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Who Invented Coffee?

Who Invented Coffee?

Coffee is undeniably one of the most popular beverages today, which can be served both hot and cold. It is rich in caffeine, an ingredient known for its invigorating effects. It is produced widely in countries such as Colombia, Vietnam and Brazil. Aside from these valuable details, it is nice to know other interesting things about this special beverage including who invented coffee. The Invention of Coffee Who invented coffee? Based on historical accounts, the Ethiopians were the first to discover the ability of the coffee bean plant to energize human beings. Highlanders started to cultivate beans way back to the ninth century. When the Arabs decided to expand their trade, the beans have reached other places such as Yemen and North Africa. At that time, no one can stop the popularity of coffee, which then expanded to the European and Indian markets. Additional Facts and Other Important Information In 1587, Abd al-Qadir al-Jaziri compiled in his work entitled “Umdat al safwa fi hill al-qahwa” the different legal controversies as well as the history of coffee. Based on that particular work, a certain sheik named Jamal-al-Din al-Dhabhani was the very first individual who adopted coffee in the Muslim world. The beverage was widely used by the Sufis during that time in order to drive away sleep. From Yemen as the starting point, coffee found its way to Yemen as export. In 1554, the very first coffeehouse started somewhere in Istanbul. During that time, the beverage was not received well by the people. In fact, the conservative people during that period banned the drink in many places mainly because of its stimulating effect. In 1524, Ottoman Turkish Sultan Selim-I lifted the ban on coffee. From the Ottoman Empire, coffee reached...
Who Invented Football?

Who Invented Football?

Football is a highly competitive team sport that is very popular in places like Canada and the U.S. In the United States, two professional leagues are responsible for the ongoing success of the game, namely the United Football League and the National Football League. In addition, it is played in two different levels, namely collegiate and professional. Aside from knowing the varying rules and other interesting aspects of the sport, it is also good to know its history including who invented football. The Invention of Football Who invented football? With games like rugby and association football or soccer considered as the major roots of the game, Walter Camp was credited as the inventor and father of American football. The reason for this is that he was a major factor in shaping the basic rules and other important fundamental aspects of the sport, which separated it completely from other sports of similar nature. These rules and aspects gave the game its identity. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information Besides Canada and the U.S., the game of football continues to grow in other locations including Italy, Germany and the United Kingdom. Likewise, the game is also being played widely in countries such as Spain, Israel, Mexico, Sweden and various Pacific Island nations. As the father of the game, Camp introduced various important fundamental aspects of the sport. Among them were the points system, system of downs and the snap-back from center. Furthermore, he is also credited for the standard offensive positioning of players. Likewise, he also introduced the concept of ‘safety,’ which is one of the important parts of the sport. In this game, there are numerous circumstances when change of possession is possible. These include the failure of teams to...
Who Invented the Cheeseburger?

Who Invented the Cheeseburger?...

There seems to be numerous claimants on who invented the cheeseburger. Beginning with the late 18th and early 19th centuries, some forms of hamburgers had already been existing in different countries. It would be interesting to know who pioneered cheeseburgers in their respective places. And also, how they ended up with the kind of cheeseburger people enjoy today. Hamburg Steaks Hamburg steaks became famous in the ports of Hamburg in Germany in the late 18th century. Germany then had the biggest sea ports in Europe. Later on, these burger steaks found themselves sold in America. The earliest burger version, the Hamburg steaks, were not ground beef. They were salted and smoked beef chunks embellished with bread crumbs and onions. So some claim the first cheeseburger maker who invented the cheeseburger was a German. As to who in particular, nothing is mentioned. American Hamburgers European and German immigrants to the US brought with them Hamburg steaks. Later, instead of smoked steaks, they beef was ground and made into patties. They were cooked by frying on flat pans in cooking oil. In 1891 the burgers were put between slices of bread or Oscar Weber Bilby buns and inserted with slices of cheese, lettuce, and onions. American Contributors and Claimants In 1885 Charlie Nagreen sold meatballs in county fairs in Wisconsin. Later he flattened them, placed them between slices of bread and sold them as hamburgers. In Ohio in the same year, Frank and Charles Menches substituted their sausages with ground beef and put them in buns. They sold them in Hamburg, New York in circuses and called them hamburgers. In 1904, Fletch Davis of Texas introduced onions on top of his hamburgers and sold them in his café. However, in 1920...
Who Invented the Violin?

Who Invented the Violin?...

The violin belongs to a family of stringed instruments, which also include the cello and viola. Among these three, it is the highest-pitched and smallest. More importantly, it is used widely in the different musical genres including rock and roll, pop punk as well as folk music. Likewise, it is also played as part of jazz, classical and Baroque music. In addition to these interesting things, it is also good to know something about its history, particularly who invented the violin. The Invention of the Violin Who invented the violin? Renowned violinmaker Andrea Amati constructed the very first violin sometime in 1555. Before that, there was a violin-like instrument called violetta, which only had three strings instead of the usual four strings that are found in modern-day violins. Because of the nice pleasant sound that it produced, the King of France Charles IX ordered him to manufacture 24 pieces of the instrument. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details By the 18th century, the original design of the violin underwent a number of significant changes. After that, the violin featured a heavier brass bar. The most expensive violin ever sold was a Stradivari violin, which was auctioned for the price of $3,544,000. Whey using a violin, there are several bowing techniques available like the martele, which is done through sudden and forceful bow strokes. Another technique is called col legno, which is done by drawing the stick across the strings rather than the hair. To execute a pizzicato, a player must use the fingers of his or her right hand to pluck the strings instead of the bow. To perform a mute, a small device referred to as mute is necessary. This apparatus is usually made from wood, rubber or...
Who Invented Bacon?

Who Invented Bacon?

A look at the history of bacon reveal that the word is likely derived from three sources. The French word bako, the Germanic word bakkon or Old Teutonic backe. All the words mean “back” in English, which is where bacon cuts are usually taken from. In the US the cut is from the pork belly. History During the Middle Ages bacon (or bacoun) was used to describe pork in general. It was around the 12th century that the phrase “bring home the bacon” originated. Legend says that a church in Dunmow, England promised to give bacon to any man who could swear to the church and God he hadn’t argued with his wife for a year. Thus, the man that was able to bring the bacon home to his wife was held to be a good individual. Whether this is really part of the history of bacon or not is uncertain. However the phrase has struck. The British and the Bacon By the 17th century, bacon had come to refer to the pork’s side cured with salt and not to pork in general. The Oxford Companion to Food refers to bacon as a product of the UK. Other accounts state that bacon wasn’t solely a British product. However the British system for making them was used in other countries. Other accounts say that preserved pork were part of the British diet for hundreds of years. By the 18th century, production of bacon in Britain had become widespread. According to some accounts of the history of bacon, John Harris of Wiltshire set up one of the first bacon curing shops in the country. The place has certainly become known for its production of bacon. Other Accounts Some claims that the...
Who Invented Opera?

Who Invented Opera?

The history of opera began in the 1500s in Italy. Jacopo Peri’s Dafne (1598) is widely held to be the first opera ever performed. The Earliest Operas By the 15th century, several new musical instruments had emerged, notably the trumpet. This instrument, along with other ones, changed the face of stage plays considerably. The result was that actors had to belt out their lines or sing along so their voices wouldn’t get drowned out by the music. This innovative approach would gain popularity throughout Europe. The Medici family of Florence was known for being patrons of the arts. Some historians believe that they commissioned Jacopo Peri to compose Dafne in 1598. In the history of opera, this play is often singled out as the first. However some historians bevel opera came about in stages and not via one play. Opera Spreads throughout Europe The impact of Dafne and succeeding plays was immense. The new musical form spread from Italy to France, Germany and the Austrian Empire. With the exception of Italy however, acceptance of opera was limited to the wealthy and aristocratic. Opera took a strong hold in Venice, and it would eventually become the staging ground for some of the finest operas in the continent. Claudio Monteverdi became one of the leading composers of the Renaissance. His inaugural play Orpheo was conducted in 1607. What set him apart from the others was that his plays were designed for everyone. Unlike other operas, his compositions had appeal for both royalty and merchant. This was a significant point in the history of opera. As opera became widespread, two forms emerged, opera seria (dramatic) and opera buffa (comedic). At the same time, stories changed. The storylines became more complex, with symbolism...
Who Invented Email?

Who Invented Email?

The history of email began with Ray Tomlinson in 1971. The program was created while he was working for the US government, specifically ARPANET (the future Internet). Tomlinson’s Work Tomlinson was working for the United States Defense Department in 1968. He was a computer engineer at the time. He started by developing an application called SNDMSG. Its purpose was to let ARPANET users relay messages. Originally, SNDMSG was local. That is, the messages could be sent only to users of that same computer. Tomlinson used the CYPNET (a transfer protocol) on the SNDMSG application. This allowed SNDMSG to send and receive email to any computer within the ARPANET network. This was how the history of email began. The First Email Message Tomlinson utilized the @ symbol for a simple reason: it would enable him to know which individual was at the system. Back them, the @ was inserted between the computer host and the user name. The first email Tomlinson sent was QWERTYUIOP. Early Use of Email Following Tomlinson’s invention, the service started to be used in the ARPANET. It was connected to the FTP (File Transfer Protocol). The FTP would eventually be replaced by the SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol). FTP is still sometimes used today when downloading files off the World Wide Web. However it is important to note that email is much older than the Internet. Email was being used at ARPANET in the 1970s, long before the Net came into being. Other Email Prototypes The history of email shows that MIT had already demonstrated its potential back in 1961 with Compatible Time Sharing System (CTSS). This technology permitted users to gather and share files online. The other prototypes permitted communication on the mainframe. However it...
Who Invented Chalk?

Who Invented Chalk?

Your first encounter with chalk might have been in the classroom where you often see your teachers use them to write on a chalkboard. The most familiar form of chalk a lot of people have come familiar with is made of slender sticks around a quarter of an inch thick and about three inches long. You might even have come to wonder who invented chalk. Who Invented Chalk It might come as a disappointment to find out that no one can tell who invented chalk. Chalk is readily found in nature and has been used as a tool for drawing and writing for quite a long time. Drawings that date even to the prehistoric times have been discovered by archaeologists. The earliest chalk writings/drawings have been found in caves. As time went by artists from various countries used chalk to make drawings and sketches. Their work was protected using shellac or any comparable substance. For the convenience of these artists, a major innovation was introduced – chalks shaped into sticks. Even though chalk artists can’t be credited as the ones who invented chalk, their need introduced an innovation that would last for centuries. Making Chalk In the same way we don’t know who invented chalk, we also don’t know who invented the method to make chalk into sticks. What we know is that the method starts by grinding natural chalk into a very fine powdery form. Water is then added along with clay and various color pigments depending on what color of chalk you want to make. The clay actually acts as a binder of some sort. The mixture will initially look something like putty that would be rolled and shaped into cylinders and then would be left to...
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