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Who Invented Mother’s Day?...

The history of Mother’s Day in the US started on May 12th, 1908. That was when Anna Jarvis began campaigning for a day to honor mothers worldwide. After the United States adopted it in 1914, other countries followed suit. It is celebrated on the second Sunday of May in the US but other countries use different dates. Antecedents A look at historical records will show that ancient people also set aside days for mothers. The exact origin of this practice is unknown. However, some historians believe it arose from an early form of earth goddess worship. There is evidence the Romans had their own version of Mother’s Day called Matronalia. This was a day dedicated to the goddess Juno. Mothers were special to her. For this reason, the day was marked by gift giving to mothers. Several European countries have always put aside a Sunday just for mothers. This day is known as Laetare Sunday. The chosen Sunday would vary, but among Catholics it was the fourth Sunday at Lent. This date was actually intended for the Virgin Mary and the mother church. But the history of Mother’s Day shows it became an occasion to celebrate motherhood. Today many countries use the date on the fourth Sunday of Lent. Besides the United Kingdom, other European countries also celebrate Mother’s Day on this date. Mother’s Day in Africa and the Middle East The day is celebrated in many African countries. The modern concept of Mother’s Day was adopted from the British. The way it is celebrated varies per country. Usually it is a mixture of local customs with some European elements included. In many Arab countries the day is celebrated on March 12. Bangladesh and Bolivia The day is celebrated...
Who Invented Pong?

Who Invented Pong?

One of the earliest forms of arcade video games, Pong is a two-dimensional tennis game. The primary aim of the game is to beat opponents by scoring higher. Released in 1972, this important development eventually led to a boom in the video game industry. With its rich and colorful history, it is but great to take a quick look at the start of this early video game form including who invented Pong. The Invention of Pong Who invented Pong? A computer scientist named Allan Alcorn invented this arcade video game. Atari Inc. released it sometime in 1972. Atari founder Nolan Bushnell assigned this task to Alcorn as a training exercise. According to Bushnell, the main idea behind the game was based on the electronic ping-pong game of the first-ever home videogame console called Magnavox Odyssey. Additional Facts and Other Important Details After the success of Pong, there seemed to be no turning back for the video game industry. Numerous efforts to copy the game play followed. In response, Atari asked its employees to conceptualize other innovative games. In December 1975, the home version of the game was launched in various Sears retail stores. The Pong arcade games were without a doubt a commercial success. Furthermore, the home version of the game earned solid revenues that were approximately four times more than the coin-operated arcade machines. In 1973, Atari delivered 2,500 units. In 1974, it sold more than 8,000 video game consoles. In 1975, the company launched a special limited release of Home Pong, which eventually sold more or less 150,000 units for that particular Christmas season alone. Many game experts believed that the arcade phenomenon during that time was attributed mainly to the success of this video game. In...
Who Invented the Scientific Method?

Who Invented the Scientific Method?...

A study of the history of the scientific method will reveal that it was not invented by one single person. Rather, its development is best defined as the accumulation of knowledge that led to scientific analysis and understanding. The Scientific Method among Ancient Civilizations The first instance of this method being used began with texts indexes. These have been found in many cultures as far back as 2000 BC. The use of empirical methods can be traced back to ancient Egypt. Empirical methods were used by the Egyptians particularly with regards to astronomy and mathematics. This practice was continued by the ancient Greeks. One of the most important figures in the history of the scientific method was Aristotle. In 320 BC, he compiled a series of texts wherein he classified scientific data into several fields. These included biology, zoology, physics, logic, politics and poetry. Around 200 BC, a catalogued library was established in Alexandria in Egypt. Another important event occurred in 800 AD when Muslim scientists started conducting controlled experiments, which would become part and parcel of scientific investigation. In 1265 Roger Bacon redefined the scientific method by using observation, hypothesis and experiments. The Modern Scientific Method Emerges The late 1590s witnessed the invention of the microscope, which was crucial in the history of the scientific method. In 1600, laboratories began to be established. This was followed in 1620 by the publication of Francis Bacon’s Novum Organum. In the book, Bacon proposed a new system for acquiring and verifying scientific data. Another important treatise was Rene Descartes’ Discourse on Method. Along with the works of John Stuart Mill, these individuals were responsible for the basic framework of the scientific method. In 1638, Galileo published Two New Sciences, which aimed...
Who Invented Fencing?

Who Invented Fencing?

One of the most favored sports of sport enthusiasts is fencing. There seems to be an abundance of movies, TV shows, and sport events that actually feature and use this sport. Although that is the case, it seems that not a lot of those who like playing or watching this type of sport ever knew who invented fencing. So who invented fencing? Let’s check what history says. Earliest Points in History About 1200 B.C., there is evidence that fencing has been used before. This is supported by carving in the country of Egypt where a couple of masks, weapon protection tips, and judges were known to have existed. Also, during the early times of the Early Greeks and Romans, there are also some evidences that came up. These people were known to have a love for spears and short swords during their time. Also, it was said that during this civilization, chosen warriors learn their skills in schools that were called as ludi. Beginnings of Modern Fencing History says that it was during the fifteenth century when the origins of the modern fencing sport that we know now started to come into being. During the years 1471 and 1474, there were two of the first fencing materials that were published and distributed in Spain to those who are interested to know how to play this sport. During those times, there were also swordplay guilds spreading throughout Europe. In the 1500s, the use of the Rapier became more extensive and widely used by the Italians. The position involved using both hands with different weapons. As such, the person would be seen holding a particular weapon on the right and a small shield (also known as the buckler) on the left....
Who Invented the Barbeque?

Who Invented the Barbeque?...

Many people would say that barbecue originated in America. So an American was probably the one who invented the barbecue. But others say that if barbecue or grilling has a country of origin, it’s probably Canada. Early natives of Canada were said to be experts in this type of cooking meat. So, who first cooked in barbecue style? The Cowboys Some sources say it was in the 1800s when the man who invented barbecue turned up on the scene. It was a cowboy who slow cooked his tough and sinewy meat over burning charcoals to tenderize it. Cowboys then were rationed with the lesser quality beef parts. However, they also got beef and pork ribs from time to time. But in particular, who invented the barbecue? Is there a specific cowboy name? No one knows. What is sure is that America has a long history of grill or roast cooking. The Taino Indians Experts say it is quite likely that the Taino Indians were the ones who invented the barbecue. They were natives living in the Bahamas. They hunted animals for food and cooked them in various ways. Among them is called “barbacoa” in the native dialect. It is done by smoking meat using a specific utensil where meat is placed while being grilled or roasted on fire. Indeed, the Tainos were likely to be the people who invented the barbecue. The French In French, “barbe a queue” refers to roasting or grilling a whole pig. Literally, “from beard to tail,” it means the pig will not be chopped up and cooked over fire. Instead, it will be cooked whole with head, body, and tail intact. Only the innards will be disposed of. Looking at this closely, one might...
Who Invented the Periodic Table?

Who Invented the Periodic Table?...

The periodic table is a very significant set of scientific information that classifies the various properties of the different chemical elements. Specifically, it is widely used in chemistry, which is one of the most important academic disciplines. Its main purpose is to compare, systematize and classify the behaviors of chemical elements. Besides chemistry, it has a lot of role to play in other academic disciplines such as chemical engineering, biology as well as physics. The Invention of the Periodic Table Who invented the periodic table? In 1869, a Russian chemist named Dmitri Mendeleev invented this table to help show trends in the behavior of chemicals. According to many science historians, he has contributed a lot in other fields including geology, meteorology and hydrodynamics. Likewise, he also spent insurmountable amount of time studying different subjects under chemical technology such as fuels, petroleum as well as explosives. Add to that, he was credited for introducing the metric system to Russia. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information As of July 2009, the total number of elements included here is 117, which is comprised of elements 1 to 116 and element 118. These elements are categorized into metals, metalloids and non-metals. The metals are further subdivided into various classes, namely alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, inner transition elements, transition elements and other metals. The alkali metals are francium, caesium, rubidium, potassium, sodium and lithium. Under the alkaline earth metals, you can find radium, barium, strontium, calcium, magnesium and beryllium. The inner transition elements are divided into lanthanoids and actinoids. The first group is comprised of lutetium, ytterbium, thulium, erbium and holmium. Additionally, it also includes dysprosium, terbium, gadolinium, europium and samarium. Of course, do not count out the remaining elements under this category,...
Who Invented Online Shopping?

Who Invented Online Shopping?...

Online shopping is the business term used to refer to the process that customers go through to avail services or buy products that can be accessed with the use of the Internet. Some of the entities that act as retail stores in this process are the webshop, online shop, virtual store as well as the Internet shop. This process is a special kind of electronic commerce that is used for business-to consumer as well as business-to-business transactions. To know more about this, let us have a look at the history of the development of online shopping History Who invented online shopping? This process was invented by Rediffusion Computers employee Michael Aldrich in Great Britain in 1979. In order to prove that the process would work, Aldrich used an efficient technology that has Videotex. Two years after the launch of online shopping, the first business-to-business transaction happened with the initiative from Thomson Holidays. After this, both business-to-consumer as well as business-to-business transactions were widely used in the area in the 1980s. Gateshead, England resident Jane Snowball was the first online shopper who purchased items from Tesco. The transaction happened in May 1984. Six years after this event, the first browser as well as a server that could be used to access the World Wide Web were introduced. In 1992, Book Stacks Unlimited, a website developed by Charles stock was known as the first web bookstore. After two years, Amazon, another popular online bookstore was created by Jeff Bezos. In 1994, different online shops were created. These include online banks as well as the online retail shop of Pizza Hut. To ensure that transactions were secured, the SSL data transferred online encryption were launched by Netscape. Additional Information and Other Important...
Who Invented Cheese?

Who Invented Cheese?

Who invented cheese? Earliest Use of Cheese Cheese has been around for so long, it’s impossible to know who invented the art of making it. It’s generally believed that cheese first appeared in the Middle East, perhaps as far back as 6,000 BC. Murals of ancient Egypt going back 2,000 BC show people making cheese and storing them in skin bags. These skin bags were made from animals’ stomachs. Most likely humans first discovered cheese when they stored milk in them for long journeys. The combination of enzymes in the skins, heat and motion caused the milk to curdle and break up. The result was a watery fermented liquid and edible curds of cheese. Cheese in Different Places There is plenty of evidence that various peoples in Europe and the Near East used cheese. The Cyclops are recorded to have made cheese in Homer’s Odyssey. In the Bible we find David ate cheese and gave them as presents to a military ally. The Jews were clearly producing cheese on a large scale since there was a Cheesemakers’ Valley at the time. Romans and Cheese Everyone knows that cheese is a major part of Italian cuisine. It’s not surprising since it was the ancient Romans who invented cheese as we know it today. They not only raised the bar when it comes cheese making. They also found out that changes in the environment and materials used affected the flavor of the cheese. Hence different kinds of cheeses were invented. The Romans took their cheese making art so seriously that the wealthy even had special areas in their homes dedicated to aging cheese. Many ancient writers have commented on the Romans and their expert curdling, including Aristotle, Homer and Varro. But...
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