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Who Invented Baseball?

Who Invented Baseball?

Baseball is definitely one of the most exciting and fun sports today. Because of its different interesting aspects, it is even considered as the national sport of the U.S. Furthermore, it has become a highly anticipated event in other places such as East Asia, the Caribbean and South America. One of the leading international sports organization involved in the game today is Major League Baseball, where outstanding players from all over the world converge and compete against each other. The Invention of Baseball Who invented baseball? Because of his major contributions in the establishment of some of the most important rules and aspects of the sport, the invention of the game was credited to Alexander Cartwright. In fact, on June 3, 1953, the U.S. Congress even recognized him as the inventor of modern baseball. The game was invented some time in 1845. In addition, he was also recognized as the founder of the pioneer baseball organization called the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Unknown to baseball fans, a myth once emerged that the person who actually invented the game first was named Abner Doubleday. According to the details of the story, he was able to invent the sport in 1839, when he was in Cooperstown, New York. However, due to numerous inconsistencies, sports historians were able to see loopholes in that story. These inconsistencies eventually led to the debunking of such myth. When playing this game, there are necessarily three basic tools, namely the glove, bat and ball. The glove serves the purpose of holding and catching the ball. Meanwhile, the bat is basically made out of solid wood, the purpose of which is to hit the ball. In terms of measurement, the ball...
Who Invented Astrology?

Who Invented Astrology?

The Age of the Early Babylonians If you would check out the historical records of astrology, you would probably see that the people who invented astrology are the Babylonians. This belief is supported by earliest pieces of astrological documents such as the Enuma Anu Enlil. This particular document is said to have been written during the early 1600 B.C., and holds an enumeration of astronomical omens and the respective interpretations for each. Babylonian Astrology was used mainly for prediction of certain events like famine, war, o meteorological circumstances. Aside from that, a main concern was also about the king’s fate. Thus, those who know astrology during that time would be employed by the king, and act as personal advisers. Another piece of history during that time points to around 400 B.C. when this group of people was believed to have started calculating and making a mathematical means to be used in astronomical prediction. Later, this early system, which was recorded on clay tablets, was disseminated to India and the whole of Middle East. The system proved helpful for the Babylonians in their attempts to read natal horoscopes and make their predictions. The Era of Greek Astrology If we are going to talk of the original creators of horoscopic astrology, what would come to mind would be the work of the Greeks. According to history, they get the credit for creating horoscopic astrology that was greatly used for natal horoscopes of people, and for providing answers to certain questions or appropriate actions to take. With the early system introduced by the Babylonians, the Greeks added their own various ideas and concepts. This includes the concepts of various signs in the horoscope as being male or female in nature, and the...
Who Invented the Computer Mouse?

Who Invented the Computer Mouse?...

The mouse was invented by Douglas Engelbart in 1965 while working at the Stanford Research Institute. He was also helped by his colleague Bill English. The history of the computer mouse shows he never profited from it. The patent had expired long before the device came into wide usage. Early Prototypes Before Engelbart developed the mouse, the trackball had already been invented. In 1954, the Canadian Navy created the device for utilization on the DATAR system. The mouse Engelbart made was large and had two wheels. Although he invented the mouse in 1965, he only patented it in 1970. He called the device an XY Position Indicator for a Display System. The basic idea was actually inspired by the telautograph which was designed back in the 19th century. A couple of years later (1972) Bill English created the ball mouse. This was an improvement from the original and marked a significant point in the history of the computer mouse. Unlike the mouse with wheels, the ball allowed the mouse to move in any direction. The device was included in the Xerox computer where English was working at the time. Other Mouse Types In 1975, another type of ball mouse was created by Jack Hawley also while working at Xerox. Honeywell later produced a wheeled mouse which moved along its axes. However it was in the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne that the standard mouse appeared. The project was headed by André Guignard and Professor Jean-Daniel Nicoud. Their design would change the history of the computer mouse. They changed the rubber ball so that it became harder and more stable. They also increased the buttons to three. This would remain the standard until the mid 1990s when the third button...
Who Invented the Hot Dog?

Who Invented the Hot Dog?...

A hot dog is a soft moist sausage known for its even flavor and texture. Common types of hot dogs are smoked, cured, and fully cooked. People often enjoy it with onion, ketchup, mustard, on a hot dog bun. Hot dogs are sold just about anywhere where there are people around. You can find food stands that sell them even in ball parks. Such a common thing to see can induce the question of who invented the hot dog. Various Claims There are many claims as to who invented the hot dog. Unfortunately, it is quite a difficult process to assess which claim is the real source of today’s hot dog. Various stories tell of the creation of a sausage in a bun. Another common element you’ll find among the various claims include the how the name hot dog came about. This just makes figuring out who invented the hot dog a lot more difficult. The Name Frankfurter It can be easily deduced that the name frankfurter comes from name Frankfurt, Germany. It is here where sausages served in a bun originated. This is quite similar to how hot dogs are served. Another common name for hot dogs is wieners, which points us to Vienna, Austria. It is interesting that the German name for Vienna is Wien. German speaking countries often call hot dogs as Wiener Wurstchen, which literally translates to ‘little sausage’. Analyzing the names used for it would give light to the question on who invented the hot dog. Other Claims Antonoine Feuchtwanger’s wife, both him and his wife originally Germans, is the one to whom the idea of a hot dog sold on a bun is ascribed to. They sold hot dogs in St. Louis, Missouri...
Who Invented Numbers?

Who Invented Numbers?

Numbers or symbols used for counting have existed since man learned to count. Archeologists and historians estimate that numbers were first used around 32,000 years ago. They base this theory on archeological findings such as bones and rocks with marks on them. These may have been counting or tally signs used to keep track of time or quantities of objects, such as food or livestock. Simple Systems The very first number system must have been a tallying system. Tallying systems have no complex symbols or place values. It is the simplest counting system though not practical for dealing with large quantities of number. Our modern number system has 10 as its base or place value. A place value simplifies number representation and counting. Another simple number system was the ordinal counting system. It is thought to have started when man began counting with his fingers, each finger standing for a unique number. Place Value Systems A couple of ancient civilizations invented number systems with place values. The oldest was the Mayan system with 60 at its base, around 3400 BC. The Egyptians invented a 10 base system in 3100 BC. The modern place value system also has 10 as its compression figure. It came from India by way of the Arabs. Invention of Number Zero The number zero was used by various peoples including the Mayans, Egyptians, Babylonians and Indians. The Egyptians used zero in their accounting records. The Indians referred to zero as “the emptiness.” The inquisitive Greeks were puzzled by this figure and developed many interesting philosophical views on the subject. In fact, occultists and mystics used the number zero to symbolize the nothingness, or void state of things. Invention of Negative Numbers The Chinese invented numbers...
Who Invented the First Apple Computer?

Who Invented the First Apple Computer?...

The first Apple computer was conceived by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak and sold on July 1976. It consisted of a motherboard, memory and CPU. The history of Apple computer shows the company was incorporated a few months after the Apple I went on sale. Early History The Apple I sold very well and inspired Wozniak and Jobs to develop the Apple II. The Apple II came with a 5 ¼ floppy drive and employed color and graphics. The machine was even more successful than the Apple I. The Apple II was bought by educators and hobbyists. Soon the Apple II became a mainstay in schools where computers were being taught. Another welcome feature of the Apple II was its open architecture. This design allowed third party vendors to create applications for the computer. The history of Apple computer shows that by 1978, the machine had also become a mainstay in business offices. This was due to the appearance of various third party business applications on the Apple II. The Lisa and the Macintosh The Apple II was followed by the Apple III which was a commercial failure. The computer improved very little from its predecessor. It also had a number of technical glitches that affected its performance. The company was also unable to make gains on the business front. It would lose its business market share to IBM. In response, Steve Jobs went to Pao Alto Research Laboratory, run by Xerox. There he was able to recruit its most brilliant researchers. It was this team of researchers who designed the GUI (graphical user interfaced), pull down menus and the use of a mouse. This would be an important point in the history of Apple computer. In 1983, the...
Who Invented Tennis?

Who Invented Tennis?

Amongst the top sports today, one of the most popular and exciting is tennis. Governed by the International Tennis Federation, it is truly fun and entertaining to watch, thanks to its highly interesting rules and other fundamental aspects. The popularity of the sport is highly attributed to its rich television exposure, particularly in the coverage of major tennis events like the U.S. Open, Wimbledon and the French Open. In addition, the Australian Open is also part of the Grand Slam tournaments of the sport. Learn more about the game by looking back at its colorful history including who invented tennis. The Invention of Tennis Who invented tennis? According to many sports historians, Walter Clopton Wingfield invented the modern version of the game. Some time in December 1873, he created the design and patented the sport referred to as sphairistike, which shares many similarities with the modern-day form of the game. By 1877, the first Wimbledon championships were held in London, England. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information Tennis is played basically with tennis balls and tennis racquets. In terms of play, it is important to take note of the different important aspects involved in the game such as the scoring, single point plays and lines. Likewise, it is important to become familiar with the different parts and limits of a tennis court in order to become great players of the game. Generally, the game is played in four different types of surfaces, namely carpet, grass, hard and clay. Major events like the U.S. Open and the Australian Open use hard surfaces. On the other hand, Wimbledon events use grass as surface, while the French Open games are usually set on clay courts. Players can execute eight different kinds of...
Who Invented Opera?

Who Invented Opera?

The history of opera began in the 1500s in Italy. Jacopo Peri’s Dafne (1598) is widely held to be the first opera ever performed. The Earliest Operas By the 15th century, several new musical instruments had emerged, notably the trumpet. This instrument, along with other ones, changed the face of stage plays considerably. The result was that actors had to belt out their lines or sing along so their voices wouldn’t get drowned out by the music. This innovative approach would gain popularity throughout Europe. The Medici family of Florence was known for being patrons of the arts. Some historians believe that they commissioned Jacopo Peri to compose Dafne in 1598. In the history of opera, this play is often singled out as the first. However some historians bevel opera came about in stages and not via one play. Opera Spreads throughout Europe The impact of Dafne and succeeding plays was immense. The new musical form spread from Italy to France, Germany and the Austrian Empire. With the exception of Italy however, acceptance of opera was limited to the wealthy and aristocratic. Opera took a strong hold in Venice, and it would eventually become the staging ground for some of the finest operas in the continent. Claudio Monteverdi became one of the leading composers of the Renaissance. His inaugural play Orpheo was conducted in 1607. What set him apart from the others was that his plays were designed for everyone. Unlike other operas, his compositions had appeal for both royalty and merchant. This was a significant point in the history of opera. As opera became widespread, two forms emerged, opera seria (dramatic) and opera buffa (comedic). At the same time, stories changed. The storylines became more complex, with symbolism...
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