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Who Invented Online Dating?

Who Invented Online Dating?...

Matchmaker.com is on record as the oldest online dating service. Starting in 1986 as a system best described as an online bulletin board, Matchmaker.com was supported on a dial-up modem. Systems like this dominated the 80s to mid 90s and supported connections through local telephone area codes allowing the news to be read, message exchanges as well as participation on message boards and bulletins. Exchanging emails rapidly became popular and many had games or implemented chat rooms. Bulletin board systems (or BBSes) where made targeting avid computers users or lovers unlike the World Wide Web that brought these and other functions to virtually everyone’s finger tips. The 1990s saw advancements in connections that reduced or eliminated the dial-up charges and the use of Bulletin Board systems grew. Because Matchmaker.com moved to the internet in 1996 (almost 10 years after inception), Match.com is seen as the first internet dating service. Created in 1994, Match.com was placed on the internet in 1995 however; there is a distinction between ‘online dating’ and ‘internet dating’. It is this distinction that keeps Matchmaker.com in the pioneering spot. Some reviews date the service’s internet launched to 1998 but upon visiting the online dating site readers will see 1996 as the year noted by the founder. This still puts it behind Match.com in terms of internet launch but it remains established as the first online regardless of which date is accurate because of its BBS history. How Online Dating Started When Gregory Scott Smith and Jon Boede (founder and programmer respectively) planned Matchmaker.com the idea was to design a pen pal service that would run on donations by users to eliminate having to charge a set fee. Located in Houston, Matchmaker started on 4 dial-up lines...
Who Invented the Laser?

Who Invented the Laser?

It was in 1960 when Theodore Maiman first showed the optical laser at work. However, the development and history of laser began in the early 1900s with Albert Einstein. Einstein’s Theory Laser is an acronym for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Basically it is a device that produces light by way of stimulated emission. It was Albert Einstein who postulated the theory of stimulated emissions back in 1917. What Einstein said was this: it’s possible to construct light rays that release energy. By making light rays with the proper frequency, it could be directed at atoms and produce energy. The Maser In 1958, Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow developed the maser (short for microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation). It wasn’t laser, but its development was crucial in the history of laser. The maser would be used to strengthen radio signals and used in space research as well. The First Lasers Two years later in 1960, Theodore Maiman created the ruby laser. However Gordon Gould was the first person to actually use the word laser. Gould was working with Dr. Townes when he mentioned the word laser in 1957. There are reports he had already invented the optical laser in 1957 but failed to patent it. It wasn’t until 1977 that Gould got his patent for the laser. However it remains that Maiman was the first to show a working laser. In 1960 Ali Javan invented the gas laser. It was the first in the history of laser to actually change electrical energy into laser. This was followed by Robert Hall’s invention of semiconductor laser in 1962. Two years later Kumar Patel developed the carbon dioxide laser, and this was followed by Hal Walker’s invention...
Who Invented Christmas?

Who Invented Christmas?

Christmas did not originate in the Christian religion. It came from the ancient Romans. Every year in December they held a festival called “Saturnalia” in honor of their god Saturn. The festival ran for a week starting in December 17 up to December 23. Saturnalia was a time of freedom and pleasure without consequence. People could do what they wanted and the law wouldn’t punish them. In fact, all courts of law were closed during the week-long festivities. The Romans would take this opportunity to play games, get drunk, run about naked and commit sexual acts that would be unacceptable at other times. Even the slaves got a break: for once the roles were reversed and they could insult their masters. A special banquet was prepared just for the slaves in each household. More disturbing, the Romans would choose an innocent person to be a type of scapegoat during the festival. This person would be considered the enemy of the community. He or she would be forced to self-indulge in many ways for a week, before being killed. The Christians used a clever tactic to get people to convert to their religion. They took the popular Roman festivals and changed them to fit into Christianity. While the names changed, the customs and practices stayed the same. It reassured people that they could convert to the new religion and still keep the old practices. Since Saturnalia was the major feast of the year, the Christians made it the birthday of their savior. However the actual Christmas Day itself, December 25, was not the last day of Saturnalia. It was the day of Sol Invictus, the “Invincible Sun.” Sol Invictus was part of a Roman warrior cult – in which the...
Who Invented the Stagecoach?

Who Invented the Stagecoach?...

The history of the stagecoach in the US started in 1827 with Concord. It cost over $1,200 to $1,500. The stagecoaches were used to transport people as well as goods. Most of them weighed no less than 1,800 lbs. The Abbot Downing Company As stagecoaches gained popularity, its services began to spread throughout the States. The Abbot Downing Company created over 40 kinds of carriages. Their base was in New Hampshire. The company continued making carriages and wagons until 1919. At its height the company employed 300 people. Stagecoach Facts and Figures The seats were made of leather and each carriage was assigned a number. A look at the history of the stagecoach indicates it was known for its durability. The carriage had boots where luggage could be placed. There was also room at the top of the carriage where other items could be stored. Each stagecoach could carry nine people. It had roll down curtains and three sets of seats inside. If filled to capacity, each individual had 15 inches of space. The carriage moved at an average of 8 mph. There were different types of rides available, with first class travel costing $7. The stagecoach was also used to deliver mail and other goods. Even during the Civil War these carriages continued to ply their trade. Stagecoaches around the World The history of the stagecoach in Europe began earlier in Europe. The exact date is uncertain. However, depictions of stagecoaches were seen in English illustrations in the mid 1200s. However it was not invented and used until the 1500s in Britain. As it became popular, coaching inns spread throughout the continent. Stages and stations also emerged in the US. There are reports that Shakespeare’s plays were conducted...
Who Invented Basketball?

Who Invented Basketball?...

Without a doubt, basketball is one of the most popular sports worldwide. The success of international sports groups and organizations like the National Basketball Association or NBA as well as the International Basketball Federation or FIBA has contributed to the overall popularity of the game. Likewise, the emergence of the Women’s National Basketball Association or WNBA gave women the opportunity to participate in this well-loved sport. In order to know the game more, it is good to know who invented basketball. The Invention of Basketball Who invented basketball? James Naismith was credited for the invention of this team sport some time in December 1891. He was at that time a YMCA Training School instructor in the City of Springfield in Massachusetts. His primary purpose for inventing the game was to give his students a vigorous indoor game to play especially during the extremely cold winter season. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information At first, the game of basketball was played exclusively indoors. Before, a peach basket was nailed 10 feet high. Players usually shot the ball inside the basket in order to score. When a goal was made, the ball was to be retrieved manually. They solved this problem by cutting a hole under the basket in order for the ball to pass directly through it. The use of peach basket lasted until 1906. After that, it was replaced by backboards and metal hoops, just like in the basketball as it is today. The first official basketball game took place on January 20, 1892, which was held right inside the YMCA gymnasium. The playing field used then only measured half of the current regulation-size basketball court. The official score after that game was 1-0. After the game was invented,...
Who Invented Gingerbread Men?

Who Invented Gingerbread Men?...

One can say that the person who invented gingerbread men actually influenced a lasting love of many people towards sweet stuff and biscuit or cookie moulds. The Legend of the Gingerbread Men Many say that it was Queen Elizabeth I who invented gingerbread men. This respected queen of England was said to have the first gingerbread men made into the image of the queen’s courtiers. This was done as such so it could serve as small gifts to be given to them. Some say that this is merely a myth. Others say it is reality. Other Interesting Notes on Gingerbread Men After that first batch of delicious gingerbread men, it was said that the English went to America and brought ginger with them to the USA colonies. And, perhaps, you can say that this delicious sweet treat spread throughout the land. There were even some accounts that mentioned the use of ginger cookies as a means of persuasion to voters in Virginia. This was given to the people so they, in turn, would elect the candidates that would be working in the House of Burgesses. Perhaps, because the use of gingerbread men became more famous, the brothers Grimm soon wrote the fairy tale, Hansel and Gretel, which modernized the use of gingerbread. This story was written and published during the 19th century. Pertinent Information to Bear in Mind There are a few things to learn if you’re going to think of making gingerbread men. The term “ginger” is actually taken from the Sanskrit word “srngaveram” meaning “horn root.” In the olden days, particularly, in Medieval England, the term gingerbread came from the Old French word “gingebras” which, in turn, was taken from the Latin term “zingebar.” Gingerbread meant “preserved...
Who Invented the Light Bulb?

Who Invented the Light Bulb?...

When asked who invented the light bulb there are those who quickly answer that it was Thomas Edison. Unfortunately it was not Edison who invented the light bulb since there are at least 22 others who have invented something that resembles something like it. There were actually others who had come up with the idea to generate light from electricity. Comparing Edison Thomas Edison’s invention may not be the first but it is one that far exceeds many of the earlier inventions. It is noted that Edison did not just create a new type of light bulb he also created an integrated lighting system. Origin As early as the 1800’s there have been inventors who have tried to convert electricity and produce light. Sir Humphry Davy was one who was a bit successful. He was an English physician who was able to pass an electric current through strips of platinum. The only drawback with his experiments was that the platinum strips dissipated rather quickly and he was unable to create light. He then created the Arc lamp in 1809. He was able to make an electrical connection among a couple of charcoal rods that were connected to a battery. The light was quite bright however it was small as well. Though we can not credit Sir Humphry Davy as the one who invented the light bulb he did add to its development. Further Developments The next 50 years after Davy’s success will bring up others who would strive to lengthen the life of the light produced from electricity. A notable inventor is Warren de la Rue who was able to make a more efficient design. He used a platinum coil in a vacuum tube that produced light a lot...
Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?

Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?...

Strawberry Shortcake is the name of the cute female character licensed and owned by greeting card company American Greetings Corp. It was intended primarily for use in greeting cards. Today, it is also featured in other products such as posters and dolls. Because of the positive response of consumers to this character, manufacturers started to gain interest on it. The product line has been expanded to include the pets as well as friends of the main character. To understand it more, here is a quick look at the person who invented Strawberry Shortcake. The Invention of Strawberry Shortcake Who invented Strawberry Shortcake? While working as illustrator of greeting cards at the Juvenile and Humorous card department of American Greetings, Muriel Fahrion drew the original design of the character. It was done some time in 1977, which included the main character together with her cat named Custard. After that, it was presented to General Mills executive Bernie Loomis, who helped the character become a licensing entity. She then worked for the toy and licensing design division of American Greetings. After Fahrion created Strawberry Shortcake, Janet Jones and Cindy Moyer Patton were assigned to design the other characters. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Besides inventing the Strawberry Shortcake character, Fahrion directed the production of the first doll of the character. Her sister Susan Trentel created the design for the rag doll. The personality profiles of the different characters of t he line are unique and very interesting. The names of the characters carry a dessert or fruity themes. Likewise, the names of their pets also have a dessert or fruity sound. The characters rose to fame some time in 1980s. They were featured in various kinds of things including video...
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