Who Invented the Phonograph?

Who Invented the Phonograph?...

The history of the phonograph shows that Thomas Edison filed for the patent in December 1877. But he actually started developing it a few months earlier. The Origin of the Phonograph Edison was actually working on his telegraph. His objective was to make the telegraph send messages again and again. He used papers with some indentations. His design had a diaphragm with a point and set it against paraffin paper. He would later replace the paper with a cylinder enfolded in tin foil. He handed the design to John Kruesi (his mechanic) who created the machine. Edison spoke through it, and his words were recorded. The first words that were used in the history of the phonograph were the nursery rhyme Mary had a Little Lamb. Improvements on the Phonograph A year after getting the patent, the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established. The machine became popular although only a few people were able to use it as it was complicated. However Edison didn’t work on the phonograph for a while as he focused on his other inventions. However other inventors would make improvements to his invention. In 1880 Alexander Graham Bell and Charles Tainter replaced the tin foil Edison used with wax. The needle was also replaced with a stylus. In response Edison came out with some improvements on his own model. The history of the phonograph reveal that Edison also used wax but also included stearic wax and ceresin. Edison followed this up in 1890 by releasing talking dolls using the phonograph’s wax cylinders. They came out with some musical cylinders. Nine years later a phonograph parlor was opened. The parlor was located in San Francisco. People would pay a nickel and their selection from the list...
Who Invented the Ironing Board?

Who Invented the Ironing Board?...

After the emergence of the iron, many had lesser predicaments regarding the look and feel of their clothes that they wear. But using the early models of the iron still posed a new problem: Where to iron the clothes? That question seemed to be voiced by a lot of people before a black woman, who invented the ironing board, came to help the people have an easier time to iron clothes. Who is this woman who invented the ironing board? The Known Creator of the Ironing Board During the 19th century, a former slave named Sarah Boone gained a worthy achievement that brought this inventor not only glorious fame and success, but also hostile detractors who didn’t believe in Boone’s invention that much. Nevertheless, this invention of the ironing board was patented, and Boone was said to be among the first African Americans who garnered a patent for a particular useful invention. Its patent (U.S. Patent #473,653) was done in the 26th of April in 1892. Doubts about Boone’s Invention As aforementioned, not everyone actually really accepted Boone’s invention of the ironing board. Some argue that this model was merely an improvement of earlier and existing versions made by others. According to these people, Boone wasn’t the first who invented the board for pressing clothes. However, most people say that these claims may seem to be inaccurate even if there are actual records of a number of early inventions of this product. The Features of the Ironing Board Invented The ironing board that Boone designed and invented had a number of useful features: Those who had seen the patent can see that the design had a curved and narrow design. It was also reversible. And that made it simpler...
Who Invented the Cell Phone?

Who Invented the Cell Phone?...

The mobile or cell phone was invented by Martin Cooper in 1973. The history of the cell phone shows that Nathan Stubblefield had a patent in 1908. However the patent was for cave radio phones and not the mobile device as we know it today. Early History As stated, Stubblefield’s patent was for cave radio telephones, as the device was known then. The mobile phone’s origin can be traced back to the 1940s. Bell Labs had already made some mobile base stations. These were refined in the 1960s but they were mainly for radio telephony. The main users of radio telephony during those days were the military. These hand held radio gadgets had been patented in 1969 to George Sweigert. The history of the cell phone began in 1945 and these early phones are now called zero generation phones. It consisted of a solitary base that would cover a specific spot and had very limited coverage. First Generation Phones Cooper’s invention was patented on October 17, 1973. the first phone call was made by Cooper months before he applied for the patent, on April 3, 1973. He made the call to Dr. Joel Engel, a researcher at AT&T’s Bell Labs. Cooper was working at Motorola at the time, and the call was made with several media people present. Soon after, companies started making cellular networks. Although the telephone was still dominant, other companies started coming out with cell phones, although they were still large and heavy. Second Generation Phones The next stage in the history of the cell phone was the development of 2G (second generation) phones. Among the earliest 2G phone systems were GSM, IDEN, and IS-95. GSM networks started appearing in 1991 (specifically in Finland). Compared with...
Who Invented Bingo?

Who Invented Bingo?

The invention of Bingo dates back to 1929; although a game similar to it dates back centuries before, which is where bingo originated. This article seeks to investigate the historical facts of Bingo. Bingo is similar to an Italian lottery that was played in the 1530s and was called “Lo Giuoco del Lotto D’Italia”. The game is based more on chance rather than skill. The popularity of the game grew over the years and spread to the French by the late 1770s. In France, the game was called “Le Lotto” and was played among wealthy Frenchmen. A version of the game was played in Germany to help students to learn spelling, math and history in the 1800s. A carnival pitchman, who was on tour in Germany, introduced it to America. It was in 1929 and it was known as “Beano”. He explored the potential for the game as he made some changes to the game he learnt. A New York toy salesman named Edwin S. Lowe visited a carnival in Atlanta, Georgia where he first saw the game being played. The crowd was very curious and quite excited about the game. The game was being played in a tent and it engaged the crowd so much, that the person in charge of the tent had much difficulty ending the game. This was evident when he made attempts to bring the game to close as persons would complain of not having had a chance at the game. It was after much effort that he was successful. Lowe, himself, was not able to play based on the thick crowd. However, upon returning to his hometown in New York, Mr. Lowe introduced the game to friends. The same kind of excitement was...
Who Invented the NBA?

Who Invented the NBA?

The NBA, which stands for the National Basketball Association, is probably the most popular international basketball league today. Although it is concentrated in North America, its global appeal never fails to get the attention as well as the interest of people from all parts of the world. In order to understand it better, it is good to look back at its colorful history including who invented the NBA. The Invention of the NBA Who invented the NBA? According to historical records, the National Basketball League and the Basketball Association of America were responsible for the invention of the NBA. One of the most important names among the members of those two pioneer basketball organizations was Walter A. Brown. In 1946, he was highly influential in establishing the BAA. Likewise, he is one of the individuals credited for merging the BAA and the National Basketball League, which eventually led to the start of the NBA. Aside from the NBA, he was also credited for establishing the Celtics franchise some time in 1945. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information On June 6, 1946, the BAA was founded in the City of New York. In 1949, the group decided to merge with the rival organization and adopt the National Basketball Association as its new name. Today, the league is comprised of 30 teams, which is subdivided into the Western Conference and the Eastern Conference. The West is made up of three divisions, namely the Southwest, Pacific and Northwest. Under the Southwest Division are the San Antonio Spurs, New Orleans Hornets, Memphis Grizzlies, Houston Rockets and Dallas Mavericks. Meanwhile, the Pacific Division is comprised of the Sacramento Kings, Phoenix Suns, Los Angeles Lakers, Los Angeles Clippers and Golden State Warriors. The Northwest Division...
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