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Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?

Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?...

Strawberry Shortcake is the name of the cute female character licensed and owned by greeting card company American Greetings Corp. It was intended primarily for use in greeting cards. Today, it is also featured in other products such as posters and dolls. Because of the positive response of consumers to this character, manufacturers started to gain interest on it. The product line has been expanded to include the pets as well as friends of the main character. To understand it more, here is a quick look at the person who invented Strawberry Shortcake. The Invention of Strawberry Shortcake Who invented Strawberry Shortcake? While working as illustrator of greeting cards at the Juvenile and Humorous card department of American Greetings, Muriel Fahrion drew the original design of the character. It was done some time in 1977, which included the main character together with her cat named Custard. After that, it was presented to General Mills executive Bernie Loomis, who helped the character become a licensing entity. She then worked for the toy and licensing design division of American Greetings. After Fahrion created Strawberry Shortcake, Janet Jones and Cindy Moyer Patton were assigned to design the other characters. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Besides inventing the Strawberry Shortcake character, Fahrion directed the production of the first doll of the character. Her sister Susan Trentel created the design for the rag doll. The personality profiles of the different characters of t he line are unique and very interesting. The names of the characters carry a dessert or fruity themes. Likewise, the names of their pets also have a dessert or fruity sound. The characters rose to fame some time in 1980s. They were featured in various kinds of things including video...
Who Invented Insulin?

Who Invented Insulin?

The history of insulin as medical treatment started around 1921-22. Dr. Frederick Banting of Toronto University discovered in his research that the hormone could be used to treat diabetes. Other researchers who helped him were Charles Best and Dr. James Collip. Early Research on Insulin It was a Berlin student named Paul Langerhans who discovered insulin in the pancreas in 1869. Langerhans called it insulin which in German means islet or island, for that is what the hormones look like. Initially it was thought that insulin played a role in digesting food. In 1889, a Polish-German scientist named Oscar Minkowski began studying the pancreas of the dog. When he took out the dog’s pancreas, he noticed flies kept going to the animal’s urine. This would be pivotal in the history of insulin as the scientists learned there was sugar in the urine. They established the link between pancreas, sugar and diabetes. In 1901 Eugene Opie discovered that diabetes and insulin (or islets) were closely linked, and not just pancreas and diabetes. Further Studies on Insulin This discovery convinced scientists that insulin could be used to produce treatment for diabetes. Some of the early researchers who tried extracting it were George Zuelzer in 1906 and E.L. Scott of Chicago University in 1912. However the outbreak of World War I interrupted research on insulin and diabetes. In 1921 a professor in Bucharest named Nicolae Paulescu became the first in the history of insulin to isolate it. While he patented his work, no clinical tests took place. Banting’s Work Banting’s work however, was the first that resulted in clinical testing. It took place in January 11, 1922. A 14 year old diabetic patient in Toronto was given an insulin injection. The injections...
Who Invented the Twix Candy Bar?

Who Invented the Twix Candy Bar?...

One of the leading products of Mars Inc., the Twix chocolate bar is consisted of a biscuit, milk chocolate as well as caramel. It was first manufactured in Great Britain in 1967 and it was launched in the commercial market in the U.S. in 1979. The merchandise was known in other countries including Portugal, Switzerland, Austria, Poland, Belgium and Germany as Raider before it was renamed in 1991 to 2000. To know more about the history of the merchandise, let us identify the individual behind the creation of the chocolate bar. History of the Merchandise Who invented the Twix candy bar? Forrest Mars Sr., owner of Mars Inc., invented the chocolate bar in the 1930s. The product was first manufactured in Great Britain at the Slough factory of the firm in 1967. For the succeeding years, the chocolate bar was launched in the different countries in Western Europe. It became available in the United States in the late 1970s and was named as the Twix Cookie Bar. When it was first released in the U.S., it became popular as the candy bar packaged in a gold colored wrapper. To enhance the sales of the tasty and sweet treat in the different regions of the world, the company decided to launch variations of the delectable and popular chocolate bar in the 1980s and 1990s. The first variation of the candy is the peanut butter flavored Twix. Instead of caramel, the manufacturer used soft peanut butter in this variant. Additional Information and Other Important Details The variants of the product include the Twix Tea Breaks, the Twix Miniatures and the Chocolate Fudge Twix. Other popular variations of the merchandise are the triple chocolate, orange, coffee as well as java flavors. One...
Who Invented Skateboarding?

Who Invented Skateboarding?...

Skateboarding is one of the most exciting, fun and enjoyable recreational activities today. Aside from these, some people even consider it a method of transportation, a form of art and even an occupation. Today, even young individuals involved in the game earn millions through sponsorships. Based on the reports released by American Sports Data in 2002, the number of skateboarders from all parts of the world is approximately 18.5 million. Aside from these things, it is nice to look back at the history of this widely popular activity including who invented skateboarding. The Invention of Skateboarding Who invented skateboarding? This recreational activity started sometime in between the latter years of the 1940s and the early parts of the 1950s. Surfers from California decided to invent something fun, challenging and exciting to do especially when the waves were not that good. The early forms of skateboard were made from boards and wooden boxes. Underneath, they attached roller skate wheels. From boxes, early skateboarders tried to use planks. Thereafter, they manufacturers started to create pressed layers of wood, which were very similar to the decks of modern-day skateboards. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details One of the pioneer skateboard manufacturers was the surfing company named Makaha. It produced skateboards that looked like small surfboards. Together with these new products, it went on to promote such great products. These important developments led to the founding of the “Skateboarder Magazine” in the United States. In 1965, the international championships were shown on national TV. From 1963 to 1965, Makaha reportedly earned a whopping $10 million from board sales alone. However, sales experienced a huge drop in 1966, which coincided with the halt in the publication of “Skateboarder Magazine.” In the early parts of...
Who Invented the Computer?

Who Invented the Computer?...

There is no single inventor of the computer. What the history of the computer will show is that several people contributed to its growth. The Earliest Computers Because the term is so general, it’s hard to pinpoint which was the first one. Some point to the abacus, a device invented in 1621 by the mathematician Will Oughthred. The apparatus could perform simple math calculations including logarithms. In 1642 Pascal came out with the Pascaline and is regarded as the world’s first calculator. Other calculating devices were made by Gottfried Leibniz and Charles Thomas. In 1812 Charles Babbage came up with the Difference Engine. In the history of the computer, some actually cite this as the first one. The idea was that it could perform several math calculations and be programmed by a single individual. However he was never able to finish the project due to technical reasons. Digital Computers As early as 1906, the scientist Alan Turing had written about a digital computer. But it was in 1939 that his vision was fully realized. It was invented by Dr. John Astanoff. But it was during World War II that computer innovations really took off. The reason was that the Allies needed them to break the Germans’ war codes. One of the earliest high speed machines was called ENIAC (Electrical Numerical Integration and Calculator). The ENIAC marked a turning point in the history of the computer. 1,800 sq ft large, it was a thousand times more powerful than any computer built before it. In 1950 the SWAC was invented. It possessed a clock and a storage system. Around the same time patents for transistors were filed. In the 1960s magnetic disks began to be used to store programs. The end result...
Who Invented the Ferris Wheel?

Who Invented the Ferris Wheel?...

Called by other names such as the big wheel or observation wheel, Ferris wheels are usually found in theme parks and amusement centers. Within this type of non-building structure, people can sit comfortably in passenger gondolas, which are attached to the rim and are set in a huge upright wheel. Today, you can find some of the biggest structures in countries like Japan, the United States as well as Taiwan. Aside from these wonderful details, there are so many other important things to learn about it including who invented the Ferris wheel. The Invention of the Ferris Wheel Who invented the Ferris wheel? The American inventor named George Washington Gale Ferris Jr. designed and invented the Ferris wheel in 1893. It was made for the World’s Columbian Exposition that was held in the City of Chicago in Illinois. It was then called the Chicago Wheel, which he did as part of an effort to build something quite impressive just like the Eiffel Tower in France. After this huge event, every ride of similar nature was referred to as Ferris wheel. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details The Ferris wheel was the centerpiece at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. It used two steam engines, which stood at the height of 260 feet or 80 meters. After that, it became part of the Saint Louis 1904 World’s Fair. Throughout history, the world has seen different kinds of massive Ferris wheels. After the Chicago Wheel, the Great Wheel was created in 1895 as part of the Empire of India Exhibition that was held Earls Court in London, England. In 1900, the Exposition Universelle was showcased at the Grande Roue de Paris in France, which lasted only until 1937. In 1997, the Tempozan...
Who Invented the Kitchen Table?

Who Invented the Kitchen Table?...

Who invented the kitchen table? That question seems not to have a concrete answer. Certain Beliefs on the Earliest Traces in History Looking back in history, no one seems to know who invented the kitchen table. And yet, with a blurry past some believe that the Ancient Egyptians can be traced back then to be the first ones to have used kitchen tables. Because of that belief, it has been inferred that perhaps these Egyptians who lived centuries ago had also invented the kitchen table and used it to their convenience. Whether that belief holds true to the real origins of the kitchen table, no one can actually say. Different Uses of the Kitchen Table during the Middle Ages While kitchen tables nowadays are solely used for dining, there were earlier accounts that these tables were also used for other purposes such as keeping things organized in the kitchen by placing certain kitchen supplies on the tables. It was also mostly used for preparing food. But, during the middle ages, the purpose of these kitchen tables for dining started with servants. There was a kitchen table in the kitchen area where household help and other servants eat on. African Receives a Patent for the Table In October 6, 1896, African inventor Henry A. Jackson got a patent for the kitchen table. At a time when kitchen counters were not a typical household item then, this inventor thought of organizing the kitchen with the use of the kitchen table. It was then used for dining and preparation of meals. Different Models Soon Emerged One by One Like other inventions, the kitchen table had gone through certain modifications that involved different materials and designs. Through the years, the kitchen table also...
Who Invented Jolly Rancher?

Who Invented Jolly Rancher?...

Jolly Rancher is a popular brand name or trademark of candies manufactured by Hershey’s Foods Corporation. The brand includes different types of candies like fruit chews, gummies, hard candy, sodas, lollipops as well as jellybeans. The history of the creation of the trademark is interesting and informative because it reflects different values and traits like hard work, family bonding and loyalty. In order to know more about the history of the product line, it is best to begin with identifying the people behind the creation of Jolly Rancher. History of the Brand Name Who invented Jolly Rancher? The trademark was invented by Bill Harmsen and Dorothy Harmsen in 1949 in Golden Colorado. The operation of the company started when the Harmsen family opened a dairy products store at the east side of Washington Avenue. The original products offered by the couple to consumers in Denver are soft ice creams as well as chocolates. To accommodate the increasing demands and number of customers of the company, the couple decided to transfer the business operation at the Wheat Ridge in 1951. Due to the unstable performance of the company, the couple sold the firm to Beatrice Foods Co. in 1966. Bill Harmsen became the president of Jolly Rancher after the acquisition but he filed his retirement in 1977. After the retirement, his son Robert Harmsen was appointed as the general manager of the product line. In 1983, Beatrice Foods Co. was acquired by Huhtamaki Oy. After the acquisition of the firm, Huhtamaki Oy established Leaf Inc. at Denver in Colorado. Leaf Inc. was acquired by Hershey Chocolate and Confectionery Corp. in 1997. The factory of the products is situated at Wheat Ridge until October 2002. Afterwards, all the machines used in...
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