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Who Invented the Airplane?

Who Invented the Airplane?...

The history of the airplane shows it was invented by Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) Wright. They got the patent 9 months prior to their flight in December 1903. The Early History of Flight There are pictures showing Orville Wright on the plane flying. The craft flew to a height of 10 ft. It traversed a total of 120 feet and lasted 12 seconds in the air. The story of airplanes is connected with man’s dream of flying. Man’s desire to fly goes back to ancient times. The ancient Greeks and Hindu tales feature stories of men flying around on animals or chariots. There are some reports that in 400 BC, the Greek philosopher and mathematician Archytas invented a flying device. The apparatus was powered by steam. According to some reports it flew a distance of 600 feet. This would rewrite the history of the airplane if true, but it has not been fully verified. Other Early Designs The records show that in the 11trh century the monk Eilmer of Malmesbery had experimented with gliders in an attempt to fly. Another one was the poet Abbas. Leonardo Da Vinci left behind aircraft designs on the Codex of the Flight of Birds. The 18th century saw Francoise Pilatre de Rozier soar on a balloon. In 1803, George Cayley (discoverer of the laws of aerodynamics) began experimenting with various gliders. An American scientist named John Montgomery was able to create a controlled glider in 1883. The history of the airplane shows that a lot of other scientists who designed gliders. But it was not until the Wright brothers in 1903 that engine powered aircraft came into being. After the Wright Brothers’ Flight The Wright brothers’ flight in 1903 was the first...
Who Invented Wine?

Who Invented Wine?

Who invented wine? Origin of Wine Wine is a fermented drink, usually made from grapes. It is thought by scholars that it originated in 6,000-3,000 BC between the Nile and the Persian Gulf, in the territories of modern Iran and Georgia. How exactly man invented wine is unknown. But it may have happened by accident when wild yeast fermented the grapes that men stored as food. What is certain is man has known about wine making for a long time. Wall paintings and other archeological evidence prove it. An interesting Persian tale explains the invention of wine as follows: A melancholy princess had a falling out with her father, the king. She tried to kill herself by drinking what she thought was spoiled grape juice. The drink knocked her unconscious, but it didn’t kill her. When the princess woke up, she was in a much happier mood. She resumed drinking the same grape juice and was so amiable that she and her father soon made up. Regardless of the truth of this story, the Persians did make excellent wine. Some of the best varieties of grape today are thought to have evolved from Persia. Over time wine spread throughout the Mediterranean and Europe via trade. The Egyptians imported their grapes from the Phoenicians. They learned to raise white grapes in the fertile region of the Nile delta. The kind of grape used was most likely a white grape called Muscat native to Alexandria. Europe probably got their first taste of wine through the Phoenicians as well. The Phoenicians were a nation of sea-traveling merchants. They helped spread the knowledge of wine making across the Mediterranean and Europe, especially Greece and Rome. Wine played a very special part in religious...
Who Invented the Bicycle?

Who Invented the Bicycle?...

Most historians agree that the man who invented the bicycle was Ernest Michaux. However, before this conclusion came about, there were other people to consider. They contributed greatly to the invention of the bicycle. Ernest Michaux Ernest Michaux actually had a partner in the invention of the bicycle—Pierre Michaux, his father. In the 1860s they built a carriage that looked something like the bicycle people know of today, though yet unperfected. Then in 1861, Ernest finally ended up with the modern bike after doing innovations to it. Installing cranks and pedals, he was given the title—man who invented the bicycle. Running Bikes Before the modern bike came to be, it used to be a running bike. It was what people called “Laufmaschine” or running machine. It was made of wood, had no pedals, and was run by pushing the feet against the ground. Baron Karl Drais Von Sauerbronn, a German, was the man who invented the bicycle Laufmaaschine. He first presented his crude invention to the world in Paris in 1818. This initial invention of the bicycle was earlier heralded by the introduction of the “Celerifere” in 1790. Built by Comte Mede de Sivrac, it was similar to the Laufmaschine but without any means of steering. It just ran straight ahead. Mechanical Crank The addition of the mechanical crank to the bicycle was done in 1839. It was introduced by a blacksmith in Scotland named Kirkpatrick MacMillan. The mechanism that pushed the bicycle—the crank—was placed at the rear wheel. MacMillan was not the man who invented the bicycle but his mechanical crank was a big breakthrough in the invention of the bicycle, the modern type. James Starley Another name popped up in 1870 after the modern bike was invented....
Who Invented I Heart NY?

Who Invented I Heart NY?...

I Heart NY is a logo made for the advertising campaign launched to promote the tourist destinations in the state of New York. The logo is commonly seen in brochures as well as souvenir shops in the area. It is very simple since the trademark is set in the American Typewriter slab serif typeface. It became an essential part of the popular culture not just in the state but also in the U.S. Due to the popularity of this trademark, many people imitated it. In order to avoid confusion and to resolve conflicts, it is important to know the person who invented I Heart NY. History of the Development of the Logo Who invented I Heart NY? I Heart NY was invented or designed by graphic designer Milton Glaser in 1977. Glaser was recruited by New York State Department of Commerce Deputy Commissioner William S. Doyle to develop a unique but attractive design based on the marketing campaign conceptualized by Wells Rich Greene. The designer did not expect that the logo would be used for a long time since the campaign was only meant to be introduced to the public for a couple of months. In this regard, Glaser gave his service for the state for free. Additional Information and Other Important Details The logo was inspired by other trademarks introduced in the different U.S. states like the I Heart LA (Los Angeles), I Heart SF (San Francisco) and I Heart DF (Distrito Federal). Other trademarks that have similarities with I Heart NY are the I Love NJ (New Japan Pro Wrestling) and I Love NX (New Cross). The logo was also used by American performer New Young Pony Club in the covering of the album entitled Fantastic Playroom....
Who Invented the Mars Rover?

Who Invented the Mars Rover?...

The history of the Mars rover will point out their building was a team effort. Each of these rovers was created by a group of scientists working at NASA. Most of the work and development of the spacecraft take place in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The Mars Rovers Five Mars rovers have been launched. The first one was launched in 1971 and called Mars 2 Prop M rover. It was followed by the Mars 3 Prop M rover. Both devices failed. The Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder) landed on the Red Planet on July 4, 1997. It was able to maintain communication with NASA until September 27, 1997. The Spirit (MER-A) Mars Exploration Rover made it to Mars on January 4, 2004. As of June 2009, the craft was still functioning. The history of the Mars rover continued to evolve with the Opportunity. This craft made it to Mars on January 25, 2004. It was still operating as of July 2009. The Mars Rovers Sojourner and Opportunity The failure of Mars 2 and Mars 3 led to design overhauls. The sojourner left Earth on December 4, 1996. It was able to land successfully because it used a multi celled balloon. This device bounced on the ground and helped reduce the impact of landing. This allowed the craft to land without damaging any components. The Opportunity landed on the Meridani Planum section, the first in the history of the Mars rover. Like the Sojourner and Spirit before it, the rover was able to land successfully without affecting any components. There are now several Mars rovers being developed. These include the Curiosity, the ExoMars and the Tumbleweed. The Curiosity is scheduled to be launched in 2011, and the ExoMars in 2016. There...
Who Invented Online Shopping?

Who Invented Online Shopping?...

Online shopping is the business term used to refer to the process that customers go through to avail services or buy products that can be accessed with the use of the Internet. Some of the entities that act as retail stores in this process are the webshop, online shop, virtual store as well as the Internet shop. This process is a special kind of electronic commerce that is used for business-to consumer as well as business-to-business transactions. To know more about this, let us have a look at the history of the development of online shopping History Who invented online shopping? This process was invented by Rediffusion Computers employee Michael Aldrich in Great Britain in 1979. In order to prove that the process would work, Aldrich used an efficient technology that has Videotex. Two years after the launch of online shopping, the first business-to-business transaction happened with the initiative from Thomson Holidays. After this, both business-to-consumer as well as business-to-business transactions were widely used in the area in the 1980s. Gateshead, England resident Jane Snowball was the first online shopper who purchased items from Tesco. The transaction happened in May 1984. Six years after this event, the first browser as well as a server that could be used to access the World Wide Web were introduced. In 1992, Book Stacks Unlimited, a website developed by Charles stock was known as the first web bookstore. After two years, Amazon, another popular online bookstore was created by Jeff Bezos. In 1994, different online shops were created. These include online banks as well as the online retail shop of Pizza Hut. To ensure that transactions were secured, the SSL data transferred online encryption were launched by Netscape. Additional Information and Other Important...
Who Invented Shampoo?

Who Invented Shampoo?

Shampoo is a solution and hair care product that is used to remove dirt, oil, skin particles and dandruff from hair. These pollutants build up in hair over time and need to be removed to maintain personal hygiene and well groomed hair. It is necessary to remove these particles from hair without stripping the scalp of sebum which is a natural oil. History Shampoo can be traced as far back as India as it was used by ancient tribes in that time. The English word shampoo is derived from the Hindi word ch?mpo. Its usage dates as far back as 1762. The word ch?mpo refers to the action of massaging the head with hair oil. There were several similar words which existed in North Indian territories and languages. This practise was adopted by Britain through Sake Dean Mahomed, a Bengali entrepreneur. He introduced shampoo and the action of massaging the hair in a vapour bath while working in London. He and his wife later opened a steam vapor and medicated bath. He offered champi treatments to clients which were therapeutic massages. He later became a ‘Shampoo Surgeon’ to William IV and George IV. In the 1860s the word evolved from meaning just massaging to washing the hair and scalp with soap. Before then regular soap was used to wash hair but because of the thick film of residue left behind, and its properties of leaving hair dry, unhealthy looking and irritated it was rarely practised. Invention Shampooing was honed by several English hair stylists who shaved soap and added herbs and made it into a concoction. The herbs were added to give hair fragrance and shine. Kasey Herbert is one of the first known inventors of shampoo. He is...
Who Invented the Violin?

Who Invented the Violin?...

The violin belongs to a family of stringed instruments, which also include the cello and viola. Among these three, it is the highest-pitched and smallest. More importantly, it is used widely in the different musical genres including rock and roll, pop punk as well as folk music. Likewise, it is also played as part of jazz, classical and Baroque music. In addition to these interesting things, it is also good to know something about its history, particularly who invented the violin. The Invention of the Violin Who invented the violin? Renowned violinmaker Andrea Amati constructed the very first violin sometime in 1555. Before that, there was a violin-like instrument called violetta, which only had three strings instead of the usual four strings that are found in modern-day violins. Because of the nice pleasant sound that it produced, the King of France Charles IX ordered him to manufacture 24 pieces of the instrument. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details By the 18th century, the original design of the violin underwent a number of significant changes. After that, the violin featured a heavier brass bar. The most expensive violin ever sold was a Stradivari violin, which was auctioned for the price of $3,544,000. Whey using a violin, there are several bowing techniques available like the martele, which is done through sudden and forceful bow strokes. Another technique is called col legno, which is done by drawing the stick across the strings rather than the hair. To execute a pizzicato, a player must use the fingers of his or her right hand to pluck the strings instead of the bow. To perform a mute, a small device referred to as mute is necessary. This apparatus is usually made from wood, rubber or...
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