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Who Invented the X Ray?

Who Invented the X Ray?

X Ray is a kind of electromagnetic and ionizing radiation that has shorter wavelength as compared to the ultraviolet ray. This radiation is very useful for crystallography as well as diagnostic radiography. Because of the functions of the electromagnetic radiation, the term is commonly used to refer to an image that can be created using diagnostic radiography. The X Ray is helpful in identifying various medical conditions so it is best that we recognize the people behind the development of this diagnostic technique. History Who invented the X Ray? X Ray was invented by several scientists who examined cathode rays in 1875. The scientists involved in this special project were Wilhelm Rontgen, Philip Lennard and Johann Hittorf. Rontgen is a physics professor in Germany who studied the electromagnetic rays produced by Crookes tubes. He published a paper about his discovery on December 28, 1895. He called the ray as X since it is still unknown. Rontgen received a Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention. Lennard and Hittorf both work with Rontgen in the analysis of cathode rays. Hittorf found that there would be flawed shadows when unexposed photographic plates were placed near the Crookes tubes. However, Hittorf did not investigate the shadows. Additional Information and Other Important Details Other important personalities in the invention of X Ray Ivan Pulyui, Nikola Tesla, Fernando Sanford as well as Thomas Edison. Pulyui was an experimental physics professor at the Prague Polytechnic. Several weeks the publication of Rontgen’s paper on the X ray photograph, Pulyui published a report in journals about high quality X Ray photographs in London as well as in Paris. Tesla created a special and effective single electrode X Ray tube. He published a paper about his invention in...
Who Invented the Segway?

Who Invented the Segway?...

The history of the Segway attests to Dean Kamen (USA) as its inventor. The two wheeled machine was created by Kamen in 2001 and marketed a year later. Background The Segway was also known as Ginger and IT during its development stage. Ginger was in fact a product of the IBOT wheelchair technology that Kamen was working on. The Ginger was developed while Kamen was at the University of Plymouth. The name was taken from Fred Astaire’s dancing partner, Ginger Rogers. The device was also called Fred Upstairs because it had the ability to move upstairs. A book called Code Named Ginger led to all sorts of speculation as to what the product actually was. The speculation would run rampant until the Segway was opened to the public in 2001. A look at the history of the Segway shows that from 2001 to 2006, over 23,000 units had been sold. An official from the company states that as of 2009, over 50,000 units had been sold. Uses The use of the Segway has been restricted to specialized groups and niches. The vehicle has found acceptance among the police and military which use it to carry various types of equipment. The vehicle has also been used to transport equipment and items to warehouses. It is also used in various industries, factories and other similar areas. The vehicle has not found acceptance from the general populace. There are two reasons for it. One is that the price is similar to other vehicles which they are more familiar with. A review of the history of the Segway will show that some people are still uncomfortable about riding a two wheeled self balancing vehicle. The second is that states have different rules concerning...
Who Invented Cheerios?

Who Invented Cheerios?

Cheerios refers to a famous brand name or trademark of breakfast cereal available in the commercial market. In the United States, the brand name is produced as well as marketed by General Mills. However, in some countries like Great Britain, it is offered under the Nestle trademark of Cereal Partners. In order to promote the product, several advertisements were introduced by Cereal Partners and General Mills in the past decades. Some of the popular advertisements for the cereal are The Cheerios Kid in the mid 1950s, Just Cheeri-yodel in the 1970s and The Peanuts Gang in the 1980s. To know more about this merchandise, it is best to identify the person behind the creation of Cheerios. History of the Product Who invented Cheerios? General Mills employee Lester Borchadt has the credit for the creation of the breakfast cereal. The product was created in 1941 and it was introduced to the public as Cheeri Oats. General Mills received complaints from another firm that used the same brand name. To resolve the issue, the company decided to change the name of the merchandise to Cheerios in 1945. At the time that the merchandise was offered to the public, many consumers became interested with the product because it is the original ready-to-eat oat breakfast. Cheerios was first offered to the consumers at Golden Valley in Minnesota. To improve the sales from the product, the firm introduced a mascot of a cartoon character named Cheeri O’Leary. Additional Information and Other Important Details The product became an instant hit when it was released in the international market. In Ireland and England, Cheerios has four oat colors as well as five grains, namely rice, wheat, barley, oat and maize. To improve the sales of General...
Who Invented Chicken Fingers?

Who Invented Chicken Fingers?...

Chicken fingers are also known as chicken nuggets. Many probably know this delicious food from a well-known burger chain known as McDonald’s who continuously serve this to their many frequent customers. But was it really McDonald’s who invented chicken fingers? False Credit While McDonald’s is more commonly the first thing that would come to mind when the words “chicken nuggets” or chicken fingers is mentioned, they are not really the original creator of this scrumptious food. So, who invented chicken fingers or nuggets? The First Nugget Recipe According to historical accounts, it was really Robert Baker who published the first recipe for this yummy food during the 1950s but this was distributed as an unpatented school work. Baker was a frequent traveler, and had contributed to interesting changes in the people’s behavior, views, and acceptance towards eating chicken. While studying at the Cornell University from the years 1957 to 1989, Baker was able to publish two hundred ninety research papers. As part of that academic work is the recipe that had paved the way for the innovation of the chicken. Other Achievements Baker also had other achievements. In the year 1970, Baker had founded the Institute of Food Science and Marketing of the university. Another achievement that was garnered by Baker was in 1997 when Baker was elected in the Institute of Food Technologists as a fellow. Other food innovations are also credited to Baker. The creator had more than forty innovations which included turkey, cold cut, and poultry. That was why Baker became the “Thomas Edison of poultry.” Aside from inventing the chicken fingers or nuggets, Baker is also the first to learn how to bind breading to the chicken, created turkey ham and turkey hot dogs, and...
Who Invented the Peace Sign?

Who Invented the Peace Sign?...

When we talk about the peace sign we would generally recall a circle with three lines inside. You are quite familiar with it if you were a child of the baby boomer generation when its use was quite prevalent. However, it wasn’t originally intended to be used a symbol for peace or a sign of peace. In fact, it wasn’t the first symbol to be used to denote peace. Creation of the Peace Sign A British artist by the name of Gerald Holtom is credited for creating the three-lined circle for peace. It wasn’t originally designed as a worldwide symbol for peace but was meant for another purpose. It was originally created for the nuclear disarmament movement in Britain. Holtom completed his design on February 21, 1958. It was used in a march conducted on April fourth of that same year. The march started from Trafalgar Square in London all the way to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment. The Direct Action Committee Against Nuclear War commissioned the creation of this symbol. Adoption and Later Use Gerald Holtom’s design was later adopted for other purposes. It was first adopted for quite similar purposes and movements. However, as it became a really popular symbol it was also adopted by other movements as well. It was later used for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Later on during the anti-war movement of the 1960’s, Holtom’s symbol was also put to use. After that, it was later used by what was then the popular counterculture. Even Gerald Holtom would never have guessed that his design would cross oceanic borders or would be put to use for other purposes as well. His design came to the United States in the year 1958. A pacifist protester...
Who Invented Jazz?

Who Invented Jazz?

Even the most ardent student of the history of jazz will be hard pressed to trace its inventor. Rather than point to a single individual, it’s more accurate to say that the sound emerged from various musical sources. Beginnings of Jazz Music Some accounts state the word jazz was first heard in Chicago. It is unclear where it came or from what it was derived from. Its origins have also been disputed. Some claim the music originated from Africa. This influence can be seen from some common elements found in jazz. These are improvisation, swung note and polyrhythm among others. But most accounts of the history of jazz trace its roots in the 1890s. Black people in America were given the chance to hold jobs. Segregation was still enforced. But they were able to find work as entertainers. Blacks worked at vaudeville, minstrel and other musical shows. Various forms of music remerged including ragtime and the blues. From these and other genres, jazz would come out. The 1900s to 1920s It was during this time that jazz as we know it came into being. It became very popular in New Orleans. Most of the early jazz musicians played in the red light district of New Orleans. One of the earliest known jazz musicians was Buddy Bolden. He began playing in 1900 and is considered by many as the first man of jazz. The 1920s saw the arrival of the phonograph and radio. These two innovations had a tremendous effect on the history of jazz. Once limited to the south, their music was now heard across the country. Bessie Smith became known as the Empress of the Blues and the most well known singer of the 1920s. Other performers during...
Who Invented Paper?

Who Invented Paper?

The word “paper” came from the word “papyrus.” Papyrus was a plant abundant in Egypt. However, the acknowledged inventor of paper was a Chinese. So remember, as far as who invented paper is concerned, according to recorded history, the answer is a Chinese. The account below is how paper began. T’sai Lun Of China is the Winner! About 105 A.D. (some say 2000 years ago), there was a man from Lei-Yang, China named T’sai Lun. He was a courtier. He separated the fibers of huge wet mush. Paper is a mixture of pulped wood fibers and cotton or flax. They are pressed together then dried under the sun. That was what he did. That was how paper began. He spread it on a cloth mat framed with bamboo. After the sun had dried up the fiber mixture a new product emerged—paper. Thus, it is a by-product of other materials. But Paper is not Papyrus T’sai Lun may have had competitors in Egypt before for the title of who invented paper. But after careful weighing of facts, it was unanimously decided that he was really the one who invented paper. The papyrus that the Egyptians used was not really paper; it was more the bark of a plant, a raw unprocessed material. Paper, by definition, is a processed material derived from several raw materials. So the first man on earth who came up with the brilliant idea of inventing paper was T’sai Lun. Earlier Records of Writing Materials To be sure, man had been using writing materials long before T’sai Lun invented paper. As in the case of other inventions, he developed other people’s works. Man first wrote on rocks, on cave walls, on wood, on stone tablets or wet...
Who Invented the Steam Engine?

Who Invented the Steam Engine?...

The history of steam engines points to Thomas Savery (1650-1715) as its inventor. He created the engine in 1698 but the basic principles were already known years before. The Evolution of the Steam Engine In the first century AD, Hero of Alexandria had detailed the fundamental principles of the steam engine. The steam turbines that Taqi al Din and Giovanni Branca made (in 1551 and 1629) were mainly for assessing the properties of steam. They were not actually put to any practical use. Savery’s invention in 1698 was the first practical application of steam. It was a water pump and used in some pumping stations. The history of steam engines asserts that the early models sometimes failed to work. In 1712, Thomas Newcomen invented the atmospheric engine. Newcomen’s design was actually an improvement over Savery’s machine. It was mostly used for water pumping too, but it could also be used for draining. James Watt’s Engine While Newcomen’s work help usher in the Industrial Age, it was James Watt’s innovations that helped make steam engine more practical. His pumping engine needed 78% less coal than Newcomen’s device. Watt also included a rotary motion. This allowed the device to be used for moving factory equipment. This meant factories no longer had to be built near rivers or water sources. Watt’s invention was still an atmospheric engine. This meant power was produced by the vacuum from the condensed steam. The history of steam engines changed with Richard Trevithick’s new engines. Trevithick’s Engines Trevithick’s engines utilized high pressure. Compared with Watt’s engine, this was much more powerful. Its small size also made it ideal for usage in transport. The engine came to be recognized as a power source. In 1801 Trevithick created the...
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