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Who Invented the Mars Bar?

Who Invented the Mars Bar?...

The Mars Bar is a popular chocolate candy introduced by Mars Inc. It was first developed at a factory of the firm in Slough, Great Britain. To improve the market and sales of the firm, it launched variations of the product in the different parts of the world. Additionally, the company introduced limited editions of the merchandise in various countries like Australia. To learn more about the history of this product, it is important to know the person behind the creation of the candy bar. History of the Chocolate Bar Who invented the Mars bar? The chocolate bar was invented by Forrest Mars, Mars Incorporated’s owner, in 1932. He created the product by improving the taste and appearance of the Milky Way candy bar, which was produced and distributed only in America at this time. The inventor made the chocolate bigger and added nougat as well as caramel. He produced a limited quantity of the candy bar to try if people in Slough would like his innovation. Many consumers loved the product, so to get more profits; the chocolate was mass-produced and was first introduced in the different regions of Great Britain. Additional Information and Other Important Details To attract consumers in Great Britain, the company repackaged and reformulated the recipe for Mars bar. In 2002, the chocolate and nougat used in the product was lessened. In order to attract consumers, the firm launched limited variants like the Mars Dark and Light, the Triple Chocolate, Mars Red, Mars Fling as well as Mars Almond. When it comes to spinoff products, the firm launched the Mars Pods in New Zealand and Australia. The manufacturer also introduced a special packaging for the candy bar from April 18, 2006 to the final...
Who Invented the Refrigerator?

Who Invented the Refrigerator?...

A study of the history of the refrigerator will reveal that the Scottish chemist William Cullen to be the first to use artificial refrigeration. He did it in Glasglow University in 1748. But the idea of preserving food using cool temperatures began much earlier. Early Experiments One of the earliest experiments was performed by Francis Bacon. In 1626 he thought of using snow to preserve chicken meat. He bought some chicken and filled it with snow. Unfortunately he got pneumonia and died within a few weeks. During this time, people kept food cold in icehouses. Even when Cullen made his demo in 1748, he didn’t follow it up. His experiment produced ice. But records on the history of the refrigerator show he never quite realized what it could mean. Around 1805, the American inventor Oliver Evans designed a refrigeration apparatus, but he didn’t build one. But the idea for the refrigerator caught on. The inventor Robert Perkins would improve on Evans’ creation and have his invention patented in 1834. But neither Perkins nor Evans’ machine were called a refrigerator. The word was first used by Thomas Moore in 1800. However his design was for a cedar tub. The tub was covered with rabbit fur and ice. While Moore called it a refrigerator, today it is more like an icebox. Modern History of the Refrigerator Perkins’ design made use of vapor compression, the first to do so. Its appearance is also more similar to modern refrigerators than the other inventions before. But the first home refrigerator was made by General Electric in 1911. The fridge was composed of wood. It was designed by Marcel Audiffen, a French physics teacher. In 1895 and 1908 he got the patents for the fridge...
Who Invented the Gatling Gun?

Who Invented the Gatling Gun?...

The Gatling gun is arguably one of the more famous and recognizable among all of the firearms ever made. Due to its distinct appearance and its unique capabilities, many are familiar with Gatling gun, even those who are not well-versed with firearms. Despite this familiarity even with the most gun-averse of laymen however, not many know who invented the Gatling gun along with the history of its design and development and its impact on modern warfare. As its name suggests, it is easy to remember who invented the Gatling gun. This because the man who invented the Gatling gun lent it its name. The man who invented the Gatling gun is Richard J. Gatling, an inventor responsible for numerous patents in the United States in the latter half of the 19th Century. Despite the Gatling gun’s fearsome reputation in the battlefield, the man who invented the Gatling gun reasoned his newly-designed gun will actually lessen the casualties in warfare. Since the Gatling gun will allow relatively few personnel to deliver tremendous fire power (for its time), less soldiers will then be needed to fight wars and therefore lesser battle casualties. Of course we all know that the idealistic notion of Gatling that fewer men will die in battle as a result of his invention’s tremendous fire power was baseless. But the man who invented the Gatling gun was in part right since for the first time in history, a few personnel with the help of his invention will be able inflict massive damage to the enemy. Battle before was mostly a man-to-man struggle between combatants but with the Gatling gun, a soldier can single-handedly inflict heavy casualties on the other side. More than a hundred years after its invention,...
Who Invented Spaghetti?

Who Invented Spaghetti?

If you love eating spaghetti, you may have wondered on who invented spaghetti and made this dish highly available to you and more people from different parts of the globe. As it is quite interesting to learn of early beginnings of the spaghetti dish, its early accounts points to an even very interesting and engaging history which involves Marco Polo’s time, the early Chinese during the 3000 B.C., and even a mythological God, and other accounts – all said to have certain contributions to the invention of the spaghetti dish. The Explorations of Marco Polo An early legend of Marco Polo says it all. As such, it is said that legend has it that Marco Polo was the one who introduced pasta to the country of Italy. This was after an exploration from the Far East during the latter part of the 13th century. But was it really Marco Polo who can be given credit and can be said to be the person who invented spaghetti? That may not be what the early Chinese people would probably say. The Early Makings of the Chinese People In an Etruscan tomb, during the early 3000 B.C., the Chinese were said to make a food that resembled this pasta dish. Mythology Accounts Another account points to Greek mythology. For this, it was believed by some that a Greek God named Vulcan contributed to the creation of spaghetti in the early years. This mythology suggests that a particular device was actually invented by the God Vulcan that was used for making strings of dough. And those first strings were considered to be the first spaghetti noodles ever invented. Initial Accounts of Rising Popularity While touring the country of Italy, the English were able...
Who Invented the Cassette Player?

Who Invented the Cassette Player?...

Who invented the cassette player? Can you guess? You probably know that before the emergence of VCDs and CDs, people listened to cassettes with their favorite songs recorded in them. But, sadly, during that time not much was actually said about the real person who invented the cassette player. An Interesting History Lesson In the year 1888, there was a man by the name of Oberlin Smith who had a very intriguing concept. Oberlin suggested the usage of magnetic storage in those early times as a method for recording audio. But the concept didn’t push through immediately. It was actually a few years later, in the year 1898 to be exact, when this idea had taken its existence. Vlademar Poulsen was the person who had invented the earlier concept of Oberlin. In 1928, Fritz Pfleumer developed the magnetic tape. But it was not that compact as how the modern cassette player was. Compact versions didn’t emerge until a few years later. The First Version in the Market In the year 1963, the market opened its doors to the first version of the cassette player. This was introduced in the audio business by Philips, a famous audio company. Initially, the European market was a good start in marketing this particular product. Later, it arrived in America, a year after its introduction to the European market. The initial product was known as the Compact Cassette. In the late 1970s, this product became just as famous as the LPs in those days. The first models of the cassette players were actually designed as dictation machines and recording devices for personal use instead of devices for music. It was only in the year 1966 when the cassette player was used as a musical...
Who Invented Halloween?

Who Invented Halloween?

The history of Halloween in the US began in 1846 courtesy of Irish immigrants. However the actual roots of the festival go back to the ancient Celts of Europe. The Origin of Halloween The Celtic festival known as Samhain is believed to be the predecessor of modern Halloween. Samhain marked the end of the Celtic harvest season. It was also the start of the Celtic New Year. The date for the New Year was October 31. On this day, the Celts believed that the lines separating the living and the dead dissipated. During this time, evil spirits were said to roam the Earth. To combat these forces, the Celts would don masks. This aspect in the history of Halloween helps explain the tradition of watching scary costumes during the festival. Where the Name Came From Halloween got its name from Hallowe’en. This in turn was derived from All Hallow’s Eve. During the 9th century, the church changed the date of All Saint’s Day or All Hallows’ Day from May 13 to November 1. November 2 was then declared as the day of the dead. For this reason, October 31 became known as All Hallows’ Eve. Despite the move of the church, the festival remained very popular among the people. Traditions No study of the history of Halloween would be complete without addressing the origins of its many symbols. The jack o lantern had its roots in Celtic beliefs too. During Samhain, the Celts would carve heads out of rutabaga. They believed that the head could ward off the evil sprits that were roaming the Erath. This legend became intertwined with Irish and British legends involving Stingy Jack. According to the story, Stingy Jack was a greedy farmer who conned...
Who Invented the MP3 Format?

Who Invented the MP3 Format?...

The mp3 format was invented by the MPEG Group in 1991. The history of the mp3 format indicates several people worked on the project but the accredited inventors were Ernst Eberlein, Thomas Sporer, Karhl Heinz Brandenburg, Bern Grill and Bernd Kurten. Development Mp3 was the offshoot of OCF and PXFM. Those who worked on the project were mainly focused on how people were able to hear music. Through the course of their work, the Fraunhofer Society (which became part of the MPEG group) started looking for ways for music to be compressed and yet maintain its high quality. After working on it for several yeas, the standards were implemented in 1991. Further refinements would follow and it was integrated with MPEG 2 which came out in 1994. Release to the Public A study of the history of the mp3 format will reveal the Fraunhofer Society produced the encoder on July 7, 1994. A few months after its release, an mp3 player called Winplay 3 was released as well. Unlike other music formats, Mp3 offered a lot of advantages. The first was its small size. Using the 128 bit compression, a 5 minute song only came in at about 5 MB. This was a huge improvement over the WAV formats whose size was ten times that. In addition, the quality was very high, almost CD like. This became possible due to limitations in hearing. Mp3 removed the bits in the sound file that people wouldn’t be able to hear. By taking out these extraneous pieces, the size was reduced without sacrificing the sound quality. Popularity and Widespread Use Through the 1990s, the history of the mp3 format shows the tremendous impact it made on the Net. The release of Winamp...
Who Invented the Nobel Prize?

Who Invented the Nobel Prize?...

The Nobel Prize is an international prize awarded to individuals who have exemplary contributions to medicine or physiology, peace, literature, chemistry as well as physics. The award is presented by different educational institutions including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Karolinska Institutet. The prizes, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, are given at the yearly Prize Award Ceremony at Stockholm in Sweden every December 10. On the other hand, the Nobel Peace Prize is given at Oslo in Norway. To know more about the awards, let us start with knowing the history of the prestigious international prize. History Who invented the Nobel Prize? Outstanding Swedish chemist and high explosive dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel created the Nobel Prize. The awards were cited in his 1895 final will. In the will, Nobel detailed that 31 million Swedish Konor and 94 per cent of his assets would be allotted for the development of a fund. He intended to use the fund to recognize the outstanding contributions of five individuals annually to international peace and different fields including chemistry, physics and medicine. The final will was not finished so it took several years before the Nobel Prize was founded. The award was established in 1900 and the first set of awardees were recognized on December 10, 1901. Additional Information and Other Important Details For the nomination as well as selection of awardees, the award giving body assigned members of different committees to do the tasks. For instance, awardees for the prizes in economics, chemistry and physics are selected by the chosen members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Literary awardees are chosen by the elected committee members of the Swedish Academy. The recipients of the Prize in Medicine or Physiology...
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