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Who Invented Algebra?

Who Invented Algebra?

Algebra. For most of us, it is one of the banes of school life. Many see it as an adverse course, an unnecessary complication for one’s academics. It is then not rare for students to joke about their contempt for the inventor of the subject. Well, it maybe a playful joke but it does lead to an important question: who invented algebra anyway? Now, some may not pursue the thought of finding out the creator of their much-hated subject but for those who will do, it will be a fruitful exercise as it will make one realize the importance of the role that algebra played in human progress. So who invented algebra? Most of us are accustomed with inventions having a definite inventor: a single individual, like Thomas Edison for the light bulb, or a specific group of people like Chinese for gun powder. This is not the case with algebra however. Asking who invented algebra will give you the Arabs who are widely credited for the creation of the said branch of mathematics but there are also those that believe the Babylonians are the ones that must be given credit for inventing the algebra. But where does this rift concerning the question who invented algebra come from? As can be seen from the word itself, algebra, which comes from the Arabic al-jabr, one of the basic operations discussed in the influential book made by Arabs about the subject, Arabs contributed a lot to the subject. So much was their contribution that only through the translation of their works did the West learned much about algebra. The modern word that is algebra came into being only when the book was translated from Arabic into Latin by a Western scholar...
Who Invented the Frisbee?

Who Invented the Frisbee?...

It may be interesting to discover who invented the Frisbee. Now one of the famous playthings to most of the children and adults in many countries, learning the earlier invention in history may be quite worthy to dig up. However, finding the answer is not really that easy. As such, just like many other earlier inventions, there are many who claim the credit of being the person who invented the Frisbee. The First Set of Pie Tins and the Initial Claims to Glory During this era, pies were made and sold by the Frisbie Baking Company in Bridgeport, Connecticut. There were lots of college students from various New England colleges who bought these pies. And it was said that the students later discovered that the empty pie tins can be used for play by tossing and catching it. Because of this tale, many of the colleges in the area tried to bag the credit for the person who invented the playing of Frisbee. They wanted to be the school of “he who was first to fling.” To get the claim, one of the colleges, Yale College, even mentioned a tale that in 1820, Elihu Frisbee, an undergraduate, was the real Frisbee inventor. It was said that Elihu grabbed a collection tray in the chapel and threw it across the campus – thus, creating the first Frisbee fling. However, this is not a true account since all the pie tins made in those times bore the words “Frisbie’s Pies” where the word “Frisbie” was later derived to name the toy. The Plastic Frisbee Version and the Other Inventors Together with Warren Franscioni, Walter Frederick Morrison, a building inspector in Los Angeles, invented another version of the Frisbee toy in 1948....
Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?

Who Invented Strawberry Shortcake?...

Strawberry Shortcake is the name of the cute female character licensed and owned by greeting card company American Greetings Corp. It was intended primarily for use in greeting cards. Today, it is also featured in other products such as posters and dolls. Because of the positive response of consumers to this character, manufacturers started to gain interest on it. The product line has been expanded to include the pets as well as friends of the main character. To understand it more, here is a quick look at the person who invented Strawberry Shortcake. The Invention of Strawberry Shortcake Who invented Strawberry Shortcake? While working as illustrator of greeting cards at the Juvenile and Humorous card department of American Greetings, Muriel Fahrion drew the original design of the character. It was done some time in 1977, which included the main character together with her cat named Custard. After that, it was presented to General Mills executive Bernie Loomis, who helped the character become a licensing entity. She then worked for the toy and licensing design division of American Greetings. After Fahrion created Strawberry Shortcake, Janet Jones and Cindy Moyer Patton were assigned to design the other characters. Additional Facts and Other Important Information Besides inventing the Strawberry Shortcake character, Fahrion directed the production of the first doll of the character. Her sister Susan Trentel created the design for the rag doll. The personality profiles of the different characters of t he line are unique and very interesting. The names of the characters carry a dessert or fruity themes. Likewise, the names of their pets also have a dessert or fruity sound. The characters rose to fame some time in 1980s. They were featured in various kinds of things including video...
Who Invented the Chinese Zodiac?

Who Invented the Chinese Zodiac?...

Who Invented the Chinese Zodiac? The Chinese Zodiac is not a “zodiac” at all since it is neither based on the constellations nor is it a division of the ecliptic. Rather it is a way to observe time in cycles. There are no written record so who invented the Chinese Zodiac. However there are many theories about its origin. One story relates that the ancient Chinese used to keep time by the use of ten “heavenly stems” and twelve “earthly branches.” Different combinations of these stems and branches were used to tell the month, year, day and hour. The calculations were too complicated for average folk, so they used common animals to symbolize the time divisions. The story tells us that the famous Yellow Emperor was the first to use the Chinese Zodiac. He introduced it in the year 2,600 B.C. to begin the Chinese Lunar Year. In ancient China, the emperors were well schooled in astrology. It was believed that one had to know the ways of the stars and the heavens to be a worthy ruler. Legendary Origin of the Chinese Zodiac A couple of legends exist telling why the Chinese Zodiac is ordered the way it is. According to one version, the Buddha summoned all the animals in the world to a meeting. Only the twelve animals – rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, goat, monkey, rooster, dog and pig – heeded his call. The Buddha rewarded each animal by making it the ruler of one of the signs. He gave them each year according to their order of arrival. A second version narrates how the beasts argued over who should come first in the yearly cycle. So the Jade Emperor told them to race...
Who Invented Ice Cream?

Who Invented Ice Cream?

When the weather is hot and humid, it is natural for you to develop a liking for cold drinks and foods like ice cream. Whether taken in a cone or a glass, ice cream is absolutely enjoyable at any time of the day and at any occasion. You can even opt to choose from the different flavors and brands available in the market. With all these things that make ice cream highly favorable to most, have you ever wondered who invented ice cream and started it all? Early References – the Blurry and the Presumed Original Accounts The early makings of ice cream are said to be during the 4th century B.C. But there were also accounts that icehouses existed around 2,000 B.C. and have been used by Mesopotamians to store food. So, were the Mesopotamians the ones who invented ice cream? Who can tell when early similarities can also be traced back then to some Egyptian pharaohs who ordered ice during hot seasons in their places? Truly, the real accounts on where ice cream started may seem hazy. But there are other points in history that had given us a glimpse of how ice cream began. According to history, during the 37 to 68th century A.D., Nero ate a similar sweet ice cream concoction. During Nero’s time, ice was transported to Rome from the mountains to be used for making this sweet dish. The ice was mixed with fruit toppings, and was a favorite dessert in those times. In 618 to 97 A.D., King Tang of China also had a similar method using ice. They made their own ice and milk concoctions – that may be likened to the present-day sherbets. Because of this, the Chinese were believed...
Who Invented the Calendar We Have Today?

Who Invented the Calendar We Have Today?...

Introduction The modern calendar is known as the Gregorian Calendar. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII who favored it over the Julian Calendar. But Gregory XIII only approved the calendar that bears his name. The actual inventor was Alosyius Lilius. Alosyius Lilius Biography Lilius was an Italian astronomer, physician and chronologist. He was from Ziro in Calabrio, Italy. Lilius’ chosen profession was medicine. He studied in Naples to become a doctor and served under the earl Carafa, a prominent nobleman. Some time later, Lilius began to teach in the Perugia University in 1552. Aside from his interest in medicine, Alosyius Lilius was also fascinated by time keeping and calendars. He noted problems with the Julian Calendar, the one that was being used in his time. So he wrote a paper proposing a new calendar system. But it did not get attention until years after his death in 1576. After Alosyius died, his brother Antonio turned over his manuscript to Pope Gregory XIII. The latter put it for review before a council. It was approved after some changes made by another astronomer, Christopher Clavius. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII issued a papal bull superseding the Julian with the Gregorian Calendar. It was slowly adopted by Christian countries one after the other. Now it is the system used by virtually everyone in the world. Why the Gregorian Calendar Replaced the Julian Calendar Julius Caesar invented the Julian system. All months had either 30 or 31 days, except for February. February or Februalia had 29 or 30 days depending on whether it was a leap year or not. Caesar named one month after himself, July. When Octavian became Roman emperor, he also renamed a month to August, after his new imperial...
Who Invented Chalk?

Who Invented Chalk?

Your first encounter with chalk might have been in the classroom where you often see your teachers use them to write on a chalkboard. The most familiar form of chalk a lot of people have come familiar with is made of slender sticks around a quarter of an inch thick and about three inches long. You might even have come to wonder who invented chalk. Who Invented Chalk It might come as a disappointment to find out that no one can tell who invented chalk. Chalk is readily found in nature and has been used as a tool for drawing and writing for quite a long time. Drawings that date even to the prehistoric times have been discovered by archaeologists. The earliest chalk writings/drawings have been found in caves. As time went by artists from various countries used chalk to make drawings and sketches. Their work was protected using shellac or any comparable substance. For the convenience of these artists, a major innovation was introduced – chalks shaped into sticks. Even though chalk artists can’t be credited as the ones who invented chalk, their need introduced an innovation that would last for centuries. Making Chalk In the same way we don’t know who invented chalk, we also don’t know who invented the method to make chalk into sticks. What we know is that the method starts by grinding natural chalk into a very fine powdery form. Water is then added along with clay and various color pigments depending on what color of chalk you want to make. The clay actually acts as a binder of some sort. The mixture will initially look something like putty that would be rolled and shaped into cylinders and then would be left to...
Who Invented the Hearing Aid?

Who Invented the Hearing Aid?...

No one really knows who invented the first hearing aid device. A study of the history of hearing aids will show that one of the first electric hearing aids was the Akoulathon. This was made by Miller Reese Hutchinson in 1898. Hutchinson’s Invention Hutchinson’s creation was sold in 1901 by the Akaphone Company. The apparatus itself required a carbon transmitter for the hearing aid and telephone. The device was subsequently used to increase the sound. By the 1920’s the transistor took the place of the carbon transmitter. Early History of the Hearing Aid However there were other forms of hearing aid that came out before Hutchinson’s invention. These consisted of trumpets, horns and other similar designs. These devices would later change into transistor radio like devices. During the early history of hearing aids, these devices had to be worn around the body. They were quite heavy and uncomfortable to wear. These early devices were called ear horns or trumpets. They were shaped like funnel cones and worked by concentrating sound into the funnel. These prototypes were later replaced by the bone anchor hearing aid. Different Types of Hearing Aids Since Hutchinson’s invention, hearing aids have assumed various forms and shapes. One of the earliest types was the body worn aid. This was invented by Bells Labs researcher Harvey Fletcher. In the long history of hearing aids, Fletcher is in fact often credited with inventing hearing aids. Fletcher’s invention consisted of an ear mold and a case where the amplifiers were stored. The case and ear mold were linked by a cord. These would soon be replaced by the BTE (behind the ear) aids. These consisted of plastic and set on the pinna. Using air conduction, sound is sent to...
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