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Who Invented the CD Player?

Who Invented the CD Player?...

Today is the age of small and portable media devices such as iPods and MP3s. However, before these technologies rose in the commercial market, CD players came first and played a significant role in the entertainment industry of the 21st century. It is time to know who invented the CD player more than 25 years ago. Before CD Players Got Commercialized As the summer of 1982 came to its end, the dawn of a new developed compact disc audio system commenced as four companies made their announcement of the development of the pioneering systems for CD players. Any of them would be credited as the one who invented the CD player. At an audio fair in 1981, Sony displayed ‘Goronta’, their CD player test model. This was one of the foremost models of CD players that were developed to play discs arranged in a vertical deck. The Pioneering Commercial CD Player In October of 1982, the first commercial CD players were released in the market by Sony, the company who invented the CD player. Even though it was a result of a group effort the person who invented the CD player was Nobuyuki Idei. He was a chairman of the Sony company as well as a group CEO. He called it as CDP-101, founding the name on binary numbers. CDP-101 included the CD tray that slides out horizontally, which is a common feature of CD players today. The one great difference of the CD players of yesterday and today is in the unit price since CDP-101 was sold in the market for the high price of $900. Reducing the Size and Price Sony realized that only a small number of people were willing to pay the high price of...
Who Invented the Skyscraper?

Who Invented the Skyscraper?...

Defined as a super tall building that is continuously habitable, a skyscraper is a fascinating invention. The Empire State Building in New York City, the Willis Tower in Chicago and the Taipei 101 in Taiwan are just some of the most impressive skyscrapers ever created. Today, these buildings serve as practical solutions to the increasing scarcity of land worldwide. Aside from these things, it is also good to know the history of these tall buildings including who invented the skyscraper. The Invention of the Skyscraper Who invented the skyscraper? After he created the first ever load-bearing structural frame for the Home Insurance Building within the City of Chicago in Illinois in 1885, it is but right to credit architect William Le Baron Jenney as the Father of American skyscrapers. The ten-storey building was the very first skyscraper in the world. In 1891, American architects Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler designed the Wainwright Building in Saint Louis, Missouri. It was also a ten-storey building. However, many people considered it the first true skyscraper rather than the Home Insurance Building because it was constructed with steel frames. Furthermore, it featured vertical bands, which helped emphasized the building’s height even more. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information After the early skyscrapers were created, fire restrictions and height limits were introduced. In 1895, the American Surety Building was completed in New York. It was the tallest building during that time. In 1930, the Chrysler Building was completed in New York City. In 1931, the Empire State Building, which was comprised of 102 floors, was completed. In 1932, the Boerentoren was constructed in Antwerp, Belgium. It was made up of 26 floors. In 1940, the Torre Piacentini was completed with 31 floors within the...
Who Invented the iPod?

Who Invented the iPod?

Ipod is one of the most popular product lines of portable media players introduced by Apple Inc. on October 23rd in 2001. Some of the models included in the product line are the Classic, Touch, Shuffle as well as the Nano. This media player has the capacity to store, play and organize audio as well as video files. Additionally, it can play different audio formats such as Protected AAC, MP3 and WAV. The items in the product line have various hardware like microcontroller, audio chip, storage medium and batteries. To learn more about this media player, it is best to start with identifying the people behind the development of the merchandise. History Who invented the Ipod? The product line was developed by the members of a special team assigned by Apple Inc. CEO Steve Jobs. The team was consisted of hardware engineering senior vice president Jon Rubistein, design senior vice president Jonathan Ive, engineer Tony Fadell, engineer Michael Dhuey as well as Steve Jobs. The name of the product line was invented by freelance copywriter Vinnie Chieco. The company also acknowledged British inventor Kane Kramer in the development of the idea for the creation of Ipod. Additional Information and Other Important Details Some models of iPod can store photos with any of these media formats, PNG, TIFF, GIF and BMP. Other products in the line can store and play files with the MPEG-4 format. The media players included in the line are compatible with Microsoft Windows as well as MAC OS. The products can also be connected to a personal computer or laptop. Consumers can also transfer files from laptops or computers to the media players and vice versa. To make the products more attractive and easy to use,...
Who Invented the Space Shuttle?

Who Invented the Space Shuttle?...

The first functional shuttle was the Columbia, launched in 1981. As this overview of the history of the space shuttle will make clear, the shuttle was designed by NASA and not by a single individual. Development Plans for the space shuttle started even before the Apollo lunar missions in 1969. The main concerns at that point were logistics; how much the shuttle would cost and how it was to be built. It was agreed that the basic set up would include rocket boosters, a disposable external tank and the winged orbiter. The program was officially made public by President Nixon three years later. The main contractor was Rockwell International (known as North American Aviation back then). Before Columbia was built, a series of prototypes were designed. The history of the space shuttle began with the first completed prototype, the Constitution. Due to insistent public demand the orbiter’s name was changed to the Enterprise after the TV series Star Trek. The Enterprise was unveiled on September 17, 1976. It conducted a series of test flights, vital to the development of the shuttle. Following the successful experiment, the engineers started working on the shuttle. The Shuttle Fleet The shuttle Columbia was constructed in Palmdale, California. It was finished and sent to the Kennedy Space Center. The date was March 25, 1979. The Columbia took off on April 12, 1981. The history of the space shuttle shows that the Columbia made a total of 28 flights. A year after Columbia’s launch, the Challenger was sent to the Kennedy Space Center. This was followed by the Discovery in 1983 and the shuttle Atlantis two years later. Columbia was destroyed in 2003 as it made its way back to Earth, killing the seven crew...
Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?

Who Invented the Strawberry Shortcake Doll?...

Do you remember those cute dolls from the 80s with a dessert-themed name and clothing to match? Those were days the Strawberry Shortcake doll rose in popularity. But who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll anyway? And who thought of even creating some of the doll’s friends and pets? A Cartoon Character Born in the Greeting Card Department If you’re thinking that the original creations started with the making of the dolls, that was not actually what happened then. You see, before the days Strawberry Shortcake was manufactured as a doll, it was Muriel Fahrion who invented the Strawberry Shortcake doll’s original design together with the character’s cat named Custard. This was done in 1977 when Fahrion worked at American Greetings at the Juvenile and Humorous card department as an illustrator for greeting cards. This design was shown to Bernie Loomis who was working in General Mills. After that, the design was granted as a licensing entity and Fahrion went on to creating more characters for American Greetings. The other characters included in the Strawberry Shortcake collection later emerged when Cindy Moyer Patton and Janet Jones collaborated in designing more characters to add with the original design of Strawberry Shortcake. A story line, profiles on each character’s personality, and a common philosophy was then added by the editor, Lyn Edwards and the American Greetings’ group. Delicious Names that Anyone can Remember The Strawberry Shortcake line of characters all had particular names resembling delicious desserts. They also come with their own fruit- or dessert-named pet. It would be easy to remember the names of the characters since the cartoon characters wore appropriate clothing to match. The hair of the all the charaters was also scented with their own paricular dessert-themed names....
Who Invented the Hummer?

Who Invented the Hummer?...

The history of the Hummer began with the Humvee. The Humvee was a vehicle developed by AM General Corp. for the US military. It became very popular and General Motors would go on to cerate a model for civilians which came to be known as the Hummer. The vehicles were first sold in 1992. Background of the Hummer The original Humvees were constructed in the early 1980s by AM General Corporation. The earliest models were made in Mishawaka in Indiana. The Humvees were made at the behest of the US military. The earliest Humvee models were strictly for military use and were fitted with military equipment such as radar. The history of the Hummer was changed when the vehicle was made public. The design of the vehicle captured the media’s attention. The Hummer first got public attention when the vehicle was shown over ESPN. People marveled at how easily it was able to navigate the uneven terrain. However it was the Gulf War that really brought the Humvee into mainstream public consciousness. The Hummer Emerges Sensing the strong public demand, AM General decide to produce Humvees for civilian use. They started making the models in 1992 and change the name from Humvee to Hummer. The next important chapter in the history of the Hummer took place in the year 1998. That was when AM General sold the name rights to General Motors. AM General would continue to produce the vehicles but it was GM that handled the marketing. GM was also responsible for selling the products. The Hummer would prove to be such a hit that GM would later produce other models. The original Hummer was renamed H1 while the newer models were called H2 and H3 respectively. The...
Who Invented YouTube?

Who Invented YouTube?

YouTube was founded in 2005 and is to date the most popular video website in the world, with millions of viewers worldwide; Youtube allows users to watch videos posted by persons worldwide, and to upload videos of their own. There is also a forum where users get together to share information, or get to know each other; this forum also acts as a distribution hub for creators of videos and advertisers. Youtube has collaborated with a number of social networks including Facebook, Twitter, Buzz, MySpace, Hi5, and Blogger to name a few, to make it easier for users to share video with their friends on the various social networking sites; users can also access Youtube from mobile devices. YouTube was created by three former PayPal employees in 2005 and quickly grew in popularity to be where it is today; the founders are Steve Chen, Chad Hurley and Jawed Karim who all met during their time at PayPal. Chad and Steve were the very first members of the Youtube management team. Chad Hurley was born in 1977 and joined PayPal while the company was in its early stages where he met Steve Chen and Jawed Karim; when he joined PayPal his intention was to enable PDA users to access PayPal and use their services. He is the designer of the PayPal logo. Steve Chen was born in 1978 and is a Taiwanese American who was born in Taiwan but emigrated to the USA when he was eight years old; he was an early employee at Facebook but he left Facebook after a couple of months in order to start YouTube. He is currently the Chief Technology Officer at YouTube even though it has been bought by Google. Jawed Karim was...
Who Invented the Machine Gun?

Who Invented the Machine Gun?...

The development and history of the machine is complex, but the fact is that Hiram Maxim was the first one to invent and use a machine gun that was self powered. The American inventor showed off his work to the British Army in 1885. He had invented it a year earlier in 1884. The Early Years of the Machine Gun Prior to Maxim’s invention, inventors had begun experimenting with the idea of a continuous rapid fire gun. In 1718, James Puckle came up with the Defence Gun. It consisted of a revolver mounted on a cylinder base. It could fire 60 shots in seven minutes, but the cylinder had to be adjusted manually. Other early designs included the Wilson Agar’s Coffee Mill gun and the Billinghurst–Requa. Both were widely used during the Civil War. These firearms were important in the early history of the machine gun as it gave inventors an idea of what the design had to be like. The Maxim Machine Gun and Others This rapid fire weapon was invented by the American Richard Gatling in 1861. It was first used by the US Army in 1865 and it would also become popular with European armies. Tests by the British Army showed it could fire 600 shots in two minutes. Maxim’s invention (the Maxim Machine Gun) became popular because of its efficiency. It was able to fire 500 rounds every minute. The key was using the recoil to remove the used cartridge and set the new one in place. The history of the machine gun reveals the Maxim gun was bought by the British in 1889. A year later, the Germans, Italians and Russians started ordering Maxim’s machine guns. The success of Hiram Maxim’s weapon inspired others...
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