Who Invented Online Shopping?

Who Invented Online Shopping?...

Online shopping is the business term used to refer to the process that customers go through to avail services or buy products that can be accessed with the use of the Internet. Some of the entities that act as retail stores in this process are the webshop, online shop, virtual store as well as the Internet shop. This process is a special kind of electronic commerce that is used for business-to consumer as well as business-to-business transactions. To know more about this, let us have a look at the history of the development of online shopping History Who invented online shopping? This process was invented by Rediffusion Computers employee Michael Aldrich in Great Britain in 1979. In order to prove that the process would work, Aldrich used an efficient technology that has Videotex. Two years after the launch of online shopping, the first business-to-business transaction happened with the initiative from Thomson Holidays. After this, both business-to-consumer as well as business-to-business transactions were widely used in the area in the 1980s. Gateshead, England resident Jane Snowball was the first online shopper who purchased items from Tesco. The transaction happened in May 1984. Six years after this event, the first browser as well as a server that could be used to access the World Wide Web were introduced. In 1992, Book Stacks Unlimited, a website developed by Charles stock was known as the first web bookstore. After two years, Amazon, another popular online bookstore was created by Jeff Bezos. In 1994, different online shops were created. These include online banks as well as the online retail shop of Pizza Hut. To ensure that transactions were secured, the SSL data transferred online encryption were launched by Netscape. Additional Information and Other Important...
Who Invented Shampoo?

Who Invented Shampoo?

Shampoo is a solution and hair care product that is used to remove dirt, oil, skin particles and dandruff from hair. These pollutants build up in hair over time and need to be removed to maintain personal hygiene and well groomed hair. It is necessary to remove these particles from hair without stripping the scalp of sebum which is a natural oil. History Shampoo can be traced as far back as India as it was used by ancient tribes in that time. The English word shampoo is derived from the Hindi word ch?mpo. Its usage dates as far back as 1762. The word ch?mpo refers to the action of massaging the head with hair oil. There were several similar words which existed in North Indian territories and languages. This practise was adopted by Britain through Sake Dean Mahomed, a Bengali entrepreneur. He introduced shampoo and the action of massaging the hair in a vapour bath while working in London. He and his wife later opened a steam vapor and medicated bath. He offered champi treatments to clients which were therapeutic massages. He later became a ‘Shampoo Surgeon’ to William IV and George IV. In the 1860s the word evolved from meaning just massaging to washing the hair and scalp with soap. Before then regular soap was used to wash hair but because of the thick film of residue left behind, and its properties of leaving hair dry, unhealthy looking and irritated it was rarely practised. Invention Shampooing was honed by several English hair stylists who shaved soap and added herbs and made it into a concoction. The herbs were added to give hair fragrance and shine. Kasey Herbert is one of the first known inventors of shampoo. He is...
Who Invented the Violin?

Who Invented the Violin?...

The violin belongs to a family of stringed instruments, which also include the cello and viola. Among these three, it is the highest-pitched and smallest. More importantly, it is used widely in the different musical genres including rock and roll, pop punk as well as folk music. Likewise, it is also played as part of jazz, classical and Baroque music. In addition to these interesting things, it is also good to know something about its history, particularly who invented the violin. The Invention of the Violin Who invented the violin? Renowned violinmaker Andrea Amati constructed the very first violin sometime in 1555. Before that, there was a violin-like instrument called violetta, which only had three strings instead of the usual four strings that are found in modern-day violins. Because of the nice pleasant sound that it produced, the King of France Charles IX ordered him to manufacture 24 pieces of the instrument. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details By the 18th century, the original design of the violin underwent a number of significant changes. After that, the violin featured a heavier brass bar. The most expensive violin ever sold was a Stradivari violin, which was auctioned for the price of $3,544,000. Whey using a violin, there are several bowing techniques available like the martele, which is done through sudden and forceful bow strokes. Another technique is called col legno, which is done by drawing the stick across the strings rather than the hair. To execute a pizzicato, a player must use the fingers of his or her right hand to pluck the strings instead of the bow. To perform a mute, a small device referred to as mute is necessary. This apparatus is usually made from wood, rubber or...
Who Invented Makeup?

Who Invented Makeup?

Oldest Evidence of Makeup The first evidence of makeup appeared in ancient Egypt in about 4,000 BC. Apparently Egyptian makeup served to protect against the weather and to better their looks. They used uguent to moisturize the skin and kohl to highlight their eye features. One can see from surviving paintings and busts that both men and women used makeup with special attention being paid to the eyes. So important was makeup to the Egyptians that people were buried with their makeup equipment when they died. Excavations have revealed makeup kits stored in leather pouches, shells or jars in the tombs of rich and poor alike. Of course the latter had much simpler paraphernalia. Materials Used in Egyptian Makeup Two different kinds of material were used to make up the eyes: udje made from malachite and mesdemet of lead ore. These were powdered and then mixed with animal fat so it would hold to the skin. Egyptian makeup could not only improve one’s looks. They also had health benefits necessary for life in the harsh desert. Kohl or galena is a disinfectant and an insect repellant. Mesdemet on the other hand, was used to cure various eye problems. Significance of Makeup In ancient times plants, animals and minerals were connected with different gods. And this may have added to the importance of makeup. Green malachite, from which udje was made, was sacred to Hathor. Kohl was special to North Africian people and Moslems, who likened it to sacred black stone in Mecca. Another reason why the Egyptians used eye makeup so much was they believed it had magical powers. Painting around the eyes was supposed to protect oneself from the “evil eye.” Egyptian Makeup Today Being the ones who...
Who Invented the Chia Pet?

Who Invented the Chia Pet?...

Chia pet is a popular brand name of animal figurines that could be collected. The merchandises originated in San Francisco, California. The animals portrayed by the products are the ones that can be seen in Mexico. The products are called chia pet because these are made from chia, a plant species that was cultivated by early people in the country. The products became famous in the 1980s and the early 1990s but the popularity declined in the late 1990s. Making the figurine needs time and dedication from the manufacturer. To learn more about the figurines, let us take a look at the history of the chia pet. History of the Product Who invented the chia pet? The Chia pet was invented by Joseph Enterprises Inc. in 1977. When the product was initially launched to the U.S. commercial market, many consumers became interested in the figurine. The first animal figurine that was created by the firm is a ram. It was called as the chia ram. In the 1980s, other animal figurines were introduced are puppy, bull and kitten. In 1993 year, the company decided to develop figurines of different animals like turtle and bunny. Aside from these, it also offered the herb garden. In the late 1990s to early 2000s, the company created animal figurines of bear and lion cub. Additionally, Joseph Enterprises Inc. introduced figurines of cartoon characters and political personalities. Additional Information and Other Important Details Joseph Enterprises Inc. does not own a trademark or patent for the product, which means that other companies can produce the same item. To prevent others from imitating the figurines, the company made sure that the procedures for making the merchandise would not be revealed to others. However, in the early...
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