Girls as well as past American Idol winners David Cook and Carrie Underwood. In 1998, he was able to create a format that revolutionized the world of television. Amongst the shows that he made by that time were Canadian Idol, Pop Idol and American Idol. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information After Fuller’s Pop Idol made some really serious noise in its first two installments in the United Kingdom, he decided to sell the show to the Fox Network in the United States. Upon its release, American Idol was an instant hit among various audiences. After that, the show has popularized show presenters Simon Cowell, Paula Abdul and Randy Jackson. This particular type of television format that Fuller created has an estimated value of more than $2.5 billion, the revenues of which are comprised of advertising sources,...
Who Invented Christmas?

Who Invented Christmas?

Christmas did not originate in the Christian religion. It came from the ancient Romans. Every year in December they held a festival called “Saturnalia” in honor of their god Saturn. The festival ran for a week starting in December 17 up to December 23. Saturnalia was a time of freedom and pleasure without consequence. People could do what they wanted and the law wouldn’t punish them. In fact, all courts of law were closed during the week-long festivities. The Romans would take this opportunity to play games, get drunk, run about naked and commit sexual acts that would be unacceptable at other times. Even the slaves got a break: for once the roles were reversed and they could insult their masters. A special banquet was prepared just for the slaves in each household. More disturbing, the Romans would choose an innocent person to be a type of scapegoat during the festival. This person would be considered the enemy of the community. He or she would be forced to self-indulge in many ways for a week, before being killed. The Christians used a clever tactic to get people to convert to their religion. They took the popular Roman festivals and changed them to fit into Christianity. While the names changed, the customs and practices stayed the same. It reassured people that they could convert to the new religion and still keep the old practices. Since Saturnalia was the major feast of the year, the Christians made it the birthday of their savior. However the actual Christmas Day itself, December 25, was not the last day of Saturnalia. It was the day of Sol Invictus, the “Invincible Sun.” Sol Invictus was part of a Roman warrior cult – in which the...
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